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Zoroastrianism

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by

Joana Bargas

on 20 November 2014

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Transcript of Zoroastrianism

Iranis
Zoroastrianism
Origins
Symbols
ATHRA
Atarsh
or
Atash
=producing light
Second most common symbol
Image by goodtextures: http://fav.me/d2he3r8
Groups
FARAHVAHAR
One of the most common symbol
Can be pronounced as:
Frohar
,
Farohar
,
Frawahr
, and
Fravahr
.

FARA
= forward/ahead
VAHAR
=Pulling
Institutions
Iranian Zoroastrians
Parsis
The Family
Priesthood
World Zoroastrian Organization
Zoroastrian Society of Ontario
Indian Zoroastrians
1600 B.C. - Zoroaster is Born
600 B.C. - Zoroastrianism Spreads to Iran
539 B.C. - The Persian Empire
330 B.C. - The Fall of the Persian Empire and The Seleucid Dynasty
Seleucus
Alexander III
Zoroaster
Ahura Mazda
The Magi
Cyrus The Great
141 B.C. - Parthian Empire
The Parthians
FESTIVALS
Festivals can be divided into seasonal, monthly and annual festivals
GAHAMBARS
These are six seasonal festivals celebrated to commemorate the six universal creations.
Maidyozarem
MAIDYOI-SHEMA
Paitishahema
Ayathrem
Maidyarem
Hamaspathmaidyem
MONTHLY
Jashan of Asha Vahista
Jashan of Hauravata
Jashan of Ameretat
Jashan of Kshatra Vairya
Jashan of Vohu Manah
Jashan of Aramaiti
224 A.D. - The Sasanian Empire
Sasanian Empire
640 A.D. - The Arab Invasion
936 A.D. - The Parsis
1640-1720 A.D. - Persecution of Zoroastrians
Zoroastrian
1771 A.D. - Abraham Anquetil-Duperron
Abraham Anquetil-Duperron
1979 A.D. - Islamic Republic
Fire
Water
Plants
Metals and Minerals
Animal Creation
Earth

Sacred Texts
AVESTA
The Zoroastrian holy book
"Book of the Law"
GATHAS
The Yasna
Zoroastrian’s principle act of worship.
Primary liturgical collection of the Avestan texts.
The Visperad
“prayer to all patrons”
Has no unity of its own, and never recited separately from the Yasna.
The Vendidad
“Laws against the demons.”
Various manifestations of the evil spirits.
Includes all of the 19th nasks (the only nask that survived its entirety)
The Yashts
A collection of 21 hymns.
All the hymn collection are written to prose but may originally be in the form of verse.
The Siroza
“thirty days”
Exists in 2 forms: little Siroza and great Siroza
It is never recited as a whole.
The Khordeh Avesta
“little Avesta”
Considered as the general prayer book.
Has four groups:
Five introductory chapters
Five “praises”
Five “moments of the day”
Four “blessings”
Sacred poetry towards the worship of one god, Zoroaster (or Zarathustra).
Promotion of social justice and individual choice of good and evil.
Fragments
Afringans
- liturgies of the outer circle.
short dedications to the thirty days of the month
Holy Places
Yearly
Nouruz
-
New year, falls in March 21st
Thanksgiving
- blessings
Khordad Sal
- Birth anniversary of Zoroaster.
fire temple in Iran that was known as chahar-taqi meaning “four directions”
(example of a fire temple in surakhani baku azerbaijian.)
were known as dar-e mehr (in persian, an south iranian language) or agiyari (in Gujarati, a west indian region language).
Beliefs
Rituals
Thank you for listening!
Chahar-Taqi fire temple
Ahura Mazda
Ahura meaning "being" and Mazda meaning "mind"
"Wise Lord"
the one universal, transcendent and supreme God
the creator of only the good
everything he created is pure and should be treated with love and respect
Angra Mainyu
the destructive energy that opposes God's creative energy
the originator of death and all that is evil in the world
Dualism In Zoroastrianism
Cosmic Dualism
ongoing battle between good and evil within the universe
the world has life and death, day and night, good and evil
The existence of, yet complete separation of good and evil
Moral Dualism
the opposition of good and evil in the mind of mankind
has the polarity of happiness and sadness, truth and deception, etc. but there is emphasis on choice
Amesha Spentas
translates to Holy Immortals
helped God fashion the world
each is associated with a particular aspect of creation
there are six Amesha Spentas:
Vohu Manah
Asha Vahishta
Spenta Armaiti
Khshathra Vairya
Haurvatat
Ameretat
Funerals
Fire
Social Practices
Scriptures
Fundamental Moral Practices
neither burial nor cremation were practiced
dead bodies were taken to a Tower of Silence and laid out under the sun, where vultures devoured them
major symbol
physical representation of the illumined mind
places of worship are called Fire Temples
open only to Zoroastrians
born to the faith
called the Avesta and written in Avestan
oldest part of the scriptures are the Gathas
basic moral principles are:
Humata: good thoughts
Hukhata: good words
Hvarshta: good deeds
included in many Zoroastrian prayers
the moral code by which a Zoroastrian lives
1878 A.D. - First Fire Temple is Built in America
Parsee Hill
Fire Temple Structure
A region in Azerbaijian Baku is known for its continuous burning natural gas fires which is a symbol that is important to zoroastrians
Grades Of Fires
Atash Dadgah
Atash Behram
Fire temples are organized and classified by the type of fire that is inside the temple into 3 grades of fires
-Lowest grade of fire
-Dadgah means court in Persian

Atash Adaran
-2nd to the highest grade of fire
-Means fires of fires

-highest grade of fire
-means fire of victory
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