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Transcript of Zoroastrianism
Second most common symbol
Image by goodtextures: http://fav.me/d2he3r8
One of the most common symbol
Can be pronounced as:
World Zoroastrian Organization
Zoroastrian Society of Ontario
1600 B.C. - Zoroaster is Born
600 B.C. - Zoroastrianism Spreads to Iran
539 B.C. - The Persian Empire
330 B.C. - The Fall of the Persian Empire and The Seleucid Dynasty
Cyrus The Great
141 B.C. - Parthian Empire
Festivals can be divided into seasonal, monthly and annual festivals
These are six seasonal festivals celebrated to commemorate the six universal creations.
Jashan of Asha Vahista
Jashan of Hauravata
Jashan of Ameretat
Jashan of Kshatra Vairya
Jashan of Vohu Manah
Jashan of Aramaiti
224 A.D. - The Sasanian Empire
640 A.D. - The Arab Invasion
936 A.D. - The Parsis
1640-1720 A.D. - Persecution of Zoroastrians
1771 A.D. - Abraham Anquetil-Duperron
1979 A.D. - Islamic Republic
Metals and Minerals
The Zoroastrian holy book
"Book of the Law"
Zoroastrian’s principle act of worship.
Primary liturgical collection of the Avestan texts.
“prayer to all patrons”
Has no unity of its own, and never recited separately from the Yasna.
“Laws against the demons.”
Various manifestations of the evil spirits.
Includes all of the 19th nasks (the only nask that survived its entirety)
A collection of 21 hymns.
All the hymn collection are written to prose but may originally be in the form of verse.
Exists in 2 forms: little Siroza and great Siroza
It is never recited as a whole.
The Khordeh Avesta
Considered as the general prayer book.
Has four groups:
Five introductory chapters
Five “moments of the day”
Sacred poetry towards the worship of one god, Zoroaster (or Zarathustra).
Promotion of social justice and individual choice of good and evil.
- liturgies of the outer circle.
short dedications to the thirty days of the month
New year, falls in March 21st
- Birth anniversary of Zoroaster.
fire temple in Iran that was known as chahar-taqi meaning “four directions”
(example of a fire temple in surakhani baku azerbaijian.)
were known as dar-e mehr (in persian, an south iranian language) or agiyari (in Gujarati, a west indian region language).
Thank you for listening!
Chahar-Taqi fire temple
Ahura meaning "being" and Mazda meaning "mind"
the one universal, transcendent and supreme God
the creator of only the good
everything he created is pure and should be treated with love and respect
the destructive energy that opposes God's creative energy
the originator of death and all that is evil in the world
Dualism In Zoroastrianism
ongoing battle between good and evil within the universe
the world has life and death, day and night, good and evil
The existence of, yet complete separation of good and evil
the opposition of good and evil in the mind of mankind
has the polarity of happiness and sadness, truth and deception, etc. but there is emphasis on choice
translates to Holy Immortals
helped God fashion the world
each is associated with a particular aspect of creation
there are six Amesha Spentas:
Fundamental Moral Practices
neither burial nor cremation were practiced
dead bodies were taken to a Tower of Silence and laid out under the sun, where vultures devoured them
physical representation of the illumined mind
places of worship are called Fire Temples
open only to Zoroastrians
born to the faith
called the Avesta and written in Avestan
oldest part of the scriptures are the Gathas
basic moral principles are:
Humata: good thoughts
Hukhata: good words
Hvarshta: good deeds
included in many Zoroastrian prayers
the moral code by which a Zoroastrian lives
1878 A.D. - First Fire Temple is Built in America
Fire Temple Structure
A region in Azerbaijian Baku is known for its continuous burning natural gas fires which is a symbol that is important to zoroastrians
Grades Of Fires
Fire temples are organized and classified by the type of fire that is inside the temple into 3 grades of fires
-Lowest grade of fire
-Dadgah means court in Persian
-2nd to the highest grade of fire
-Means fires of fires
-highest grade of fire
-means fire of victory