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Line in Drawing

Examining how lines can function in drawings.
by

Ellen Mueller

on 19 February 2016

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Transcript of Line in Drawing

LINE
in drawing
Function
of line
Utilitarian
Aesthetic
utilitarian or aesthetic
Ability to describe & inform
- Line can outline, describe configuration, dimensions, proportions, & typography
Rhythmic, choreographic qualities, frozen record of kinetic energy
http://people.eku.edu/ritchisong/554images/Avian_respiratory_system5.gif
Hyman Bloom, "Wrestlers"
Phrasing
of line
Drawing Tool /
Surface
Mimmo Paladino, "Dedalus"
lines cut into linoleum & printed - producing a negative line.
scratching produces a specific line quality
Artist's Intent /
Sensitivity of Artist
This is the strongest
determinant of line quality
Henri Matisse, "Nude in the Studio"
Matisse's line quality is well recognized
Alberto Giacometti, "Standing Female Nude"
Linear Phrase =
a single line's uninterrupted movement from beginning to end
Types of Line Phrase
Outline
Outline is the simplest way to describe/symbolize an object.
It encloses a shape by defining its boundary & separating it from its background
It is usually consistent & continuous in its weight & application.
It looks like one unbroken line phrase.
The 2D drawing surface dominates over any sense of physical 3D reality.
Benny Andrews
"Yeah Yeah"
Broken/Overlapping Outline
It is a series of related line phrases.
gives an illusion of depth.
Pablo Picasso
"Four Dancers"
David Hockney
Hokusai, "Wrestlers"
Modulated Line
aka - lyrical/handwriting
functional & aesthetically pleasing
used in calligraphy where we see a rhythmic manipulation of line
Lines shift from angular to curvilinear, from long smooth phrases to rhythmic modulated, from thick to thin
allows more description & expression.
Rembrandt
"Old Man Leaning on a Stick"
Raoul Dufy,
"The Yellow Violin"
[1949]
Multiple Lines /
Modeling
allows for a sense of movement, or energy
Kristina Havens
Repeating/rephrasing a line gives it more strength and life.
Augustus John
"Two Views of a Female Nude"
Contour Lines
Contour lines suggest physical vitality & dimensionality.
They are spatially descriptive.
Schematic /
Mechanical
These lines are often longitudinal or latitudinal.
Pavel Tchelitchew
"Head VI"
Alberto Giacometti
"Trois Femmes Nues"
Giacometti breaks the body into its underlying geometric structure, composed of multifaceted planes.
Henry Moore
"Row of Sleepers"
Auguste Renoir "The Bathers"
Hatching
aka - structural
Parallel sequential strokes
Raphael
"Five Nude Men"
Constricted /
Aggressive Line
Angular, assertive, might be "ugly," scratchy, tense
Ben Shahn
"Ed Murrow Slaying The Dragon Of McCarthy"
Blurred Line
Smudged, erased, or destroyed in a way that creates an indefinite edge & ambiguous space
Jean Dubuffet
"Subway"
Lines that go across a form showing three dimensionality
Similar to this common "3D hand" activity
https://diannefaw.files.wordpress.com/2013/07/img_0157.jpg .
https://www.artstation.com/artwork/YB1GP .
Andor Kollar
https://www.pinterest.com/pin/62065301087959817/ .
Christina Thurston
Full transcript