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P2MA

Info about the Middle Ages in Recipe Form
by

Sofia H

on 15 April 2011

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Transcript of P2MA

Middle Ages Let's break it down into a R.E.C.I.P.E R=RELIGON In the Medieval times, the feudal system was the system of government. Because of this, many people began to make their own religions. One of the more famous ones were the Celtics (Kel-Tics not Cel-tics), who lived in Ireland. Even with these smaller kingdoms, Christianity and the Roman Catholic church stayed pretty much the same. Islam also stayed as a popular religion. When the Muslims took over the Holy City, Jerusalem, the Christians, spurred on by the pope, marched on to Isreal to take back the city. The two religions fought over the city for roughly 200 years. These wars became known as the Crusades. It went back and forth, but the Muslims finally won the battle. Even though many lives were lost, the arts, science, medicine and trade florished. Many cathedrals were built in Europe for Christians to worship in. Many still exist today. E=Environment In Europe today, temperature varies depending on where you might be. Middle Europe is warm and dry, the coast is warm and moist, and the north is unpredictable. Rivers include the Po in Italy, the Danube in Germany and the Volga running through the Ukraine. Probably the most famous mountains are the Alps, which go through Italy, Switzerland, Austria, Slovenia, Germany and France. The Alps provide even more beauty to an already beautiful countryside of Europe. C=Culture Even though the small kingdoms of the Middle Ages were so close, many had their own languages and thus made it hard to understand others. Some of the main languages of modern Europe are English, French, Italian, and a wide variety of ohters. In terms of games in the Middle Ages, chess was very popular and was a source of gambling. They also played bowling, prisoner's base, blind man's bluff, checkers and backgammon. Kids liked to wrestle and swim. Watching knights joust was also a very popular sport to watch.
If you were able and a boy, you would learn at the Catholic Church under the pope, as decreed by emperor-at-the-time Charlemagne. Grammar, logic, rhetoric, Latin, astronomy and mathmatics were the main focuses of the classes.
Clothing depended on the persons rank in the world. Peasents wore very simple clothes, where nobles wore very ornate clothes. Styles of both men and women changed through out the Middle Ages. I=Inventions There were many inventions of the Middle Ages,
but I will focus on the " top 5" inventions of the Middle Ages.
The heavy plow, invented in the 5th century. This invention helped farmers grow more crops and were better for the tough European soil.
The hourglass, invented in the 9th century. This invention helped people tell time and record how long something takes.
The eyeglasses, invented in the 13th century. This invention helped people who were not able to see by putting in a piece of maginfying glass.
The mechanical clock, invented in the 13th century. This invention helped, like the hourglass to tell time.
The spinning wheel, invented in the 13th century. This invention helped people spin thread to make clothing and blankets. P=Politics During the Middle Ages, many great rulers and some not-so-good rulers came into power. One of the greater rulers was Charles the Great, or Charlemagne. He united Europe after the Roman Empire broke apart. Since many gained more land by war and battles, William the Conqueror was also important because he was the first English king of Noramandy, France. As I mentioned before, the fuedal system was in power. This system gave power mostly to the rich. The rich would give pieces of their land or fiefs to lords, also known as nobles/vassals in exchnge for loyalty and protection. These vassals could then split up their fief and give it knights, who could also protect them. Serfs were also a part of the system. They were the peasents and they worked the land. This system was in control until the end of the Middle Ages. The Magna Carta was an important document made in the Middlle Ages. It was made during the reign of King John, and was made because the nobles thought that the king had too much power. When it was first made, it was only important ot the nobles, but later it became more important with the serfs, too. E=ECONOMY The economy of the Middle Ages was mostly made up of farming, trading, and land. The serfs were the farmers and the crops they grew went to the vassals to give to the highest rank. After the Crusades, many trade routes were opened, which gave merchants a chance to travel safety and bring their goods to kingdoms. Land, in the Middle Ages was more powerful than money. That is way the fuedal system as so important. Classes were also very important. If you were born to a serf family, you would stay a serf and vice versa. The middle class consisted of artisans and merchants. The End


(Black Plaque strikes and kills 1/3-2/3 of Europe 's population.) Thanks For Watching!!!
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