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The Lost Colony

England's first attempt to start a colony in the New World.

Kroy Karate

on 13 October 2010

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Transcript of The Lost Colony

The Lost Colony CROATOAN This impressed Queen Elizabeth, who responded by giving Raleigh the right to claim all land in and around Roanoke and the surrounding mainland. The next year, about 100 men set sail for Roanoke Island. In 1584, British explorers Philip Amadas and Arthur Barlowe at the command of Sir Walter Raleigh spotted Roanoke Island when sailing by it. Impressed by its location and adaptability, they convinced two natives to return to England with them to show the queen. The first group of colonists almost doomed the settlement because they arrived too late to plant crops, making them rely on the ship's supplies. Sir Walter Raleigh Queen Elizabeth I But that wasn't the worst of their problems. Ralph Lane, a captain in the armed forces, was their leader. Lane’s first priority was to build a fort with houses around it, mostly made of wood, not focusing on survival. Being a captain, Lane was running the colony like a tight ship, looking at the situation like a military one. Lane saw the Roanoke natives as enemies, turning even a simple dispute over a cup into the murder of the Roanoke chief, Wingina. Wingina and Other In 1586, Lane and the settlers couldn't take it anymore. When Sir Francis Duke sailed by the island, the colonists begged him to bring them back to England. Sir Francis Duke Drake agreed, leaving the colony abandoned. By: Drew York A supply ship lead by Sir Richard Grenville arrived a week later, finding an abandoned colony. Sir Richard Grenville To keep the colony alive, Grenville ordered 15 of his men to stay behind in an unfamiliar world. Around a year later, Raleigh set up another voyage to give the colony another chance, even though the colonists before hated living there. On July 22th, 1587, 150 colonists, men, women, and children, arrived at the Roanoke colony lead by John White. John White When they searched for the 15 men who stayed behind a few years ago, all they found was human bone, but no one thought the worse of this. As the colonists started settling in, improvements were made to the fort, making it big and better than it was before. Because of Lane and his men, the Native Americans in the area were more hostile towards the new settlers than the first. The only natives that even had one positive thought towards the Englishmen were the Croatoans. A misunderstanding took place between the Roanoke colonists and the Croatoans when the Croatoans accused members of another tribe of killing the 15 men. Out of anger, the colonists attacked the village of Dasamonquepeuc to avenge the death of the 15 men. To help, the Croatoans arrived earlier to help fight, but found that the village was deserted. When the Englishmen arrived, they mistook the Croatoans for the other Indian tribe. Before things could be sorted, some Croatoans were found dead. This made the relationship between the two groups very hostile. Soon after, Eleanor Dare, daughter of Governor John White, gave birth to Virginia Dare, the first English settler born in the New World. Virginia Dare with her parents, Ananais and Eleanor Dare. As August closed, John White and several other sailors returned to England for supplies. For the settlers who stayed behind, their fate is still a mystery. In England, White eagerly raised money for supplies so he could quickly go back to Roanoke. But as he made progress, he realized he couldn’t leave. It was 1588, and the Spanish Armada was closing in on England. The navy was defeated, but the war between England and Spain was not over. White could not leave England because either his men were fighting in the war or could not get a ship. In 1590, White and a few other sailors finally returned to the colony. When they arrived in mid-August, they saw smoke coming from two parts of the island, hoping it was from the settlement. They searched the island on August 16th, but discovered that the smoke was from a forest fire. The next day, seven men drowned, but White and few other men moved on, trying to locate any sign of human life. As the day came to a close, they played familiar English songs on a trumpet, but there was no response. The day after, White found no human life, but did find the letters CRO carved into a tree. They also found the remains of houses and trees that looked as if they were trying to keep attackers out. Carved on another tree was the word... ... indicating that was the location the colonists intended to go. What White did not find was a cross, which was the special sign showing that the colonists were in trouble. When White went to a secret hiding place holding chests and heirlooms, there was nothing left but ruined books, pictures, and maps. Because of the words on the trees and how friendly the Croatoans were towards the settlers, White decided to search the island where the lived. Again, frustration came their way. A powerful storm stopped the ships from even getting close to the island many times and eventually pushed the ship towards England. Because exploration was expensive in those times, neither White or Raleigh had enough money to pay for another voyage. By the time Jamestown was established, the fate of the colonists of Roanoke had been sealed. To this day, the disappearance of Lost Colony still remains a mystery. Theories There are many theories on what happened to the Roanoke colonists. Here are the few that I thought were the most plausible. They Moved in With the Croatoans- Like it said on the trees, it is possible that the colonists moved in with the Croatoans. There have been reports of seeing fair-skinned people on the island. Although there has been no evidence to prove this, the word CROATOAN is the only reliable clue to the vanishing of the colonists of the Lost Colony. They Were Murdered By the Powhatan Indians- In 1607, expeditions were launched to search for the lost colonists. Gathering information from Native American tribes, the Powhatan Indians claimed that the colonists moved to the Chesapeake Bay and were murdered by the Indians. Although no evidence proves this, the lack of evidence makes this possibility very real. They Became the Hatteras Indians- In the early 1700s, naturalist and explorer John Lawson visited Hatteras Island and discovered that the natives there have similar customs that the English have and claim that they had many white relatives. These observations make much sense and supports John White’s beliefs. They Split Up- A new theory was built off of scanty evidence in 1959. Historians believed that instead of all the colonists doing one or the other, they split up and did either two or three of the possible theories. Bibliography
March 10, 2010
March 14, 2010
Tree- http://laracannon.blogspot.com/2009/08/tree-animation-sequence.html
Sir Walter Raleigh- http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Sir_Walter_Raleigh_BAH-p22.png
Queen Elizabeth- http://englishhistory.net/tudor/beeslychapterone.html
Roanoke Fort- http://aphistory2010.yolasite.com/ch1.php
Above: March 19, 2010
Wingina- http://www.lost-colony.com/galleryside.html
Sir Francis Duke- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Francis_Drake
Above: March 22, 2010
Sir Richard Grenville- http://www.elizabethan-era.org.uk/sir-richard-grenville.htm
John White- http://www.northcarolinahistory.org/encyclopedia/25/entry
Dare Family- http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~sharingmyheritage/dare.html
Spanish Armada- http://www.dover-kent.co.uk/people/elizabeth_i.htm
Above: March 24, 2010
Final Picture- http://www.mainlesson.com/display.php?author=evans&book=america&story=colony
Above: March 25, 2010
For more information, go to www.thelostcolony.yolasite.com
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