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Figurative Language - 5th grade Lesson Plan

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Tori Sheets

on 1 May 2016

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Transcript of Figurative Language - 5th grade Lesson Plan

Identifying an Author's Use of Metaphors, Similes, Onomatopoeias, Personification, and Hyperboles!
(Figurative Language)
5th Grade Lesson Plan - Tori Janelle Sheets

What is a simile?
A comparison that DOES use "like" or "as"
the forming of a word (as “buzz” or “hiss”) in imitation of a natural sound.
What is a metaphor?
What is a metaphor?
A comparison that DOES NOT use "like" or "as"!
Let's go on a metaphor hunt!
Underline all the metaphors that you see in this story. Remember that metaphors use words like, "was, were, am, is, are, will be"
Personification is when an author gives an object human characteristics, abilities, or qualities!

What is
a simile?
What is an onomatopoeia?

What is an onomatopoeia?
Find the onomatopoeia!
With your teammates, find an example of an onomatopoeia in these newspaper comics!
The classroom was a zoo!
He is a shining star!
Books are keys to your imagination!
My dog is as smelly
dirty socks!
She was as pretty
a picture!
When you're finished, try to come up with your own metaphor!
Here are some examples:

The stars winked at me!

The angry clouds marched across the sky!

The cupcake was calling to her!
We know that the stars weren't actually winking, the clouds weren't actually marching, and the cupcake wasn't yelling, but personification gives us a great picture in our heads about what is happening, and it is fun to read!
Hyperbole: an exaggeration which may be used for
and humor.
I ate TONS of food!
(a male African elephant can weigh up to 7.5 tons)
I was so hungry I could eat a horse!!

It was so cold I saw polar bears wearing jackets.

What is figurative language?
Figurative Language is...
a word or phrase that does not have its normal everyday, literal meaning.
It is used by the writer for the sake of comparison or dramatic effect. Authors use similes, metaphors, hyperbole, and personification to make their stories more interesting.
Sometimes writers use different methods when they speak in figurative language!
Work with your classmates to complete one of these fill-in-the-blank hyperboles:
1. The books in my backpack _____________
2. I'm so tired I could ___________.
3. My grandpa is older than _________.
4. I waited in the line so long, it felt like ____________.
Work with your classmates to complete one of these fill-in-the-blank hyperboles:
1. The books in my backpack weighed a ton!
2. I'm so tired I could sleep for years!
3. My grandpa is older than a dinosaur!
4. I waited in the line so long, it felt like a lifetime!
April Rain Song by Langston Hughes

Let the rain kiss you
Let the rain beat upon your head with silver liquid drops
Let the rain sing you a lullaby
The rain makes still pools on the sidewalk
The rain makes running pools in the gutter
The rain plays a little sleep song on our roof at night
And I love the rain.
Quick as a Cricket!
Full transcript