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Transcript of Gandhi
Gandhi and how he helped India
His ways of non-violence are...
Why Was Gandhi helping the Indians?
Who is Gandhi?
Gandhi was born on October 2, 1869
His name is Mothamas Gandhi. Also known as Mahatma Gandhi (1869-1948)
Married at age 13 to Kasturba Makhanji (arranged marriage)
A leader of India's independence movement
He organized boycotts against British institutions in peaceful forms of civil disobedience.
Led a hunger strike for the poorest class
Fasted for 21 days
(from Ahmadabad to Arabian Sea)
Not buying English goods (boycott)
Only speaking Hindi
Wore home-woven cloth instead of imported textiles
I. am Gandhi.
Attended the University College London in England
While Gandhi was in London he was very homesick
Studied law and came to advocate rights for the people of India
He extensively read religious books on Hinduism, like the Bhagwat Gita, and the bible from Christianity in South Africa.
He created the concept of satyagraha, a non-violent way of protesting against injustices
Yeah, that`s right,
I am Gandhi
Fought a life long battle for India's independence from Britain, which was accomplished, unfortunately after he died, on August 15, 1948.
Lead 240 mile long Salt March for the people of India - this was so they didn't have to buy salt from Britain anymore
Created a one - man boundary between the Muslims and Hindus when they were at war
The Salt March
March to April 1930 in India
Is a Sanskrit word meaning “clinging to truth.”
A positive and spiritually based form of resistance that starts in the heart of the resister and inevitably produces creative action.
Many Civil Rights leaders used Gandhi's concept of non-violent protest as a model for their own struggles.
Martin Luther King Jr.
Thousands of Indians led by Gandhi marched near Ahmedabad to the Arabian Sea coast.
About 240 miles.
Nearly 60,000 people were arrested including Gandhi.
Salt March. (2014). Retrieved November 19, 2014, from http://www.history.com/topics/salt-march
Mohandas Gandhi. (2014). Retrieved November 19, 2014, from http://www.history.com/topics/mahatma-gandhi
Gandhi's Life - Part 02 - The Progress Report. (2005, February 21). Retrieved November 19, 2014, from http://www.progress.org/biographies/biography-of-gandhi-2-education-in-england/
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. (2014). The Biography.com website. Retrieved 07:53, Nov 18, 2014, from http://www.biography.com/people/mahatma-gandhi-9305898.
Fasted for 21 days in protest of treatment of "Untouchables"
The Salt March
To help India gain their independence from British rule
India starts to boycott all English products and producing their own provisions.
He believed boycotting without violence would only provoke a negative reaction from the British
Gandhi with 1st president of India
Assassination of Gandhi
Gandhi was shot in the chest 2 times by a gun.
He died 2 days after the shot
The murderer was Nathuram Godse, a Hindu fanatic
When he was shot, he just quietly prayed til his death (This also showed non-violence).
How long was the "Salt March" that Gandhi participated in?
For how many days did Gandhi fast in protest?
What does Satyagraha mean?
How old was Gandhi when he got married?
What university did Gandhi attend?
Mahatma Gandhi. (2014). Retrieved November 19, 2014, from http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/mahatma_gandhi.htm
Rosenberg, J. (n.d.). Who Was Gandhi, and How Did He Change History? Retrieved November 19, 2014, from http://history1900s.about.com/od/people/a/gandhi.htm
Who killed Gandhi?
In the video clip, who killed the man's son?
After the Salt March
Satyagraha still continued while Gandhi was in jail.
January 1931: Gandhi was let out of prison
Later Gandhi met with Lord Irwin (viceroy of India)
They agreed to call off the satyagraha in exchange for an equal negotiating role at a London conference on India's future.
Gandhi traveled to the conference as the sole representative of the nationalist Indian National Congress.
Wise words from Gandhi..
GANDHI the movie
A short clip from the movie (said to be the best scene)