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Transcript of Mahatma Ghandi
Ghandi was influenced greatly by his mother who practiced Jainism. Jainism is a form of the Hindu religion in which vegitarinism and
non-violence is very important. Early Life Although he secretly smoked, ate meat, and wore western clothing with his boyhood friends, he carried the guilt of those acts his whole life. He was married at 13, went to law school at 18, and took the bar at 22. Encounters with Racism From 1893 to 1914 Ghandi worked for an Indian firm in South Africa. During this time he faced humiliating and open discrimination. He started protest campaigns and organized demonstrations, but never used violence. His philosophy was to never fight back, but still never retreat. This decreased the hate against him and his fellow believers, and increased the respect shown towards him. Ghandi's Main Vision For everyone - hindues, muslims, sikhs, jews, christians, black, and white - to live together in peace and harmony Ghandi developed his techniques of peaceful resistance in South Africa. When he returned to India he was treated as a national hero and was asked to help with India's fight for freedom from the British. Ghandi's Main Causes and Movements Ghandi started a journey to discover the real India. He wanted to represent the 700,000 small villages of hard working men and women that he felt truely made up India. Ghandi's popularity grew incredibly fast, and the English took notice. Ghandi demanded a decrease on rent paid to English land-owners, freedom to grow crops of their own choice, and the establishment of a part-Indian commission to hear the issues of the Indians. The English accepted thinking it would keep Ghandi quiet. His protests caused Ghandi to be sent to jail several times, but he was always released because of his vow of non-violence. In the town of Armistar in 1919 Ghandi and his supporters were having a peaceful demonstration of non-violence. This massacre created the perfect opportunity for Ghandi to start his fight for India's independence Ghandi's first approach to independence was to apply non-violence and non-cooperation. However, Ghandi halted the movement when a British police officer was killed. He didn't want independence if violence was necessary. He saved thousands of British lives by stopping the movement, but he was still imprisoned for two years. Many thought Ghandi was finished, but he came out of jail with a new vision for India's independece. "100,000 Englishmen cannot control 350 million Indians if these Indians will not cooperate" Ghandi started the Salt Marches to protest the raise in salt taxes. He and supporters would march towards the Indian Sea to extract salt. Ghandi still practiced peaceful resistance. At first the British only arrested demonstrators, but in one march they killed and wounded 100,000 supporters. The little respect the British had in India was completely gone. Ghandi was invited to England to speak about the option of India's Independence. One source said that India is still not technically independant, but they control their own government. Ghandi's Final Struggle The final conflict Ghandi fought was the internal struggle between Muslims and Hindues. Their conflict became a civil war. Millions of men, women, children were being slaughtered. Knowing his importance to the people, Ghandi said he would not eat until the fighting stopped for good. Ghandi's fast stopped the fighting. (Ghandi's fast lasted six days) Ghandi's Death Ghandi was assinated on January 30th, 1948 in Deli. The man who killed him was Hindu fanatic who thought Ghandi was pro Muslim. Throughout his whole life Ghandi fought tirelessly for a better relationship between Hindues and the smaller minorities of India, particulary Muslims. The English had become very afraid of what Ghandi was accomplishing, so to make an example of the supporters, an English General ordered open fire on them. 1,516 demonstraters were killed or wounded, including women and children. Ghandi's Comeback "You must be the change you want to see in the world."
"You must not lose faith in humanity. Humanity is an ocean; if a few drops of the ocean are dirty, the ocean does not become dirty."
"I object to violence because when it appears to do good, the good is only temporary; the evil it does is permanent."
Quotes by Ghandi Bibliography
Ghandi. (2009). [Web]. Retrieved from http://www.redstaplerchronicles.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/01/ghandi.jpg
Massacre at jallianwala bagh. (2009). [Web]. Retrieved from http://www.muthamil.com/2009/images/jallianwala_bagh2.jpghttp://www.muthamil.com/2009/images/jallianwala_bagh2.jpg
Moncur, M. (2007). Quotations by author: Mahatma Ghandi. Retrieved from http://www.quotationspage.com/quotes/Mahatma_Gandhi/
Pool, K. (2003). Ghandi. Retrieved from http://www.freeessays.cc/db/13/ckh105.shtml
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