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Transcript of Catawba
Relationships with other nations/Alliances or land agreements
Use of Natural Resources/ Geograpic
Pardo's expedition during the 1500 and 1600 was the first to mention the Iswa. The Iswa was a branch of what later became known as the Catawba.
The Catawba name came from ¨Katapu¨, which means "fork in a river." The Catawbas called themselves Ye Iswa, which means "river people."
Most Catawbas are from North and South Carolina. Most still live in South Carolina. Many were forced to move to Oklahoma with the Cherokes in th 1800´s
Today, most Catawbas speak English, but they used to speak their native Catawba language.
Relations between the Native Americans and European settlers
Contact with English traders and colonists spread disease among the Catawba Indians and other Native American tribes in the Carolinas. Epidemics of European diseases decimated populations of Native American tribes in the Carolinas. Diseases killed off most of the elderly. Trade brought change to both the Catawba tribe and the English. To Native Americans, trade was not only economical but a sign of friendship. English traders learned to speak Catawba and learned the Native American customs.
Methods of Hunting and Fishing
The Catawba Indian Nation is one of the few Southeastern Indian tribes to retain its ancient form of government. The Catawba, from the most ancient of times, have been ruled by its General Tribal Council. This group is most akin to the ancient Greek democracy. Today the Catawba General Council from ancient times has been so democratic to include women in its ranks. Today the General Council consists of all enrolled Catawba men and women over the age of eighteen. When in session, the General Council governs the Nation by passing resolutions, approving tribal actions, and in general tending to all tribal business.
They Used their Natural Resources to
Houses, Fires, Beds, etc.
Pots, Pans, Art
Turtle Shell Rattles, Drums.
Clothing, Jewelry, Hair accessories, Instruments
Spears- Tips were made out of Quartz Crystal
They wore deerskins. The men wore loin cloths around their middle.
The women had dresses made out of different skins. Sometimes they had bikinis made out of the
Some Catawbas used catalpa caterpillar to used to get the fish. Catalpa is a tree´s leaves or bark that the caterpillars eat. Fish loves the catalpa so they used the catalpa caterpillars to used for fish bait.
They also used fish weir. the fish weir was an ancient type of fish trap. It´s also technology used by other Native Americans to catch fish to trade and to feed their families and others.
Beneficial trade relations made the Catawba ally with the English against the Tuscarora in 1711
In 1715 abuses by the colonist traders led to the Catawba joining the Yemassee, Creeks, and others in a war against Sc
In the treaty of Pine Tree Hill of 1760, Chief Hagler skillfully negotiated and was able to get two million acres of Catawba land
In exchange for Catawba land, SC promised to stop white settlers from using Catawba land.
Later the Treaty of August was signed, the Catawba's surrendered more land
They would sublease the land to other settlers
Thomas Spratt was the first to lease from the Catawba's
Spratt witnessed land leases to make sure the Catawba weren’t cheated by whites
During the American Revolution the Catawba's joined Thomas Sumter’s colonial army
They would always make time in their day to worship their many gods. They were polytheistic.
They had their ceremonies where they would sing and make music. They had pot drums and turtle shell rattles.
The women would always have a meal ready for the children and husband.
It was the woman's job to care for the children. Much similar to the housewives of today.
Men went hunting. This was mainly a daily things, but could have been a weekly thing.
Children back those days did some of the same things we did, such as go to school, play with friends, and help out around the house.
Lived on the border of north and south Carolina