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Phases of Group Socialization

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Cliff Smith

on 26 February 2015

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Transcript of Phases of Group Socialization

HRDV 5560
Group Development and Change
Webster University Online

Team One

Pauline Thompson - Project Lead
Annie Foskey - Support
Shekelia Joyner - Support
Shawnta Ricketts - Support
Cliff Smith - Support
Phases of Group Socialization
I wonder if I'll fit in?
1. Evaluation
2. Commitment
3. Role Transition

Three Phases of Group Socialization (Thompson)
Evaluation
"Teams evaluate individual members, and individual members evaluate teams."
Commitment
- When a person has 'enduring adherence' to the team" and vice-versa.
Role Transition...
...is the progression of membership stages a person can go through in a group or team.
Phases of Socialization (Thompson)
Positive Evaluation - When members contribute "to the collective."
- Key factor affecting commitment -
"
available alternatives to the individual and the team.
"
We're here, now how do we get along?
Group Development & Change
By: Group #1

Phases of Group Socialization

What is Socialization?

A continuing process whereby an individual 
acquires a personal identity and learns the norms, values, behavior, and 
social skills appropriate to his or her social position (Dictionary.com)

Goal of Socialization

Teaches impulse control and helps individuals develop a conscience.
Teaches individuals how to prepare and perform certain social roles.
People learn to identify what is important and valued in a particular culture.

Why do individuals join groups?

Attraction Theory – people like or are attracted to others that are similar rather than dissimilar. (Ex. Birds of a feather flock together)
Interpersonal Communication Motives – Why people interact, by means they interact, by whom they interact is identified by 6 motives (Inclusion, affection, control, escape, pleasure and relaxation).
Lack of volition – you have no choice (Ex. You join the workforce you will more than likely be asked to join a task group.)

References

http://www.sagepub.com/upm-data/18525_chapter2.pdf
http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/socialization




So, What are the three phases of group socialization
(according to Thompson)?
Evaluation,
Commitment, and
Role Transition

Group Development & Change
By: Group #1

Phases of Group Socialization

What is Socialization?

A continuing process whereby an individual 
acquires a personal identity and learns the norms, values, behavior, and 
social skills appropriate to his or her social position (Dictionary.com)

Goals of Socialization

Teaches impulse control and helps individuals develop a conscience.
Teaches individuals how to prepare and perform certain social roles.
People learn to identify what is important and valued in a particular culture.

Why do individuals join groups?

References

http://www.sagepub.com/upm-data/18525_chapter2.pdf

http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/socialization
1 - Attraction Theory
2 - Interpersonal Communication Motives
3 - Lack of Volition
Attraction Theory
- People like, or are attracted to others that are similar, rather than dissimilar. (Ex. Birds of a feather flock together.)
Interpersonal Communication Motives
- Why people interact, by means they interact, by whom they interact is identified by
6 motives
:
Inclusion
,
affection
,
control
,
escape
,
pleasure
, and
relaxation
.
Lack of Volition
- You have no choice -
(Ex. you join the workforce - you will more than likely be asked to join a task group).
Socialization Process
Anticipatory
In this phase, members of the group explains what the expectations are of the entire team, whether it is individually or collectively. We find that in this process, especially with people that have never been a part of team work; unrealistic expectations are set and as a result, stressful situations takes place.

The most important part of this level is setting realistic expectations for the entire group.

Antecedent
This is considered the first phase. In this phase, group members express their feelings towards working in a group. Their very own personal experiences in controls their attitudes whether it is good or bad. If they had a positive experience, they would more likely enter the group with a positive one however, if their previous experience was not good, they may come into the group with a negative attitude.

Their feelings coming in could very well determine how well they participate or support the mission of the assignment.

Encounter
In this phase, goals are established normally by face-to-face interaction. It is very important in this phase that all communication is done by sharing, requesting, and receiving information. A lot of information is put out in this phase. If everyone is not available for the face-to-face interaction, they schedule meeting via teleconference. “Members' expectations meet with the actual behaviors and member and group goals become negotiated.”


It is so important that everyone role’s is established and clearly defined especially the leader. In this phase roles are established.

EXIT
The 'Last' Phase
In this last phase members leave or
“Exit
” the group. The task has been accomplished, and they are
now ready to disband
. This can sometimes be a hard task because members of the group has become used to being together and they may have a difficult time adapting to the next. In this phase, it is important for the team to come together one last time to evaluate their overall effectiveness. This is very important for teams that experienced conflicts among each other because it allows them to possibly iron their differences, so that there aren’t any negative thoughts and opinions leaving the group. If this happens, socialization becomes a challenge to that individual whenever they are a part of another group project.

You want to always leave the group on a positive note, because it can contribute greatly to future endeavors.

Assimilation
In this phase, the members of the group are actually working and have found a good fit. When the group or team has reached this phase, they feel a sense of belonging. The are comfortable. “Successful assimilation occurs when each member sees his values and interests coinciding with those of the group.” The team begins to gel at this point and they make any necessary accommodations to ensure everyone’s roles, or should I say input is included in the decision process. They continue to build on relationships and accomplish tasks.

The team at this stage has reached a comfortable position with each other.


The Socialization Process
This example of 'socialization' is from the movie "Mean Girls" where Lindsay Lohan's character is outside of a group - but later wants to be a part of the group.
That's correct!
That's correct!
What does our text and author (Thompson) say about socialization?
How do roles change in groups?
Overview
Team One Introduction
Presentation Introduction
Definition & Goal of Socialization
Why Do People Join Groups?
Text Definition and Phases of Socialization
Role Transition in Groups
The Socialization Process
Summary
References
Team One Project

Phases of Group Socialization
Team one presented information on
Socialization

- Definition and Goals

- Reasons why people join groups

- The Socialization Process to include: Antecedent, Anticipatory, Encounter, Assimilate, and Exit

- Three phases of Socialization: Evaluate, Commitment, and Role Transition

- Group stages of transition
Summary
For our last information slide, lets see what Role Transition in Groups Looks like.

Be on the lookout for how the role changes and the final stage!
...They worked it out!
Organizational Entry: Onboarding, Orientation And Socialization. (n.d.). Retrieved from
http://www.shrm.org/research/articles/articles/pages/
organizationalentryonboarding,orientationandsocialization.aspx

Thompson, L. (2014). Making the team: A guide for managers (5th
ed.) Upper Saddle River: Pearson Education.

Information retrieved from
http://www.sagepub.com/upm-data/18525_chapter2.pdf

Information retrieved from
http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/socialization

References
Webster University
Thanks for your time!
In this clip from the movie, "Mean Girls",
the lead character (LiLo) is practicing socializing
- she is in a school for the first time.
Often, socializing is met with challenges and
takes a bit more effort!
Full transcript