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COPD

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
by

Keila Vieyra

on 19 April 2011

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Transcript of COPD

COPD Chronic Obstructive
PUlmonary Disease What is COPD? Its any disorder that hinders or prevents the air way of your lungs. Thus causing an increase in the dificult of breathing. Two main disorders associated with COPD is chronic bronchitis and emphysema. 1. Chronic Bronchitis – Inflammation of the bronchial tube. The inflammation produces a lot of mucos making it harder to breath.
2. Emphysema- prevents oxyegen from the lungs to reach the blood stream and destruction of the elastic fibers can colapse when you breath out thus preventing air from leaving your lungs.
What causes COPD? Smoking is the leading cause of COPD.
Exposure to chemicals or fumes/ gases
Exposure to an enormous amount of secondhand smoke or pollution
Exposure to frequent amount of cooking gas without proper ventilation
In some rare cases it is found that people that lack alpha-1 antitrypsin protein can develop emphesyma
What are the early signs of COPD? Chronic cough
Chest tightness
Wheezing
Shortness of breath
Cough with mucous ( especially discolored mucus)
Fatigue
Frequent respiratory infections
80% of all COPD cases are smokers.
Smokers are more likely to contract COPD
Common in males over the age of 40 but some signs may appear as soon as 30.
But there is an increaseing number of female cases.
Who is most likely at risk for COPD? What are the late complications of COPD if not treated correctly? -Development of lung infections which result in pneumonia and/or influenza, this leads to lung damage.
-High blood pressure in pulmonary arteries (pulmonary hypertension)
-Increased risk in heart diseases, including heart attacks
-Depression may occur as a result of a limited ability to work and participate in social activities.
- Problems with weight and sleeping What are the diagnostic methods used to correctly identify COPD? -A simple test called Spirometry can help uncover the condition in its earliest and most treatable stages.
-Spirometry is the classic pulmonary function test, which measures the volume of air inspired or expired as a function of time.
-A simple test called Spirometry can help uncover the condition in its earliest and most treatable stages.
-Spirometry is the classic pulmonary function test, which measures the volume of air inspired or expired as a function of time.
What are the preventative measures for COPD? - Not smoking can prevent COPD--This is because a chemical in smoke stimulates inflammation in the lungs.
- Avoid second hand smoking
- Take care to protect yourself against chemicals, dust and fumes in your home and at work.
- Avoid areas that contain pollutants/irritants.
-Maintain a healthy diet and drink plenty of water.
What are the treatments of the disease? - First and foremost quit smoking, this can slow the progression of the disease.
- Therapy and drugs may be necessary in quitting smoking.
- Antimicrobials- Those who have infection associated with COPD are commonly treated with antimicrobials.
 -Tetracyclines
 -Ampicillin
 -Amoxicillin
 -Bactrim -Bronchodilators -Drugs in this class relax the airway wall muscles allowing you to breathe better.
-Albuterol
-Atrovent
-Combivent
-Spiriva
-Terbutaline
-Theophylline
-Xopenex


-Corticosteroids
-Potential dangerous side affecds
-Beneficial in the management of acute exacerbation of COPD as they shorten recovery time, improve lung function,and hypoxemia. They may also decrease the possibility of early relapse, treatment failure and length of hospital stay.

-Flovent
-Solumedrol
-Prednisone
Are there any preventative measures that can be taken to prevent COPD? - Not smoking can prevent COPD
- Avoid second hand smoking
-Take care to protect yourself against chemicals, dust and fumes in your home and at work.
-Avoid areas that are polluted or contain irritants
-Maintain a healthy diet "Preventing COPD - HealthiNation.com." HealthiNation - Independent, Interactive Videos to Get You Talking about Your Health - HealthiNation.com. Web. 15 Apr. 2011. <http://www.healthination.com/Videos/COPD/Preventing-COPD>.

"Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)treatments." National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. Web. 15 Apr. 2011. <http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/dci/Diseases/Copd/Copd_Treatments.html>.

"Spirometry." Untitled Document. Web. 15 Apr. 2011. <http://oac.med.jhmi.edu/res_phys/Encyclopedia/Spirometry/Spirometry.HTML>.

"COPD Complications: Pneumonia, Exacerbation, Heart Failure, and More." WebMD - Better Information. Better Health. Web. 15 Apr. 2011. <http://www.webmd.com/lung/copd/tc/chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-copd-ongoing-concerns>.



Works Cited Pulmonary Rehabilitation
-Through assessment, exercise, education and psychological support, pulmonary rehabilitation can help reduce COPD symptoms, increase participation in daily activities and reduce overall health care costs in the COPD population.
-Helps you cope with the disease by treating all aspects of the disease from a physical, psychological and social standpoint. Oxygen Therapy
-Oxygen therapy not only increases survival rates in patients with COPD, but it may help alleviate symptoms and improve your quality of life.
Surgery
-In severe cases
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