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Plant I.D Project

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Cody Le

on 18 November 2013

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Transcript of Plant I.D Project

Plant I.D Project
By Cody Le , Han Woods , Anders Jacobsen
Sphagnum Moss

Sphagnum squarrosum

Ferns / Tracheophta
Phylum Bryophyta

Sword Fern / Polystichum munitum

Bracken Fern / Pteridium aquilinum
Spiny Wood Fern/ Dryopteris expansa


Salmonberry / Rubus spectabilis
Salal / Gautheria shallon
Herb-Robert / Geranium robertianum
Labrador Tea / Ledum groenlandicum
Douglas Fir
Pseudotsuga menziesii
Western Redcedar
Thuja Plicata
Western Hemlock
Tsuga heterophylla
Sphagnum moss is a genus of 120 species of mosses. It can store water whether it is dead or alive in fact it can hold up to 16-26 times as much water as its dry weight. dead dried sphagnum can be uses as a soil conditioner which helps the soil hold more water. Some people in the arctic use dry sphagnum as insulator as well.
One danger of this moss is it contains a harbour causing a chronic disease sporotrichosis.
This fern is an evergreen fern native to western North America, and it is one of the most abundant of ferns.
The fronds can grow to be anywhere from 50 to 180 cm. they are single pinnate and each pinnate can be up to 15 cm long.
Sword ferns usually grow at low altitude in coniferous forests and it grows best in well-drained acidic soil.
one of the uses of this fern is to relieve the pain of the stinging nettle.
It is also commonly used as a ornamental plant by florists.
Bracken can be considered one of the most successful ferns.
the frond of this fern can grow up to 2.5 meters but are usually 0.6 to 2 meters in height.
it is referred to as the moorland scrub in north England and it is one of the oldest ferns with some fossils recorded from over 55 million years ago.
Bracken fiddle heads were and are eaten by a bunch of cultures and are used mainly today for foodstuff. You can also use bracken to brew beer and sometimes used to cover baskets to keep the stuff inside fresh.
This type of fern is native to temperate and subarctic regions of the northern hemisphere.
The frond grows anywhere from 10-60 cm.
It is usually confused with the Broad Buckler Fern the main difference is the size of the stock



sphagnum moss sporophyte generation
Salmonberry is a type of rubus that is found on the west coast.
This shrub grows anywhere between 1-4 meters tall. The leaves are trifoliates that grow to be 7-22 cm long.
The salmonberries are edible and are almost the same in shape and size as a raspberry.
One of the main uses of this shrub is oriental because of its flowers.

This plant grows anywhere from 0.2 to 5 meters tall. The leaves are 5 to 10 cm in length.
The salal can grow in sunny or shady areas at low and moderate levels, and just like other plants in this project it grows at coastal areas mainly on the west coast.
This plant is also used as an anti-flammatory and anti cramping.
this plant can grow at an elevation of 1,500 meters. It grows small pink flowers that are a centimeter in diameter that grow from April to Autumn. This plant was introduced to the west coast from Great Britain.
This plant can also be used to fix toothaches and nosebleeds.
this plant can grow at an elevation of 1,500 meters. It grows small pink flowers that are a centimeter in diameter that grow from April to Autumn. This plant was introduced to the west coast from Great Britan.
This plant can also be used to fix toothaches and nosebleeds.


Sphagnum moss gametophyte generation
___ Leaves
Salmon berry leaf

a Salmon berry bushes prick covered stem
Labrador Tea is actually a tisane so it isn't a true tea. There are three types of Labrador tea:
northern,western and bog. All three are wetland plants and are in the heath family.
You can use all three of these teas as drinking tea or some people chew them raw. You can also use it to spice meat.
This tea actually has narcotic properties and too much consumption can cause delirium or poisoning.
part of a Salal bush
douglas fir is also known as Oregon pine or Douglas Spruce. this tree grows on the west coast from bc to California. This tree is normally 60-75 meters tall but can grow to be 120 meters tall.
The bark is smooth and gray and has resin blisters.
the wood is commonly used for plywood and was used a lot in the building of the transcanada railway



Dicot leaves are netlike
The western redcedar is among the most widespread trees in the pacific northwest. and usually grows with the Douglas fir and western hemlock.
The trees range from 60-75 meters in height and are 3-4 meters in diameter.
the leaves are apparently quite aromatic if crushed and smell like pineapple.
One interesting fact is the totem poles in Stanley park are made out of these redcedars.

a leaf from a Salal plant
Photosynthetic Parts
a Herb-Robert bush and flower
Flowering buds-
Labrador tea bush
The western hemlock grows 50-70 meters tall with a diameter of around 2.7 meters. Its the largest of the hemlocks.
the leaves are needle like things and they are 5-27 mm in length.
they are found all down the west coast of North America and only really grow up to 600 m off sea level.
The leaves of this tree can be chewed raw or made into a bitter tea.
Labrador tea stem
a male Douglas Fir cone
a female Douglas fir cone
Douglas fir needles
Douglas fir bark
Western Redcedar bark
western Redcedar needles
Jim Pojar Andy MacKinnon
Plants of Coastal British Columbia
western Redcedar male cone
western Redcedar female cone
western Hemlock bark
White Spruce is a tree native to boreal forests in North America.
It is a large coniferous evergreen tree which normally grows to a size of 15 to 30 meters, But can grow up to 40 meters.
They normally grow in well drained soils but it can grow in glacial soil. The pH value of the soil has to be between 4.7-7.0.

western Hemlock needles
western Hemlock male cones
western Hemlock female cones
White Spruce bark
White Spruce needles
White Spruce male cones
White Spruce / Picea Glauca
White Spruce female cones
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