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The Unirnary System

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Kayla Crawford

on 29 February 2016

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Transcript of The Unirnary System

The Unirnary System
Vocabulary
Nephron-
functional part of kidney, which filters waste.
Mechanism-
series of steps that achieve a result
Obstruction-
blockage or clogging
Dialysis-
process of removing waste from body fluids
Infuses-
flows into body by gravity
Peritoneal Cavity-
area containing the liver, stomach, intestines, kidneys, urinary bladder, and reproductive organs.
Edema-
swelling or abnormal collection of fluid.
Disorders of the Urinary System
Nephritis- inflammation if kidney due to infection. Symptoms include a collection of fluid in the tissues that causes swelling. Treat with medication or have a surgery to remove kidney.
Kidney failure- nephron of kidney is unable to filter liquid waste from the blood. Fatigue, mental dullness, absense of urination, convulsions, GI bleeding, and malnutrition can occur.
Medical Termonology
Calculi- stones
Glycouria- sugar in urine
Nephralgia- renal pain
Renal- pertaining to the kidney
Test time!
1.) What is Malignant tissue?
What is the Urinary System?
The Urinary System maintains water balance and flushes wastes out of the body. It also rids the body of liquid waste and assists in the regulation of water and chemical formula.
*The Urinary System includes two kidneys.*
*Three functions of the Urinary System*
Excretion of urine, a liquid waste produced in the body.
Maintenance of water balance; water balance occurs when the intake of water equals the output of water.
Regulation of the chemical balance or acid-base balance of the body; the body must maintain a balance of acids and bases in order to function properly.
Structure of the Urinary System
Capsule-
sac surrounding the kidney
Cortex-
outer part of kidney
Medulla-
inner part of kidney
*Nephron- the chief filtering mechanism of the kidney, part of the nephron is in the cortex and part is in the medulla.
It is made up of: a tiny twisted tube called convoluted tube, a cuplike capsule called bowman's capsule, and a cluster of calpillaries in bowman's caps called glomerulus.
Ureters-
tubes that carry urine from kidneys to urinary bladder.
Urinary bladder-
muscular sac that expands to hold urine.
Urethra-
tube extending from urinary bladder to outside of the body. it allows excretion of urine.
Others include Cystitis, Hydronephritis, Renal calculi, and Urema.
The Kidney
2.) What are the three functions of the Urinary System?


4.) How many kidneys does the human body have?
5.) List three diseases of the Respiratory System.
6.) What is glycouria?
7.) What does EENT stand for?
8.) What is the purpose of the Nephron?
3.) What is the difference between inspiration and expiration?
9.) Nostrils could also be called what?
10.) Name one job involving the Urinary System.
*Jobs involving the Urinary System*
Urologist- speacilizing in issues realted to male and female urinary tracts
Neprologist- speacializes in the treatment of patients with kidney disease and kidney failure.
Dialysis Tech- primary caregiver for patients who are undergoing dialysis.
Answers
1.) Cancerous tissue
2.) Excretion of urine, maintenance of water balance, and regulation of the chemical balance.
3.) Inspiration- when air is pulled through mouth and nose. Expiration- forcing air out.
4.) 2
5.) Asthema, COPD, Common cold, Lung cancer, Pneumonia, Emphysema, Tuberculosis, or URI.
6.) Sugar in urine
7.) Ear, Eyes, Nose and Throat.
8.) Filters liquid waste
9.) Nasal
10.) Urologist, Nephrologist, or Dialysis tech.
Did you know?
In 24 hours your body can make 1.5 liters of urine.
All the blood in your body is filtered 400 times through the kidneys every day.
The kidney can clean more than 1 million gallons of water in a lifetime, which is more than enough to fill a small lake.
*
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