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Terrorism

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by

Sharaya Dunwell

on 19 March 2013

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Transcript of Terrorism

Terrorism Iraq Pakistan US Interest India India is a less developed country with a Republic government.

Major imports: China (12.1%), UAE (8.3%), Saudi Arabia (5.8%), US (5.1%), Switzerland (4.7%)

Major exports: UAE (13%), US (11.4%), China (6.3%), Singapore (5.3%)

GDP: $1.779 trillion as of 2011 Afghanistan Sudan The US has taken more of an interest to this issue since the incident of 9/11.
Since then the US has taken more precautions to prevent potential terrorists from entering the US. Sudan is a less developed nation with a Republic government.

Major imports: China (37%), Egypt (11%),Germany (6%), Kenya (5%), United Kingdom (4%)

Major exports: China (71%), Japan (13%), India (5%), Saudi Arabia (3%), Ethiopia (1%)

GDP: $55.1 Billion US dollars as of 2011 Afghanistan is a less developed nation with a Republic government.

Major imports: Pakistan (36%), US (9.3%), Germany (7.5%)

Major exports: India (23.5%), Pakistan (17.7%), US (16.5%)

GDP: $20.34 billion as of 2011 Pakistan is a less developed country with a Republic government.

Major imports: China (17.9%), Saudi Arabia (11.2%), UAE (11.1%), Kuwait (5.8%), Malaysia (5.7%), India (4.9%), US (4.3%)

Major exports: US (14.3%), UAE (7.7%), Afghanistan (7.6%), China (7.6%), Germany (5%), UK (4.1%)

GDP: $233.476 billion as of 2010 Iraq is a less developed country with a Republic government.

Major imports: Turkey (25%), Syria (18.1%), China (11.5%), US (7.3%), South Korea (4.6%)

Major exports: US (23.3%), India (19.2%), China (14%), South Korea (12.2%), Japan (5%), Netherlands (4.5%)

GDP: $144.214 billion as of 2010 KATHERINE IS ACTUALLY AWESOME 1998 - US launches missile strikes at suspected bases of militant Osama bin Laden, accused of bombing US embassies in Africa.

2001 October - US-led bombing of Afghanistan begins following the September 11 attacks on the United States. Anti-Taliban Northern Alliance forces enter Kabul shortly afterwards.

2008 July - Suicide bomb attack on Indian embassy in Kabul kills more than 50.

2009 December - An Al-Qaeda double agent kills seven CIA agents in a suicide attack on a US base in Khost.

2013 February - President Karzai and Pakistan's Asif Ali Zardari agree to work for an Afghan peace deal within six months after talks hosted by Britain's Prime Minister David Cameron. They back the opening of an Afghan office in Doha and urge the Taliban to do the same for talks to take place. 1998 - US launches missile attack on a pharmaceutical plant in Khartoum, alleging
that it was making materials for chemical weapons.

2006 May - Khartoum government and the main rebel faction in Darfur, the Sudan Liberation Movement, sign a peace accord. Two smaller rebel groups reject the deal. Fighting continues.

Hundreds are thought to have died in the heaviest fighting between northern Sudanese forces and their former southern rebel foes since they signed a peace deal last year. Fighting is centred on the southern town of Malakal.

2008 January - UN takes over Darfur peace force. Government planes bomb rebel positions in West Darfur, turning some areas into no-go zones for aid workers.

2011 May - Northern troops overrun town of Abyei on disputed border between north and south. South describes it as ''act of war''. Thousands flee.

2011 November - Sudan accused of bombing refugee camp in Yida, Unity State, South Sudan. Sudan Chronology Afganistan Chronology 1990 - Iraq invades Kuwait, prompting what becomes known as the first Gulf War. A massive US-led military campaign forces Iraq to withdraw in February 1991.
1991 April - Iraq subjected to weapons inspection programme.
1991 Mid-March/early April - Southern Shia and northern Kurdish populations - encouraged by Iraq's defeat in Kuwait - rebel, prompting a brutal crackdown.
1991 Gulf War Iraq's army was crushed in 1991 Gulf War that followed the invasion of Kuwait
1991: Jubilation follows Gulf War ceasefire
1991 April - UN-approved safe-haven established in northern Iraq to protect the Kurds. Iraq ordered to end all military activity in the area.
1993 June - US forces launch a cruise missile attack on Iraqi intelligence headquarters in Baghdad in retaliation for the attempted assassination of US President George Bush in Kuwait in April.
1995 April - UNSC Resolution 986 allows the partial resumption of Iraq's oil exports to buy food and medicine (the "oil-for-food programme").
1995 October - Saddam Hussein wins a referendum allowing him to remain president for another seven years.
1998 October - Iraq ends cooperation with UN Special Commission to Oversee the Destruction of Iraq's Weapons of Mass Destruction (Unisom).
1998 December - After UN staffs are evacuated from Baghdad, the US and UK launches a bombing campaign, "Operation Desert Fox", to destroy Iraq's nuclear, chemical and biological weapons programmes.
1999 February - Grand Ayatollah Sayyid Muhammad Sadiq al-Sadr, spiritual leader of the Shia community, is assassinated in Najaf.
2001 February - Britain, US carry out bombing raids to try to disable Iraq's air defense network. The bombings have little international support.
2002 September - US President George W Bush tells skeptical world leaders at a UN General to confront the "grave and gathering danger" of Iraq - or stand aside as the US acts. In the same month British Prime Minister Tony Blair publishes a ''dodgy'' dossier on Iraq's military capability.
2003 March - UK's ambassador to the UN says the diplomatic process on Iraq has ended; arms inspectors evacuate; US President George W Bush gives Saddam Hussein and his sons 48 hours to leave Iraq or face war.

2003 March - US-led invasion topples Saddam Hussein's government, marks start of years of violent conflict with different groups competing for power.
Car bomb in Najaf kills 125 including Shia leader Ayatollah Mohammed Baqr al-Hakim.
2003 14 December - Saddam Hussein captured in Tikrit.
2004 March - Suicide bombers attack Shia festival-goers in Karbala and Baghdad, killing 140 people.
Jordanian-born Abu Musab al-Zarqawi made Al-Qaeda in Iraq the most feared insurgent group
February - At least 114 people are killed by a car bomb in Hilla, south of Baghdad, in the worst single such incident since the US-led invasion.
2005 May onwards - Surge in car bombings, bomb explosions and shootings: Iraqi ministries put the civilian death toll for May at 672, up from 364 in April.
2005 October - Voters approve a new constitution, which aims to create an Islamic federal democracy.
2005 December - Iraqis vote for the first, full-term government and parliament since the US-led invasion.
2006 February onwards - A bomb attack on an important Shia shrine in Samarra unleashes a wave of sectarian violence in which hundreds of people are killed.
2006 May and June - An average of more than 100 civilians per day are killed in violence in Iraq, the UN says.
2006 7 June - Al-Qaeda leader in Iraq, Abu Musab al-Zarqawi, is killed in an air strike.
2006 November - Iraq and Syria restore diplomatic relations after nearly a quarter century.
More than 200 die in car bombings in the mostly Shia area of Sadr City in Baghdad, in the worst attack on the capital since the US-led invasion of 2003.
2006 December - Saddam Hussein is executed for crimes against humanity.
2007 January - US President Bush announces a new Iraq strategy; thousands more US troops will be dispatched to shore up security in Baghdad.
UN says more than 34,000 civilians were killed in violence during 2006; the figure surpasses official Iraqi estimates threefold.
2007 February - A bomb in Baghdad's Sadriya market kills more than 130 people. It is the worst single bombing since 2003.
2007 April - Bombings in Baghdad kill nearly 200 people in the worst day of violence since a US-led security drive began in the capital in February.
2007 August - Truck and car bombs hit two villages of Yazidi Kurds, killing at least 250 people - the deadliest attack since 2003.
2007 December - Britain hands over security of Basra province to Iraqi forces, effectively marking the end of nearly five years of British control of southern Iraq.
Prime Minister Maliki orders crackdown on militia in Basra, sparking pitched battles with Moqtada Sadr's Mehdi Army. Hundreds are killed.
Iraqi parliament passes provincial elections law. Issue of contested city of Kirkuk is set aside so elections can go ahead elsewhere.

Security pact approved
2008 November - Parliament approves a security pact with the United States under which all US troops are due to leave the country by the end of 2011.

Continue reading the main story
Muqtada al-Sadr


Radical Shia cleric Muqtada al-Sadr has gained influence since the end of the US invasion

Iraqi fears of new Sadrist power
Profile: Moqtada Sadr
2009 January - Iraq takes control of security in Baghdad's fortified Green Zone and assumes more powers over foreign troops based in the country. PM Nouri al-Maliki welcomes the move as Iraq's "day of sovereignty".

2009 March - US President Barack Obama announces withdrawal of most US troops by end of August 2010. Up to 50,000 of 142,000 troops now there will stay on into 2011 to advise Iraqi forces and protect US interests, leaving by end of 2011.

2009 June - US troops withdraw from towns and cities in Iraq, six years after the invasion, having formally handed over security duties to new Iraqi forces.

New political groupings
2009 July - New opposition forces make strong gains in elections to the regional parliament of Kurdistan, but the governing KDP and PUK alliance retains a reduced majority. Masoud Barzani (KDP) is re-elected in the presidential election.

2009 October - Two car bombs near the Green Zone in Baghdad kill at least 155 people, in Iraq's deadliest attack since April 2007.

2009 December - The al-Qaeda-linked Islamic State of Iraq claims responsibility for suicide bombings in Baghdad that kill at least 127 people, as well as attacks in August and October that killed 240 people.

Tension flares with Tehran as Iranian troops briefly occupy an oilfield in Iraqi territory.

2010 January - Controversy as candidates with alleged links to Baath Party are banned from March parliamentary polls. A court later lifts the ban, prompting a delay in campaigning.

"Chemical" Ali Hassan al-Majid, a key figure in Saddam Hussein's government, is executed.

Inconclusive elections
2010 March - Parliamentary elections. Nine months pass before a new government is approved.

Continue reading the main story
Fractious politics


A complex political landscape has come into being since the fall of Saddam Hussein

Guide to political groups in Iraq
2010 August - Seven years after the US-led invasion, the last US combat brigade leaves Iraq.

2010 September - Syria and Iraq restore diplomatic ties a year after breaking them off.

2010 October - Church in Baghdad seized by militants. 52 people killed in what is described as worst single disaster to hit Iraq's Christians in modern times.

2010 November/December - Parliament reconvenes after long delay, re-appoints Jalal Talabani as president and Nouri al-Maliki as prime minister. A new government includes all major factions.

2011 January - Radical Shia cleric Moqtada Sadr returns after four years of self-imposed exile in Iran.

2011 February - Oil exports from Iraqi Kurdistan resume, amid a lengthy dispute between the region and the central government over contracts with foreign firms.

2011 April - Army raids camp of Iranian exiles, killing 34. Government says it will shut Camp Ashraf, home to thousands of members of the People's Mujahedeen of Iran.
2011 August - Violence escalates, with more than 40 apparently co-ordinated nationwide attacks in one day.

US pull out
2011 December - US completes troop pull-out.

Unity government faces disarray. Arrest warrant issued for vice-president Tariq al-Hashemi, a leading Sunni politician. Sunni bloc boycotts parliament and cabinet.

2012 - Bomb and gun attacks target Shia areas throughout the year, sparking fears of a new sectarian conflict. Nearly 200 people are killed in January, more than 160 in June, 113 in a single day in July, more than 70 people in August, about 62 in attacks nationwide in September, and at least 35 before and during the Shia mourning month of Muharram in November.

Nearly 200 people are killed in bombings targeting Shia Muslims in the immediate wake of the US withdrawal.

2012 March - Tight security for Arab League summit in Baghdad. It is the first major summit to be held in Iraq since the fall of Saddam Hussein. A wave of pre-summit attacks kills scores of people.

2012 April - Oil exports from Iraqi Kurdistan halted amid row with central government over contracts with foreign firms.

2012 May - Trial begins of fugitive vice president Tareq al-Hashemi, who is accused of running death squads to target Shia officials.

2012 September - Fugitive former vice-president Tariq al-Hashemi rejects death sentence passed in absentia as on him for running hit squads as "politically motivated".

2012 November - Iraq cancels a $4.2bn deal to buy arms from Russia because of concerns about alleged corruption within the Iraqi government. The purchase, signed in October, would have made Russia the country's second-largest arms supplier after the US. Moscow was the main arms supplier of to Saddam Hussein.

2012 December - President Talabani's health takes a sharp turn for the worse. His website says he is in a stable condition and being treated for blocked arteries. Government sources say he had a stroke and was in a coma.

2013 February - About 35 people are killed in two attacks. At least 19 died in a suicide bombing of an anti-al-Qaeda militia in Taji, north of Baghdad, and at least 16 people died in a raid on a police station in Kirkuk, northern Iraq. Iraq Chronology By Sharaya Dunwell, Cassandra Canarte Pollard, Katherine Batzler, Skylar Mattis, and Kelly Rivera 1990 - Iraq invades Kuwait, prompting what becomes known as the first Gulf War. A massive US-led military campaign forces Iraq to withdraw in February 1991.

2006 May and June - More than 200 die in car bombings in the mostly Shia area of Sadr City in Baghdad, in the worst attack on the capital since the US-led invasion of
2003.

2007 April - Bombings in Baghdad kill nearly 200 people in the worst day of violence since a US-led security drive began in the capital in February.

2007 August - Truck and car bombs hit two villages of Yazidi Kurds, killing at least 250 people - the deadliest attack since 2003.

2009 October - Two car bombs near the Green Zone in Baghdad kill at least 155 people, in Iraq's deadliest attack since April 2007.

2011 August - Violence escalates, with more than 40 apparently coordinated nationwide attacks in one day. To date, the United States has joined with the world community in developing all of the major antiterrorism conventions. There are some notable areas that may need improvement, in the US' programs to combat terrorism such as national security, nuclear material safeguards, the training of first responders, and the detection of chemical and biological weapons of conventional explosives. March 12, 1993: A series of thirteen explosions in Mumbai, then called Bombay, resulted in 257 deaths and over 700 injuries. The blasts were orchestrated by the organized crime syndicate called the D-Company, headed by Dawood Ibrahim.

Oct. 29, 2005: Three powerful serial blasts rocked the busy shopping areas of south Delhi, two days before the Hindu festival of Diwali, killing 59 and injuring 200. A Pakistan-based terrorist outfit, the Islamic Inquilab Mahaz (believed to have links with Lashkar-e-Taiba) claimed responsibility.

May 13, 2008: A series of six explosions tore through Jaipur, a popular tourist destination in the Rajasthan state in western India, killing 63 people and injuring more than 150. The chronology shows the US' attempts to rid the nation of terrorism attacks. The attacks keep coming so the US sends out troops and eventually settle a peace deal with Afghanistan. The attacks stopped and the US seems currently safe from Afghan attacks. India Chronology Iraq has had a series of terrorist acts in the past and it has listed it as one of the top ranked terrorist threats in the world. The US currently has hostile foreign relations with them. Sudan has been involved in alot of terrorist attacks in the past 20 years. Most of their terrorist attacks include bombings and end up with hundreds of deaths. Presidential Address The president and congress should provide aid to any countries affected by terrorism. They should also put military troops in terrorist countries to closely monitor them and help the citizens of those countries. On March 13, 1993 over 957 people were killed or injuried because of the series of bombings in Mumbai, on October 29, 2005 259 people were killed or injuried because of the blasts of bombs in a shopping area in South Delhi, and on May 13, 2008 213 people were killed or injuried because of a bombing in Jaipur through Rajasthan They should restrict the trade of weapons to said terrorist countries so that they would have less ammunition to commit terrorist acts.
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