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History of the Great Ocean Road
Transcript of History of the Great Ocean Road
At the time of first European contact about 15,000 Koories lived in Victoria. They were split into 35 clans, each with its own distinct language, culture and religious beliefs. The Koories living around Djillong (Geelong) belong to the Wathaurong, whose territory extended from the Werribee River down to the Otways and inland, which included Ballarat.
History of the
Great Ocean Road
Shelter- well positioned Wurn’s (campsites) were revisited seasonally to provide shelter from strong winds and reliable sources of food and fresh water. A ‘carpet’ of sand would be laid out and a ‘miam miam’ (bark bough lean-to shelter) erected in poor weather.
Building the Road
The Great Ocean Road was built as a living memorial to the Victorian’s who served in the First World War from 1914-1918.
In 1918 a route was decided on and the Great Ocean Road trust was established.
The funding was raised from the Returned Services League and local communities.
The first section, Lorne to the Cumberland River, was started in September 1919. Two teams of 150 returned soldiers worked on the road together. They were well paid and lived in tents in a communal camp.
Lorne to Aireys was officially opened in
March 1922. The road was single lane,
unsealed and had only a few guard rails.
The traffic was one-way during certain
hours with a tollhouse.
Use your netbooks to research this historic figure and find out his place in this history of this area.
Complete a report on William Buckley including:
-Who was he?
-Where did he came from?
-What did he do?
(Include important dates and events)
In 1836 there were approx 700 members of the clan; by 1953 there were only 35. This rapid decline is attributed to the introduction of disease (smallpox, tuberculosis, and sexual transmitted diseases), massacres and the loss of food sources due to European settlement. There are about 1200 descendants of Victorian Koories living in the Geelong-Otway region today
The road was completed in 1932
Weing (Fire)- The regular, controlled use of fire promoted the regeneration of important food plants and enabled animals that came to graze on the fresh shoots to be hunted more easily. It kept the country open, making movement easier.
Wallert Burnung and Allanook (Possum Skin Cloaks)- Possums were hunted in the forest for their meat and skin. The skins were dried and cleaned using the sharpened edge of a mussel shell. Sinews from the tail and a bone bodkin were used to sew up to 30 skins together. As the sinew dried and shrank the skins pulled tightly together to form a warm, waterproof cloak that was slung across the shoulder.
Ka: Warren. Short-beaked Echidna- The short-beaked Echidna or Spiny Ant-Eater is a monotreme. It has no teeth. It consumes mainly ants or termites and other small insects with its long, sticky tongue. It tends to forage at dawn or dusk, except in winter when it may be active in the middle of the day. Its distribution, though Australia wide, is sparse. The quill (spines) could be used as an awl to pierce leather when lacing possum pelts for a fur mantle or, like a bodkin, for poking a hole between plant-fibres when basket-weaving. The quill’s main virtue was its very fine and sharp but strong distal (end), which was used as a lancet for removing prickles or splinters from human bodies (mostly the feet). The quill was plucked from its socket before any cooking process was begun. Fresh quills were also used as barbs or borers or for Ritual Décor. The flesh of the Ant eater was rich and fatty, but tough, and needed to be treated to a prolonged cooking-regime.
Buggut. Austral Grass Tree- The leaves produce a hard waterproof resin used to cement stone axe heads and spear tips to their wooden handles. Pieces of the dried flower stalk were used as a base on which a branch of Austral Mulberry or Victorian Christmas Bush was rubbed to start a fire quickly and easily. The flower produced sweet tasting nectar and the young leaves and roots were eaten.
Food and Medicine Plants-
Yepeurt (Early Nancy) and Murmbal (flax lily): the starchy roots were the staple vegetal diet.
MooLaa (Bracken): Leaves-used to treat rheumatism. Roots and young stems-relieve pain and itching from insect bites.
Gherinehap (Golden Wattle): Seed pods-edible, high in protein. Gum-sweet, nourishing, added to drinks.
Marine Fauna- Kelp, fish, seals and shellfish were gathered on the beach and rock platforms, then taken to higher ground to be prepared and eaten. Mounds of shell, bone, stone artefacts and charcoal piled up over thousands of years of use. These ancient campsites are scattered all along the Victorian coastline. Middens found further inland are over 30,000 years old, whereas those on the coast have only been in use for 6,000 years because of changing sea levels.