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Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgendered People and Substanc

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Sean Henry

on 20 November 2013

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Transcript of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgendered People and Substanc



Two Spirit,


Intersex people
Substance Use

Next on the Agenda...
Activity #1
The Unique Needs of LGBTQI2S Youth
They experience Internalized and Externalized Homo/transphobia
Term used to describe female-identified people
attracted romantically,erotically, and/or emotionally to other female-identified people.
Fun Fact!
The term lesbian
is derived from the name of
the Greek island of Lesbos
Term used in some cultural settings to represent
males who are attracted to males in a romantic, erotic and/or emotional sense.
Gay is sometimes used as an umbrella term for all people identifying as LGBTQI
Did You Know?
A person emotionally, physically, and/or sexually
attracted to males and females. This attraction
does not have to be equally split between genders
and there may be a preference for one gender over others.
Transgender people are individuals whose gender expression and/or gender identity differs from conventional expectations based on the physical sex they were born into.
The word transgender is an umbrella term
which is often used to describe a wide range of identities and experiences, including:
FTMs, MTFs, cross-dressers, drag queens/kings, gender queers, and many more.
Did You Know?
Used as an umbrella identity term encompassing lesbian,
questioning people, gay men, bisexuals, non-labeling people,
transgender folks, and anyone else who does not strictly
identify as heterosexual
Currently, it is being reclaimed by some people
and used as a statement of empowerment.
Some people identify as “queer” to distance
themselves from the rigid categorization
of “straight” and “gay”.
Intersex is a general term used for a variety of
conditions in which a person is born with a
reproductive or sexual anatomy that does not
seem to fit the typical definitions of female or male
For example, a person might be
born appearing to be female
on the outside, but having mostly
male-typical anatomy on the inside.

In some cases a person may not find out
that they have intersex anatomy until
he or she reaches the age of puberty
or they may live and die with intersex
anatomy without anyone including
themselves ever knowing.
Activity #2
You got labelled...
“Two-spirited” refers to a person who has
both a masculine and a feminine spirit,
and is used by some First Nations people
to describe their sexual, gender and/or
spiritual identity.
As you watch the next
two video clips, think
about what some of the
specific needs are for LGBTQI2S individuals
It Ain't Always Easy Being LGBTQI2S - Video Clip #1
It Ain't Always Easy Being LGBTQI2S - Video Clip #2
Prevention and
Harm Reduction
Harm Reduction is anything that reduces
the risk of injury whether or not the
individual is able to abstain from the risky
1964 - First Methadone Treatment program began in Canada
1984 - First needle exchange program ever is launched in Amsterdam
Mid 1980s - First time multiple harm reduction strategies were used at once in one location. Included counselling, needle exchange, prescription drugs, and housing/employment services
1986 - First legal supervised injection site opens in Switzerland
1989 - First needle exchange program in British Columbia
1997 - Vancouver Area Network of Drug Users formed
2001 - Vancouver adopts four-pillar drug stratgey
2002 - Needle distribution replaces needle exchange in BC
2003 - First sanctioned Supervised Injection Site opens
in Vancouver
Studies have shown that substance use among LGBTQI2S youth is 190% higher than non-LGBTQI2S youth.
The development of the LGBTQI2S identity is a lengthy process:
Average age of awareness of sexual orientation = 10 years old
Average age of self-labelling of sexual orientation = 14 years old
Average age of disclosure to a friend about orientation = 16 years old
Average age of disclosure to a parent about orientation = 17 years old
Substance use and coping with identity and secrecy is frequent
LGBTQI2S youth are 2-3 times more likely to attempt suicide
LGBTQI2S youth are more likely to experience harassment from other youth and significant adults in their lives, and to be subjected to verbal, sexual, and physical abuse and other forms of trauma.
LGBTQI2S youth are more
likely to drop out of school and become homeless
A study done by the Addiction Research Institute with 5281 GLB youth found that:
44% of GLB youth reported substance use within the past 30 days
77% indicated that they knew other GLB youth
42% felt connected to the GLB community
Only 16% were a part of a GLB youth group

LGBTQI2S youth who use alcohol and drugs are more likely to engage in sexual intercourse, to have sex at younger ages, and to have more partners.
They are also less likely to use condoms during sexual activty, putting them at a higher risk for STI's, HIV, and Hepatitis C
There are few opportunities and places for positive social engagements with other LGBTQI2S youth.
As a result, bars and clubs often become the place to go, which can lead to substance use, and high risk sexual activity
Harm Reduction and Prevention Focusing on...
Knowledge of safer drug use and provide the necessary tools
Providing a safe space for LGBTQI2S youth to meet and form positive relationships
Knowledge and use of safer sex practices and provide the tools necessary
Providing a resource space for LGBTQI2S youth to learn about supports and services available to them
Providing LGBTQI2S Youth Outreach Workers who can bring a level of understanding and support that a non-LGBTQI2S person may not be able to provide

A Case Study
Meet David...
Housing for LGBTQI2S
Full transcript