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Transcript of Settlements
The function of a settlement is what it does or it’s purpose.
Do you know the original function of:
What is it?
Can you think of any ways that geographers can tell what the main function of a settlement may be?
Answer: Look at the employment structure of the area. How many people work and who works where.
How can you tell what the function is?
Location Research Project
Facts and Research
What facts and information can you find out about your locations? You may want to think about the types of jobs people can do in the area, what the land looks like (fields, houses etc). It is up to you how you gather this information – internet, books, interviewing people or maybe even visiting places!
Facts and Research
What do you think you could improve on next time you do a project like this?
What do you think you did well?
What did you learn from your project?
Reviewing your Project
Sketch and label the different types of buildings you might find in the urban location.
Sketch and label the different types of buildings you might find in the rural location.
In which location was there a larger number of different buildings?
Write the names of the buildings you drew for the urban area but NOT in the rural area:
Write the names of the buildings you drew for the rural area but NOT in the urban area:
What do you notice about the buildings you have drawn? Are they the same in your rural location and your urban location?
Answer the questions below to see how they are similar and/or different.
My RURAL location: ________________________
Why I have chosen this location:
My URBAN location: ________________________
Why I have chosen this location:
You need to choose two locations (places) to focus your project on. One in a rural area (e.g. Gamiz-Fika) and one in an urban area (e.g. Bilbao). You may find it helpful to choose places that you know well, or have visited.
Choosing your Locations
Draw or write the names of the different types of transport you might find in the locations that you have chosen.
Cities become “centres of consumption”
Gentrification – Richer people moving into poorer areas
Run-down derelict parts of cities can be redeveloped
Increased economic activity within cities
Cities reinvent themselves as exciting vibrant places to live
Parts of urban areas which have declined but still have an intrinsic value because of centrality or quality of housing stock attract people
Government sees urban decline as a problem and invests money to regenerate an area
Prestige project – Olympics
Tertiary sector increases, restaurants, nightclubs and retailing attracting people
Reason for re-urbanisation
Increased car ownership
Desire for safe, pleasant environment, the rural ideal/utopia
Perception of urban areas as dangerous, high levels of crime, racial/ethnic problems
Change in tenure from public/renting to private ownership. Sell property and move out.
Reasons for counter-urbanisation
Maintain population, particularly economically active people. Develop human resources.
Infrastructure and urban services.
Quality of life.
Environmental impact. Ecological footprint.
Green design and architecture.
Energy efficiencies. Carbon neutral city. (Masdar)
Separate smaller settlements merge into larger multi-centric conurbations
Pressure on rural/urban fringe
A vicious circle of decline in inner city areas. “Donut cities”
Rapid urban growth leads new residential areas being built in suburbs
Social problems and overcrowding in inner city areas cause richer people to move to suburbs
Improving public transport
Linked to de-industrialisation such as shipbuilding, warehouses or factories closing
Reasons for suburbanisation
Definition – Urban growth is the growth of cities in terms of size of land area and population.
Leads to urban growth (the expansion of cities)
“Centres of production”
Need for housing, and other urban services
Informal sector, public housing
Now mainly LEDCs and NICs
People move to satellite settlements within the city’s sphere of influence
Increased numbers of people commuting to work in the city
Increased car use
Transport triangle becomes bigger
Rural areas become suburbanised
Rural areas can become commuter /dormitory settlements
Rural areas within a city’s sphere of influence can develop
Definition – Urbanisation is the increase in the percentage of a population living in settlements which could be classified as urban areas.
Countries reach stage 2/3 of DTM
Natural increase in population
Rural to urban migration (push/pull factors, obstacles/barriers, Stepwise model, Zelinsky’s model, Lee’s Model, Turners model)
Reasons for Urbanisation
Re - urbanisation
about the future
On line dictionaries
Architects designing and presenting a model town
Students act as