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Settlements

Settlements
by

echeandia lorea

on 18 November 2013

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Transcript of Settlements

Settlements
culture
Communication
content
Situation
Hyerarchy
Patterns
Functions
Challenges
Buildings
Mini projects

Explain
functions of
settlements

Understand
Hyerarchy of
settlements
Language
for
learning
Language
of
learning



conditionals
Language
of /for
describing,
comparing,
talking about
future events,
.
revising

....
Pros./
Urban/rural
Cons.
Language
for
making a
glogster
Writing a
research
report on
Mungia
Giving
concise
and
brief
information
skills
sustainability


Use of




resources
The
cost of
"development"

Western
eastern
culture

Greenfields
brownfields

Mining town
Quarrying Town
Capital City
Port Town
Industrial Town
The function of a settlement is what it does or it’s purpose.
Do you know the original function of:
Sheffield?
Glasgow?
Manchester?
Crewe?
Liverpool?
What is it?
Chemical Town
University Town
Market Town
Holiday Resort
Can you think of any ways that geographers can tell what the main function of a settlement may be?

Answer: Look at the employment structure of the area. How many people work and who works where.
How can you tell what the function is?
http://www.slideshare.net/pys0209/culture-diversity-6698485#btnNext
Location Research Project






_______Term 20__


Name: _______________
URBAN AREA
Facts and Research
RURAL AREA
What facts and information can you find out about your locations? You may want to think about the types of jobs people can do in the area, what the land looks like (fields, houses etc). It is up to you how you gather this information – internet, books, interviewing people or maybe even visiting places!
Facts and Research
What do you think you could improve on next time you do a project like this?
_________________________________________
_________________________________________
_________________________________________
What do you think you did well?
_________________________________________
_________________________________________
_________________________________________
What did you learn from your project?
_________________________________________
_________________________________________
_________________________________________
Reviewing your Project
Sketch and label the different types of buildings you might find in the urban location.
Sketch and label the different types of buildings you might find in the rural location.
Buildings
In which location was there a larger number of different buildings?
Write the names of the buildings you drew for the urban area but NOT in the rural area:
Write the names of the buildings you drew for the rural area but NOT in the urban area:
What do you notice about the buildings you have drawn? Are they the same in your rural location and your urban location?
Answer the questions below to see how they are similar and/or different.
Making Comparisons
My RURAL location: ________________________

Why I have chosen this location:
_________________________________________
_________________________________________
My URBAN location: ________________________

Why I have chosen this location:
_________________________________________
_________________________________________
You need to choose two locations (places) to focus your project on. One in a rural area (e.g. Gamiz-Fika) and one in an urban area (e.g. Bilbao). You may find it helpful to choose places that you know well, or have visited.
Choosing your Locations
Urban Location
Rural Location
Draw or write the names of the different types of transport you might find in the locations that you have chosen.
TRANSPORT
Cities become “centres of consumption”
Gentrification – Richer people moving into poorer areas
Run-down derelict parts of cities can be redeveloped
Increased economic activity within cities
Cities reinvent themselves as exciting vibrant places to live
Re-urbanisation
Parts of urban areas which have declined but still have an intrinsic value because of centrality or quality of housing stock attract people
Government sees urban decline as a problem and invests money to regenerate an area
Prestige project – Olympics
Tertiary sector increases, restaurants, nightclubs and retailing attracting people
Reason for re-urbanisation
Increased car ownership
Increased wealth
De-industrialisation
Desire for safe, pleasant environment, the rural ideal/utopia
Perception of urban areas as dangerous, high levels of crime, racial/ethnic problems
Change in tenure from public/renting to private ownership. Sell property and move out.
Reasons for counter-urbanisation
Urban Processes
Maintain population, particularly economically active people. Develop human resources.
Economic growth.
Infrastructure and urban services.
Quality of life.
Environmental impact. Ecological footprint.
Circular metabolism.
Green design and architecture.
Energy efficiencies. Carbon neutral city. (Masdar)
Sustainable city
Urban sprawl
Separate smaller settlements merge into larger multi-centric conurbations
Pressure on rural/urban fringe
Increased segregation
A vicious circle of decline in inner city areas. “Donut cities”
Suburbanisation
Rapid urban growth leads new residential areas being built in suburbs
Social problems and overcrowding in inner city areas cause richer people to move to suburbs
Improving public transport
Linked to de-industrialisation such as shipbuilding, warehouses or factories closing
Reasons for suburbanisation
Definition – Urban growth is the growth of cities in terms of size of land area and population.
Leads to urban growth (the expansion of cities)
Primate cities
“Centres of production”
Need for housing, and other urban services
Informal sector, public housing
Now mainly LEDCs and NICs
Urbanisation
LEISURE
HOME
WORK
Transport triangle
People move to satellite settlements within the city’s sphere of influence
Increased numbers of people commuting to work in the city
Increased car use
Transport triangle becomes bigger
Rural areas become suburbanised
Rural areas can become commuter /dormitory settlements
Rural areas within a city’s sphere of influence can develop
Counter-urbanisation
Definition – Urbanisation is the increase in the percentage of a population living in settlements which could be classified as urban areas.
Countries reach stage 2/3 of DTM
Natural increase in population
Rural to urban migration (push/pull factors, obstacles/barriers, Stepwise model, Zelinsky’s model, Lee’s Model, Turners model)
Industrialisation
Reasons for Urbanisation
Sustainable city?
Darwell 2006
Urban Processes
Re - urbanisation
Counter -urbanisation
Suburbanisation
Urbanisation
communication
COGNITION
Hypothesy
about the future
of land
conflicts

Kurds
Palestinians
L
anguage through
learning
On line dictionaries
and
atlases
www.wordreference.com
www.howjsay.com
mapasinteractivos.didactalia.net
.......
Architects designing and presenting a model town
Students act as

Key
vocab
.

Peer assessment
Full transcript