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Amber Eaton

on 24 January 2014

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Transcript of Somalia

Motives for Internationalism
United Nations
The UN has been able to do very little for Somalia by way of food, healthcare, and the formal & higher education. Some of the Somali authorities refused to agree to the deployment of United Nations troops to secure delivery of aid in areas of greatest need. Troops in Mogadishu were fired upon and their vehicles and arms taken. Relief ships were prevented from docking. Airports and seaports went under fire.

The result was that although aid supplies were ready, only a small portion was reaching those in need.

International Organizations
Somalia is a small country, sitting right atop the Horn of Africa. To the East it faces the Indian Ocean, and to the West it borders Ethiopia and Kenya. Somalia consists mainly of plains and highlands, with the Ogo Mountains in the northern part of the country. It has a population of 10.2 million and is 637, 657 Km squared.
Land use: Arable land: 1.73%
Permanent crops: 0.05%
Other: 98.23%
(as of 2011)
The Federal Republic of Somalia
Peace and Security
Somalia has great mining possibility's, and under more stable conditions, could participate in international trade, giving business to both foreign nations, and bettering the economy of Somalia.
The nation of Somalia has existed in one form or another for over 2,000 years. It was introduced to the Islamic faith in the seventh century. By the tenth century, Arab trading posts thrived in Somalia including Mogadishu. It wasn't until late 1880's that colonial powers, Britain, Italy and France claimed their own chunks of Somalia. In 1960 Somalia gained independence, but remained unstable, and in 1969, a coup d'etat took place and Mohamed Siad Barre, general of the group who lead the coup became the president of Somalia and remained in that position until 1991, when yet another coup occurred, and shortly after the military was disbanded Some militias that had seized power after the Barre regime took the UN troops' presence as a threat to their authority and several gun battles took place in Mogadishu between local gunmen and peacekeepers.
Following the beginning of the civil war and the collapse of the central government, Somalia's residents relied on local forms of justice, either civil, traditional or Islamic law, with a provision for appeal on all sentences.

Politics and Social Structure
Hassan Sheikh Mohamoud is the current president of Somalia. He was elected September 10 2012, and is the founder of the Peace and Development party. In August 2012, a Provisional Constitution was passed, and Somalia officially became a Federation, Following this,, the Federal Government of Somalia became the first permanent central government in the country since the start of the civil war.
In Somalia, people belong to clans and sub-clans. it is an unstable and frequently hostile organization, relying on unstable alliances between clans. Somali people place high value on family, and whom you are related to. War and other unstable conditions have vastly increased the number of female-headed households. Somali women have more freedom to become educated and travel than most muslim women other parts of the world.
Recent Events and Current Situation.
Agriculture is the most important aspect of Somalia's economy. It is responsible for about 65% of the GDP and employs 65% of the workforce. Livestock is conduisive to near 40% of GDP and over half of export income. Other key export goods include fish, charcoal and bananas, while sugar, sorghum and corn are common goods for the local market
Civilians are constantly being killed and wounded by crossfire, especially in the fighting between forces over control of roadblocks, and by IED's and grenade attacks All parties involved in the conflict have continued to commit serious crimes against children, including the recruitment of children into their troops.

In July 2012, the Transitional Federal Government signed a plan of action against child recruitment; but very shortly after 15 children were identified among a group of new recruits. The government has also detained children formerly associated with Al-Shabaab, and used them as informants.
Humanitarian access is restricted due to ongoing conflict, and restrictions imposed by parties to the conflict.

Al-Shabaab holds restrictions on humanitarian aid and forbids over 16 different humanitarian organizations, including the UN’s Children Fund (UNICEF), from areas under its control. On October 8, 2012, Al-Shabaab banned one of the last remaining international aid organizations, Islamic Relief, from working in any of the areas under its control.
I think the picture explains this pretty well. the quality of life for Somali people is terrible, and aid is necessary to preserve human life
Somalian pirates have been a huge concern in international waters since the second part of the Somali Civil War. The toxic waste being left in Somali waters by foreign ships also severely harmed th livelihoods of local fishermen. In return, the fishermen started to form armed crews to stop the unwelcome ships. Eventually they turned to piracy, hijacking foreign ships for ransom as a source of income.
The Global Enrichment Fund was founded by Amanda Lindhout, a former journalist who was held as a hostage in Somalia for 460 days. They provide food aid, scholarships and a girls basketball program.
It is extraordinarily difficult for aid organizations to help in Somalia, as the chances of being killed or abducted are very high
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