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Renaissance Art

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Mackenzie Brady

on 4 September 2012

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Transcript of Renaissance Art

Religion Greek & Roman Influence Sandro Botticelli (1445-1510) Birth of Venus ( France 1486) Sandro Boticelli's "The Birth of Venus" has the Roman goddess of love, Venus at its center, she and the three people around her form a triangle, drawing one's eye to Venus' face, that is looking directly at the viewer. An interesting aspect of this piece is the landscape, Botticelli has painted an extremely intricate landscape, a common characteristic of Renaissance paintings. Another reason that this piece is considered to be part of the Renaissance is how real the figures look and this is a result of two things. One, Botticelli has made the figures look three-dimensional and two, he has painted their bodies true to the human form. The Triumph of Galatea (Italy 1513) Raphael (1483-1520) "The Triumph of Galatea" painted by Raphael can be considered Renaissance for a couple of reasons. First, the painting has elements of mythology, in the background there are centaurs and there is a half man, half fish in the left corner. Second, all of the characters painted have emotion on their faces, instead of appearing doll like. Thirdly, the three cherubs at the top of the painting, create a triangle, drawing attention to Galatea in the center. Another important aspect of this painting is that the figures all have realistic looking bodies and three dimensional. Madonna of Chancellor Rolin (France 1435) Jan van Eyck (1395-1441) "Madonna of Chancellor Rolin" depicts The Virgin Mary being crowned by an angel while holding the baby Jesus. Something to note about this painting is the incredibly detailed background, typical of Renaissance paintings. Besides the immediate action, there is a completely different world going on outside of this room that we can see. Another important factor of this painting is the three dimensionality of the people which also plays into the realistic look of their bodies and faces. The emotion on Mary's and the man's face is also very apparent which adds to the realistic look. The Creation Of Adam (Italy 1511) Michelangelo (1475-1564) Gonfalone with Pietà (Italy 1492) Mona Lisa (France 1519) Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519 Giovanni Arnolfini and His Bride (Italy 1434) Jan van Eyck (c. 1395-1441) Albrecht Dürer (1471-1528) Self Portrait (Italy 1500) Pallas and the Centaur (Italy 1482) Sandro Boticelli (1445-1510) Portrait Painted on the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel, Michelangelo's “The Creation of Adam” depicts the Biblical story of God's creation of man. Adam's body and muscles have been painted true to the human form, this makes it feel as though Adam really was the first human, because he is so life like. Another interesting aspect of this painting is the emotion seen on Adam's and God's faces. Both appear to be sad to be separated and neither appear expressionless. The three dimensionality of God and Adam also add to the realness of the two subjects. Michelangelo has also used chiaroscuro on the bodies to make them appear more three dimensional. “Pallas and the Centaur” takes inspiration from Greek mythology. Boticelli has painted a centaur and what appears to be a goddess pulling him by his hair. This painting comes to life when one notices the expression on the centaur's face, he appears to be terrified, an emotion many can relate to. The centaur's body has also been painted anatomically correct. His stomach and arms are true to the human form. Boticelli has also made use of chiaroscuro when he painted the centaurs body by making one side darker than the other, this makes him appear to be three dimensional. Another interesting part of this painting is the landscape. Boticelli has put lots of effort into making the landscape as detailed as the foreground, he has even painted a ship on the lake behind the two subjects. The Last Supper (Italy 1498)
Leonardo Da Vinci ( 1452-1519) “The Last Supper” painted by Leonardo Da Vinci, is a painting that tells the story of Jesus the night before Judas turns him in. Jesus is in the center of the table surrounded by his apostles. This painting is perhaps one of the more well known paintings of the Renaissance and for good reason. Da Vinci has gone above and beyond with this painting, giving each apostle his own personality. Every single person in this painting has some kind of emotion on their face, whether disbelief, anger, or calm, no one appears expressionless. This attention to detail translates over the setting these characters are in. Da Vinci has an extremely intricate ceiling and even has a world outside of the windows. Another interesting part of this painting is how Da Vinci painted the room three dimensional. Instead of simply placing the characters before a flat wall, Da Vinci has the room move into the background until it stops at the three windows in the back. Pietro Perugino (1450-1523) Gonfalone with Pieta is a depiction of Mary, Joseph, and Mary Magdalene burying Jesus. The three figures surrounding Jesus form a triangle with the Virgin Mary at the top and Jesus at the bottom. This triangle formed brings the viewer's attention to the Virgin with Jesus first, as it is the focal point of the painting. When one pans out, it becomes apparent that the emotion on Mary Magdalene and Joseph's face is very real and true. Neither of them appear to be doll like and even Jesus' face has the emotion of grief. The realness of this situation is heightened by how Jesus' body s painted to look sickly, his muscles in his arms and stomach appeared to have shrunk leaving him a lifeless corpse. The Mona Lisa is perhaps the most iconic painting in the world. Painted by Leonardo Da Vinci, it is the portrait of a woman who no one really knows. In this painting Da Vinci shows off his skill with his shading around her eyes, his use of sfumato makes her eyes stand out to the viewer. Another area where Da Vinci is showing off, is the background behind her. He has painted a separate world in the landscape, and while it is not the focal point, it is still fascinating to look at. A reason why people are so fascinated with this painting is that Mona Lisa looks like a person. Da Vinci's use of shading makes her appear three dimensional and she has extremely realistic looking features. Giovanni Arnolfini is interesting because it almost looks like a photograph. Jan van Eyck has made use of chiaroscuro so well that it feels as though one is witnessing this scene first hand. The mirror between Giovanni and his wife and the window are perfect of examples of how chiaroscuro was used to make this painting appear three dimensional. It takes the painting away from a simple portrait into a beautiful peace art. Not only does the background appear real, but also the main subjects appear real. Giovanni Arnolfini and his wife both have accurately painted bodies and faces making them appear human. This self portrait by Albrecht Durer is striking in how life like Durer has painted himself. His face and particularly his hand, are painted so detailed that one might assume it is a photograph. It is the small details, such as his hair and the fur on his coat that make Durer's painting, feel more life like. Durer's use of chiaroscuro, by keeping the light on one side of his face, adds to the trueness of this painting because the subject does not appear flat, but rather three dimensional. The Renaissance was a time of great thought and action. It was the revival of classic imagery as well as the birth of realistic paintings. In this period, less art was painted for religious purposes and more was available to the public. Humans were shown in their true form as opposed to seeming doll like. Great iconic works of art resulted from this “rebirth” such as the Mona Lisa, the Creation of Adam, and the Last Supper, works that were not only great during their time, but are also revered as masterpieces today. This exhibit takes a look at the beloved classics everyone knows, as well as some lesser known works of art in hopes of opening the eyes of the viewer to true Renaissance art. The Renaissance: The Rebirth of the Classics
9-23-11 "I pledge" Renaissance art, though thousands of years old, has continued to affect art today. After viewing this exhibit, I can only hope one leaves with a solid understanding of Renaissance art and what it means.
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