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RIZAL'S SECOND TRIP ABROAD
Transcript of RIZAL'S SECOND TRIP ABROAD
to improve his knowledge on English
to study Dr. Antonio de Morga's book SUCCESOS DE LAS ISLAS FILIPINAS, which is found in the British Museum.
London was safe from the Spaniards.
He worked in the British Museum Library, studied, copied, and published Morga's book.
He stayed as a guest of Dr. Antonio Ma. Regidor.
February 22, 1888, Rizal left Hongkong
on board the OCEANIC.
Rizal's Second Trip Abroad
Travel is a caprice in childhood,
a passion in youth,
a necessity in manhood,
a elegy in old age.
- Dr. Jose Rizal
FEBRUARY 3, 1888
-> Rizal left the Philippines half-sick and disillu
-> Zafiro - the vessel he ride on.
-> The vessel arrived in Amoy (Xiamen), China but Rizal did not land because of his frail health, the city's rainy weather and the report that the city was dirty.
HONGKONG and MACAU
- The Chinese New Year
- Chinese theaters
- The Marathon Lauriat Party
- The richest order in Hongkong, THE DOMINICANS.
- The cemeteries in Hongkong.
The Land of Cherry Blossom
Rizal arrived at Yokohama on Feb. 28, 1888.
He stayed at the Grand Hotel (Hotel Grande.)
The next day he went to Tokyo and stayed there from March 2-7.
Later he moved over to the Spanish legation on invitation of its secretary, Juan Perez Caballero. He accepted the invitation since staying with the Spaniards would save him money and he believed that he had nothing to hide from them.
Seiko Usui or Osei-san
Rizal left Yokohama on April 13, 1888 on board
the steamer BELGIC bound for USA. There he met
He was just disgusted with
the concept of men pulling rickshaws.
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
Rizal boarded the Englsih vessel, Belgic on April 18, 1888.
Rizal reached SAN FRANCISCO on Apr. 28, 1888.
Dubbed America as "A motherland for the poor who wish to work".
He described America as a great country, but it has many defects too. They do not have real civil liberty.
When he was asked by Jose Alejandro about his impression of the country, he stated: AMERICA IS THE LAND PAR EXCELLENCE OF FREEDOM BUT ONLY FOR THE WHITES.
-> They experienced discrimination in America upon arrival for they weren't allowed to disembark. Chinese passengers were even quarantined much longer on board.
-> Rizal arrived in New York on May 13, 1888.
He called New York the Big Town.
NEWS FROM CALAMBA
Persecution of Filipino patriots who signed "ANTI-FRIAR PETITION of 1888".
Persecution of Calamba tenants.
Senators attacking Rizal
Manuel Hidalgo, Saturnina's husband, was exiled to Bohol.
Laureano Viado, his friend, was arrested for possesing copies of Noli.
Rev, Vicente Garcia's favorable defense of the Noli. :)
Reformists in BARCELONA (Dec. 31, 1888)
Foundation of the ASOSACION LA SOLIDARIDAD.
President - Galicano Apacible
VP - Graciano Lopez Jaena
Honorary Pres - Rizal.
FEB, 15, 1889, Jaena founded the newspaper, LA SOLIDARIDAD.
Rizal's 1st article = LOS AGRICULTORES FILIPINOS ( The Filipino Farmers)
pen names: Dimas Alang, Laong Laan
He wrote a pamphlet against Fray Rodriguez, "LA VISION DEL FRAY RODRIGUEZ".
LETTER TO THE YOUNG WOMEN OF MALOLOS
SPECIMEN OF TAGAL FOLKLORE and TWO EASTERN FABLES.
The Triumph of Science Over Death
The Triumph Death over Life.
Carvings of the heads of the Beckett sisters.
HE LEFT LONDON on March 19, 1889.
Too many tourists in the city, so he stayed with Valentin Ventura. He transferred from different hotels and boarding houses.
Visited the home of Pardo de Tavera
Composed the story of
THE MONKEY AND THE TORTOISE.
He was fascinated by the Universal Exposition, especially the Eiffel Tower -- MAY 6, 1889.
He organized the Kidlat Club, with Filipinos who wanted to join the expo.
He finalized his copy of Morga's book which showed evidence that the Filipinos were already civilized before the Spaniards came.
He planned to establish a college in Hongkong with the help of Mr. Mariano Cunanan who promised to help him raise Php40,000. Unfortunately it did not succeed. But when he was exiled in Dapitan, he was able to establish a Boys School.
He wrote again another satire entitled POR TELEFONO, as a reply to Fr. Salvador Font, his slanderer.
He left for Brussels, Belgium arrived on JANUARY 28, 1890
accompanied him to Brussels. He also lived with
He left Paris because:
the expensive cost of living
the gay social life hampered his literary works.
In Brussels, he made himself busy with sculpturing, shooting, going to gym, writing and reading, and writing articles for the La Solidaridad, examples are:
A La Defensa, La verdad para Todos, Vicente Barrantes' Teatro Tagalo, Una Profanacion, Crueldad, Ingratitudes,etc.
He was the first to advocate Filipinization of orthography. He adopted Filipinized Tagalog in his translations of
SCHILLER's WILHELM TELL, ANDERSEN's FAIRYTALES, and even in NOLI ME TANGERE.
He wrote an article about
THE NEW ORTHOGRAPHY OF THE TAGALOG LANGUAGE
in the newspaper.
He was criticized by his fellow Filipinos in Madrid for reminding them not to gamble too much for they destroy the nation's reputation. He was even called
LETTERS FROM CALAMBA
Calamba Agrarian Trouble
Increasing rents of the hacienda lands by the Dominicans
An order from the Dominicans to disposses the Rizal family's lands from them.
Persecution of tenants
Paciano, Antonio Lopez, Silvestre Ubaldo were deported to Mindoro.
Manuel Hidalgo was banished to Bohol again.
THIS MADE RIZAL FEEL THE URGE TO GO HOME FOR HIS PEOPLE. BUT HIS FRIENDS, Blumentritt, Basa and Ponce warned him of danger. He changed his mind of going home because he heard from Paciano that they lost the Agrarian case. Rizal planned to raise the case in Madrid. He plans to defend it in Spain.
He arrived in Madrid on August 1890. But bad news piled as he arrived in the country.
1. FAILURE TO GET JUSTICE FOR THE FAMILY - Calamba was in chaos. Spanish statesmen only contributed words of sympathy.
2. THE DEATH OF JOSE MARIA PANGANIBAN, his Propaganda comrade, in Barcelona due to illness on AUG. 19, 1890.
3. ABORTED DUEL WITH ANTONIO LUNA AND WENCESLAO RETANA.
4. INFIDELITY OF LEONOR RIVERA, planning to get married to an English man.
5. RIZAL and DEL PILAR's RIVALRY and ABDICATION OF LEADERSHIP IN LA SOLIDARIDAD, leading to divisions of the Filipino community in Madrid.
Rizal wanted to take a rest from the problems he was carrying.
He stayed in Biarritz for 1 month. He finished El Filibusterismo here. He retired from the Propaganda movement and he wanted to focus on publishing El Fili and his medical profession.
He was deciding to settle either in the Philippines, Hongkong or Japan because Europe seemed a banishment to him due to the conflict in La Solidaridad.
THAT WAS RIZAL's SECOND TRIP ABROAD :)
THANK YOU for accompanying GAt JOSE RIZAL :)
He studied the Chinese way of life. Jose observed the following:
Rizal was impressed of Japan's culture:
the beauty of the country ( plants, flowers, gardens, mountains, rivers)
politeness thru bowing
few beggars on the streets; few thieves
The Japanese are happy and industrious people.
He left New York on May 16 ,1888 and arrived in Liverpool on May 24, 1888 and stayed there for a day before moving to London where he stayed as a guest in the house of Antonio Ma. Regidor.
By May, he moved to a boarding house owned by the Beckett family.
Because he was an excellent linguist, he became good friends with Dr. Reinhold Rost, a Sanskrit scholar, the greatest scholar of that century. He even spent time with him.
Rost was impressed with his manners and called him "UNA PERLA DE HOMBRE" or Pearl of a Man.
John Peter Dalit
-> While in HOngkong he met Jose Ma. Basa and Balbino Maurico and Maurico Yriarte who were former exiles from the Philippines because of the events in 1972.
-> Sainza de Veranda - a former Secretary of Gov. Terrero that spied Rizal while was in Hong Kong.
-> Feb 18 Rizal and Basa went to Macau, rode on a vessel called Kiu-Kiang.
-> Rizal also visited neighboring Macau where he stayed from February 18-20.
-> Rizal took time to learn the language and customs of Japan. He was embarrassed because he looked like a Japanese but could not speak Japanese
-> Daughter of a former Samurai who became a proprietor of a bazaar in Tokyo.
-> She was a cultured woman who worked at the Spanish consulate.
-> Rizal's love for O-Sei-San made him almost change his mind.
-> For 45 days, he stayed in Japan (Sayonara Japan)
Rizal's impression about America
1. America is a land of great opportunity especially for immigrants.
2. It has a huge farms and factories.
3. It has natural beauty.
4. It has a high standard of living.
Rizal complained about the racial prejudice of the Americans which was inconsistent with its principles of liberty, freedom, and democracy.
1. A colored man cannot marry a white man.
2. There were hatred against the Chinese.
"America is the Land par excellence of freedom but only for whites."
-> a social club which counted Antonio and Juan Luna as members together with Julio Llorente, Gregorio Pautu, Baldomero Roxas, Gregorio Aguilera and Lauro Dimayuga.
->The second group was
- the formation of the group was inspired by American Indians dressed in their traditional clothes and riding proudly on their horses.
-> Rizal noted that the Filipinos should not be ashamed of their race instead should be proud of it.
->He wanted to hold an international convention that would coincide with the French centennial celebrations.
-> Dr. Ferdinand Blementritt - headed the organization called the International Association of Filipinologist.
-> January 1, 1891, the Filipinos moved to recognize the Association Hispano Filipina.
-> Rizal scouted around to look for a suitable printing shop, he finally found one in Ghent, the Meyer Van Loo Press which agreed to print the book while being pad in installment.
Rizal in Hongkong
-> After completing the printing of El Filibusterismo Rizal finally decided to leave Europe and take up residence in Hong Kong.
-> October 18, 1891 Rizal boarded the steamer Melbourne in Marseilles and arrived in Hong Kong on November 20, 1891.
-> While in Hong Kong he wrote a letter to Queen Regent Maria Cristina, explaining to her situation in Calamba.
-> Rizal made translation of Rousseau's Rights of Man which was written during the French Revolution.
-> La Liga Filipina - the most important document he wrote the constitution which has Five Objective namely:
1. Unite the Filipinos into homogenous body.
2. Mutual protection in everyone and necessity defense against all violence and injustice.
3. Encouragement of instructions.
4. Commerce and agriculture among Filipinos.
5. Study and application of reforms.