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ETHS STI

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ETHS Health Center

on 23 July 2018

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Transcript of ETHS STI

STD=STI
Sexually Transmitted
Infections
How are STIs spread?
Teens are at greater risk...
Syphilis
Chlamydia
Most common STI
Causes genital warts
Causes cancer
Prevention: HPV vaccine - has greatly reduced rates in teenage girls
Condoms offer some protection
HPV
Can be contagious without symptoms
Painful blisters/ulcers
Symptoms 2-30 days after exposure
Using condoms offers some protection
Diagnosed by exam
Most of the time STIs have
NO
signs or symptoms!
The rates of many STIs are
HIGHEST
among teens!
Because:
* Lack of available resources
(example: obtaining condoms)
* Lack of youth-friendly and inclusive
information
* Stigma around sex and sexuality
*Health care providers don't ask


One in four teens who are NEWLY sexually active, become infected with a sexually transmitted infection (STI) every year.
That’s over 3 million teens every year!
sexual intercourse
oral
anal
vaginal
Some STIs are spread through skin-to -skin contact and some through body fluid exchange
The good news: You can protect yourself and your partner!
STIs caused by
BACTERIA
are treated
and
cured
with
antibiotics.
Chlamydia
Gonorrhea
Syphilis

Gonorrhea
Very common STI
Urine test
Usually no symptoms
Incubates 1-4 weeks
Easily treated/cured.
ALL partners MUST be treated
Can cause serious infection, infertility
Can cause infection in other organs - joints, heart

Very common STI - young people aged 15-24 accounted for 2/3 of all diagnoses in 2016
Urine test or throat swab
Usually no symptoms
Incubates 1-4 weeks
Easily treated/cured
ALL partners MUST be treated
If untreated, can cause serious infection, infertility

Less common, but rates have been
increasing
over past two years
Often no symptoms
Diagnosed by blood test
Symptoms occur in 3 stages:
Primary stage:
Chancre appears 1-2 weeks after sex
Secondary stage:
Flu-like symptoms appear 6-8 weeks after sex
Late stage:
serious damage to the brain, nervous system and heart can occur 10-30 years after sex if not treated
Treatment/cure in the EARLY STAGES

STIs caused by
VIRUSES
- are
NOT
curable, but
symptoms can be managed/ treated
with antiviral medications.
HPV
Herpes
HIV/AIDS


HERPES
HIV/AIDS
No cure (there are preventative medicines for high risk groups)
Complicated treatment
Early detection important!
Cancers and unusual infections occur
Use latex condoms for protection!
Requires life long management
85% of sexually active high schoolers in Illinois have
never
been tested for HIV
PUBIC LICE
crabs
they can live in your hair or follicle
most common symptom is itching
can be treated with over the counter lice medicine
remember to wash ALL linens, clothes and towels in
HOT
water
Cook County ranks 2nd highest in the US for number of chlamydia and gonorrhea cases.

Trichomoniasis

Itchy, yellow discharge and irritation
It's a protozoa
It's curable with an antibiotic
Partner needs treatment



Evanston Sexual Health & Support Resources

Your Healthcare Provider
ETHS Health Center - Room H-101
ETHS Health Services - Room N-121
ETHS SWs and Counselors
Y.O.U. - 1911 Church St.
Erie Evanston/Skokie Health Center - 1285 Hartrey
Broadway Youth Center - 4009 N. Broadway St.
How to obtain condoms
...
Drug Stores - $
Free: ETHS Health Center - H101
Free: Erie Health Center - 1285 Hartrey -Front Desk
Free: Y.O.U. - 1911 Church St.
Other STIs
Why?
Full transcript