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Transcript of Wilson's Disease
Wilson's disease? This is a rare genetic disorder, and the chances of inheriting it are one in 30,000 people. Copper storage disease, hepatolenticular degeneration syndrome, and WD are other names for this disease. It is important to have a small amount of copper in the body but too much can be fatal. The high levels of copper can damage your organs. Over time the copper can build up in the liver eyes and other organs. The liver and the brain are the most vulnerable. The disease will spread to them first. Signs of these can come as early as 4 years or as late as 70 years.
These are some symptoms of the liver disease
-Jaundice, which is when the skin or the white part of the eye turns yellow
-Fatigue -Loss of appetite -Swelling in the abdomen -Easy bruising
Nervous systems and mental health problems may occur in children and teenagers such as....
-Clumsiness -Trembling -Difficulty walking -Problems with speech
-Problems with school work -Depression -Anxiety -Mood swings
Eye changes or other vision problems may occur. In addition you may experience.....
-A low level of red blood cells, which is called anemia
-Low levels of white blood cells
-Low levels of clotting factors called platelets
-Slow clotting of blood
-High levels of protein, amino acids and uric acid in the urine
-Early onset of arthritis and bone loss How is Wilson's Disease Diagnosed? Doctors can diagnosed Wilson's disease through physical exams or laboratory tests. The physical exams focuses on signs of liver diseases as well as the function of the nervous system. People who show signs of damage to the nerves usually have rings in their eyes these can be observed with a special light. Doctors also use samples of blood and urine to test for copper levels. Genetic testing is often used to diagnose people with Wilson's disease. As Wilson's disease is passed in the autosomal way or not on the X chromosome. This disease is a recessive trait. If the disease is diagnosed early and treated effectively people usually can end up with good health. Liver transplants are only necessary for serious liver disorders. Some steps in treating Wilson's disease are removing the excess copper from the body, reducing intake of foods that are rich in copper, and treating any liver or central nervous system damage. People who have Wilson's disease have to be treated through out their lives. This is to control the amount of copper in the body. Doctors prescribe D-penicillamine (Cuprimine) and trientine (Syprine), drugs to help remove copper from organs and release it into the bloodstream. *http://www.genome.gov/27532725#al-3