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understanding ELL Strategies

Explanations and examples of four commonly used instructional strategies for English Language Learners.
by

Carly Huerta

on 21 May 2013

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Transcript of understanding ELL Strategies

Each of these instructional strategies can be effective for teaching English language learners.
The strategies focus more on learning content rather than learning language.
A good teacher will use a combination of strategies to strengthen your child's reading and writing abilities. Of course, Standards-Based Instruction can be very demanding for an English language learner. Students are faced with vocabulary and texts that may be outside of their English proficiency. This style of instruction requires a dedicated teacher who is willing to work at the student's level and make goals that are realistic and attainable. { By using standards as the basis for instruction,
teachers are setting high learning
expectations for all students - including English
language learners. Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative, connotative, and technical meanings; analyze the cumulative impact of specific word choices on meaning and tone (e.g., how the language of a court opinion differs from that of a newspaper). For example: Look at the following sentence:
"If only there were some decent jobs out there, I wouldn’t be reduced to living in this miserable dump."

What is the tone of the sentence?
Which words help you identify the tone? ELLs develop language skills while working with their grade level peers. Content-based instruction is similar to Standards-based because it focuses on specific curricular areas. In Content-based instruction the teacher may use standards as the basis for curriculum or a school approved curriculum map or plan. Some characteristics of Content-based instruction: For example: What does this look like for the ELL? Writing has a purpose and meaning. Students learn the same content as their grade level peers. Students work at or slightly above their proficiency level. Language is acquired not learned. In conclusion... Take a look at this: There are over 50 standards like that one. One strategy teachers use to create lesson plans is called Standards-Based Instruction. In Standards-Based Instruction, teachers start with the standard (or standards) that they want to focus on. Then, they plan activities and assessments around those standards. focus on content area addresses specific goals in a nutshell: what students should know challenging for ELLs Another style of instruction that can
be used in the classroom is
Differentiated Learning. What about English language learners? ELLs can see wonderful benefits through differentiated learning. Sounds good, but... A couple of problems with Content-based instruction for ELLs... One more method... A fourth style of instruction is the use of Theme-Based Units. 1.) Reading related to the theme 2.) Group/pair work 3.) Variety of activities Let's imagine we're doing a thematic unit on South Carolina's role in the Civil War. Each curricular area that we study this week will somehow tie back to this theme. Make a Civil War drum
and explore the way sound waves
create different tones depending on the drum's size, shape, and material. How Thematic Units help ELLs... The tasks and activities can be designed around the student's proficiency level.
Projects are often interesting to the student.
There is a great variety in the type of assignments and assessments given.
Students get the opportunity to work in groups which helps them develop their oral language skills.
Vocabulary is taught in context, making it easier to learn and more memorable. understanding Standards
Based Differentiated Content
Based Thematic
Unit summing
it up... In schools today, a variety of instructional styles are used to teach English language learners.
So what is the best method for your child?
We're going to look at four different methods for delivering instruction in the classroom. Math 4.) Writing assignments related to
the theme 1 2 3 4 Resources: ELL Strategies Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative, connotative, and technical meanings; analyze the cumulative impact of specific word choices on meaning and tone (e.g., how the language of a court opinion differs from that of a newspaper). These standards seek to define what students should know and be able to do by the end of the school year. Note: Focus on this! This style of instruction
sets a purpose for reading and writing. Standards-Based Instruction and be able to do keeps ELLs learning the same content as their grade level peers while also learning the language Students are all different and have
different needs and learning styles. He's only been learning English for three months. She enjoys reading fantasy and science fiction. He's great at math but needs extra help with writing. Differentiated Instruction treats students with different strengths and needs individually by:
~ recognizing student differences
~ providing appropriate tasks that challenge the student
~ using alternative assessments individualized
instruction Lower levels of anxiety Greater output of 2nd language When planning curriculum, teachers can take into account a student's language background, culture, English proficiency, likes and dislikes, and future goals. In a large classroom it is very hard to meet
the needs and interests of every student. Let's look at a third style of instruction: Content-Based Instruction science math history Students learn grade appropriate content knowledge.
Students read "authentic texts" - meaning materials that have not been changed or simplified for the ELL.
Students learn technical vocabulary in context. Because the English language is not directly being taught, some students might have trouble understanding and/or get confused. #1 It can be hard to find texts and materials at the student's proficiency level. This would mean the students are having to read material that is too hard for them. #2 Focus on a Theme A young white boy and his African-American friend explore the grassy fields near the construction area of their new homes, which is on the site of an 1862 Civil War battleground, and one boy's father reminds them of the war's lesson of freedom. Reading The Costs of War Figure out the financial losses for South Carolina when the war ended.

Find out how many men were killed and the economic impact that had on the state. Science cannon This is one of the Common Core
Standards for 9th grade
English Language Arts. Laturnau, J. (2001, June). Standards-based instruction for English language learners. Pacific Resources for Education and Learning. Brown, C. L. (2004, February). Content based ESL curriculum and academic language proficiency. The Internet TESOL Journal, X(2), . Diane August. (2010). English language learners and the Common Core standards [PowerPoint slides]. Retrieved from http://programs.ccsso.org/projects/ELLCONF/Presentations/01_Overview_92710/ELLs%20and%20the%20CCS.pdf. Peregoy, S. F., & Boyle, O. F. (2013). Reading, writing, and learning in ESL: A resource book for K-12 teachers (6th ed.). Boston, MA: Pearson/Allyn and Bacon.
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