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Jocks & Burnouts
Transcript of Jocks & Burnouts
Belton High School in Neartown, a suburb of Detroit, Michigan
About 2000 students coming from solid working class to upper middle. Socioeconomic Class Makeup (in %) of Each Social Category Course Enrollment (in %) of Each Social Category Key to Chart AP = Adv. Placement
A-B-C= Letter refers to difficulty level listed in the school catalog
M-A = Music & Art
Bus. = Business
F-L = Family Life
Voc. = Other vocational courses What is a Jock? “Someone who gets into school, who does her homework, who, uh, goes to all the activities, who’s in Concert Choir, who has her whole day surrounded by school. You know, ‘tonight I’m gonna go to concert choir practice and maybe I’ll go watch track, and then early this morning maybe, oh. I’ll go help a teacher or something’ You know.” The idea of Jocks and Burnouts is not a new one. It’s an “essence of continuity”. These two separate cultures are like class cultures. Social classes are determined by what is valued by the institution, and in the case of the jocks and burnouts, that institution would be the school. The determinants of students into these social categories include:
adults determining the means by which adolescents determine categories
- Children reproduce parents experiences
- Parents “who care” will send kids to school
School ideology that kids will make the “right choice” Burnouts "Rebellious crowd"
Hoods/Greasers Working class home Smokes tobacco/ cigs Skips class Jocks "Leading crowd"
Middle class -college bound
Beer on weekend
Squeaky clean/All american The separation into pro school and anti school sub cultures is not new and is virtually in every high school. These groups only survive because of their lack of being too specific in its stereotyping. Although the groups share many differences, there are also plenty of commonalities that they share. The main one being that the entity of their sub cultures is based on the institution of the school. Neartown No town center, only interspersed industrial, commercial, and residential areas. Geographic orientation is a big difference between the jocks and burnouts Burnouts hang out at parks, streets, skating rinks, pool halls. Jocks use movie theatres, homes, and school Burnouts extend out to Detroit and areas to connect with new people. Jocks rarely go to Detroit, unless for malls or games, but those are mostly in other, more affluent suburbs. More than half of Belton's students were born outside of Neartown, most in Detroit Based from 94 students, 40% began school before coming to Neartown, 24% moved to Neartown in the fifth grade. 17% Jocks, 23% in-betweens, and 36% burnouts moved after fifth grade. Afterschool Burnouts will most likely go from high school to the workforce so making connections outside of school is more helpful to them than school activities. Jocks will most likely continue on to an institution similar to that of the high school. Burnouts go to Detroit to get a sense of being an adult and being autonomous. School Layout Cafeteria lobby is main hub for activity. The student activities office is here and the student store.
Senior Hall has the senior lockers and the junior hall has the junior lockers located above senior hall.
Freshman lockers are across the top of the B at the industrial classrooms.
Second floor over the hall perpendicular to the gym hall is the sophomore lockers.
Burnouts hang out in the industrial side of the school while jocks stay around cafeteria and sports areas. Some around the music. Both sets know the administrative areas. Schedule Three 54-minute class periods in the morning, noon period of 1 ½ hours and two 54 minute class periods in the afternoon
6 minutes between classes
Fourth period (noon period) is lunch and is divided into three half hour segments, two of which are spent in class and one at lunch
No one is allowed in the parking lot but can go out into the courtyard. Ch. 4: Symbols of Category Membership How To Tell Who is Who Jock and burnout split occurs upon entrance into junior high. Clothes, hangouts and substance use differentiate these two groups. Music and styles of demeanor and movement, language also clues. Territorial and activity displays are the final indicator. Each group's symbols are present because they are the opposite of the other. Jocks wear pastels and avoid dark colors because burnouts wear them and burnouts wear them to avoid the pastels the jocks wear. They both associate themselves with certain adult classes. The Cafeteria Burnouts avoid the cafeteria and hang out in the courtyard during lunch and jocks vice versa.
Often, burnouts do not eat lunch to show their disdain for the school.
The Belten cafeteria has long tables along 3 walls and round tables in the middle.
Jocks normally have the west wall and a round table while the fast food line and Burnout table is on the east wall.
Burnouts often do not eat in the cafeteria.
The choir kids eat in the choir room and those working in the student store often eat in the back room.
ROTC members eat in their room and the yearbook committee eats in its room.
Some others eat in various classrooms or faculty areas The Courtyard After lunch, jocks often hang out in the cafeteria lobby while burnouts are in the courtyard or around the radiator just inside. Burnouts mostly stay in the southwest corner of the courtyard and take very good care of it. No graffiti or littering.
Jocks avoid the courtyard even though it is a shortcut. Many jocks say they avoid it so people don't think they smoke or because they will be made fun of. Lockers Jocks' home-base is their lockers
2 people are assigned a locker at the beginning of the year
Jocks decorate the inside and outside of their lockers and signify sports players and game days
Who your locker partner is is a big deal. Often, people will have 4 or 5 people total using a locker
Burnouts do not use them because they do not trust them and say things get stolen while the jocks trust in them completely, sometimes they don't even lock them. Smoking Cigarette smoking is the big divider in seventh gradeEven when Jocks start smoking, it is always attributed to BurnoutsCigarette exchange is a way of making friendsJocks vocally oppose smoking hence the “Smoking Committee” Of 49 Jocks, 2 smoked; of 38 Burnouts, 32 smoked Clothing Signals economic means with Jocks normally having more expensive clothing and more outfits to choose from
Burnouts pride themselves on not caring as much about nice clothes, even if they can afford them
Jocks stay with the latest styles while Burnouts stick to working class urban clothing and outdated elements of the Jock style Burnout guys wear bell bottoms popular with the Jock crowd five years ago and wear their hair long.
Burnout girls wear straight legged jeans and feathered hairstyles
Jocks wear short, pegged jeans and permed hair
Also, Jocks love Izod clothing but do not wear an entire Izod outfit
Polo shirts, button downs, and crew neck sweaters oppose rock t-shirts and patterned synthetic sweaters Sports Many Burnouts are good athletes but will not play for the school
Burnouts often play for the school in junior high but stop in high schools
Burnouts do not like the rules and discipline coaches have; they think it invades their personal life too much
Burnouts often play pick up games Language Burnouts often use more obscenities and drug related slang
Jocks use shorter greeting “hi” while Burnouts use longer “how 'ya doin'”
Burnouts usually do not speak grammatically
Multiple negative (I don't know nothing) most common nonstandard grammar
Detroit accent more common with burnouts but appears with both groups Ch. 5: The Development of Social Categories Junior High School Classifications Identity Peer Groups Belten High studnets look back on the development of social categories at the beginning of junior high school as a sudden loss of innocence and frequently express nostalgia about the simplicity of human relations in elementary school. Polarization "A range of overt behavior was incorporated into a tightly interwoven system of symbolic oppositions that included clothing and other kinds of adornment, demeanor, language, territory, and substance use." Categories as social organization More claim to individuality Ch. 6: The Corporate Structure of the School In general ,Burnouts keep their social identity independent of their school, while Jocks rely on school to define their personal identity. Shool is a microcosm of the corporate world. Those with prior knowledge about how this corporate world works are more likely to succeed in school.
-Early training emphasis necessary skills and values (work ethic, networking, ambition, etc.)
-Children in middle-class families are more likely to be encouraged to participate in important decision making within the family
-Children tend to internalize their parents' values Age boundaries in school: Encourages loyalty within classes (freshman, sophomore, etc.) while fostering competition between them.
Keeps relationships controlled (*dating patterns) Hierarchies: Interdependence - students are dependent on teachers for freedom and basic resources, and the teacher depend on the students for their own status in their profession. Students have several opportunities to move in the school hierarchy.
- Team captain, student government, etc. Rewards of Hierarchy: Students with greater status are able to bargain for special privileges.
Teachers place more trust in them b/c of their cooperation with their expectations.
Students who don't participate are unable to benefit. **Jocks vs. Burnouts: Closed Campus -Are the Jocks as free to negotiate at they think they are? Limits of Hierarchy: Student hierarchy is limited by the short duration of school
Participants aren't around long enough to benefit from any long-term changes
Students are unlikely to extend past their own niche
*Couryard improvement project Information Management of information is closely linked with the maintenance of hierarchies
Those lower in the hierarchy rely on information from those higher up so that they can gain mobility within the hierarchy
Those in-between act as information brokers
Jocks are more likely to have prior acces to valuable information
*Information can often be personal (esp. gossip on relationships) Ch. 7: Life Outside the Corporation
Ch. 8: The Effects of Social Polarization Burnouts: Alientation Jocks: control Burnouts: Closed relationships with parents Often have family problems Outlet for rebelliousness Neighborhood networks: grow up with each other, not with parents Believe they have litte social mobility Employees often related Jocks work to build relationships later; Burnouts see personal networks extending Surroundings: Hang with people not in school More local gathering places, Jocks hang in areas of control Spend a lot of time walking around and hanging out Grew up fast More likey to accept new members Have sense of loyalty More likely to lend items Jocks are viewed as problem free Not uncommon to live with friend's family Independence from adult structure Say Jocks consider themselves "better'; they being believing it too Against student government
Need to defy teachers Stop competing with Jocks after a while View parents to be against them Discussions!