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EGYPT

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by

P. M.

on 3 December 2014

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Transcript of EGYPT

EGYPT
Map of Egypt
Egypt is located in Northeastern Africa
Curiosities
Ancient Egyptians made jewellery from meteorites
They are the oldest known example of metalworking
Three iron beads found in 1911 from a tomb in Gerzeh, Egypt
Normally, a Pharaoh didn't like to show his hair, so he wore a crown or a headdress called a
nemes
One Pharaoh called 'Pepi II' obliged his slaves to put some honey on their bodies so as flies didn't bother him
The Egyptians believed that the make-up had healing power. Originally the make-up was used as a protection from the sun and not for adornment
When a body was mummified, its brain was removed through one of its nostrils and placed in jars together with other organs. The only internal organ that was not removed was the heart, because the Egyptians thought that it was the seat of the soul
Egyptian children didn't wear clothing until they were teenagers because the temperature in Egypt is very high. Adult men wore skirts and women wore dresses
Egyptian people believed that the earth was flat and round (similar to a cake) and that the Nile flowed in the middle of it
Something about food...
Bread
The typical
breakfast
for Ancient Egypt was:
baked beans seasoned with garlic and lemon
and
for
lunch
fresh vegetables (peas, onions, cucumbers, chicory, garlic) and fruits (prunes, pomegranates, grapes)
Ancient Egypt was mostly desert, but near the Nile, where there was fertile black mud, grew barley and wheat, vegetables and fruits, and there was a lot of fish from the river, so the food was not missing
The bread made by the Ancient Egyptians was tough and grainy,

the beer was dense and lumpy and everyone could drink it,

rich people drank wine,

ostrich eggs were considered a delicacy

and cutlery wasn't used by them
Something about beauty...
Wrinkle cream for ladies of Ancient Egypt
They mixed beeswax, incense, olive oil and some fresh milk and put this cream on their faces and necks to prevent wrinkles
Make-up
Both men and women used cosmetics and they liked bright colours. They used mainly malachite,or a copper carbonate intense green colour and galena, that produces a dark colour. They were mixed with water, resins and fats and then applied with wooden sticks
Capital
CAIRO
is the capital of Egypt and the largest city in Africa. It is situated on the banks of the Nile river and has a dense population.
THE MOST IMPORTANT CITIES:
ALEXANDRIA
is the second largest city and it is a big metropolitan area in Egypt by size and population, it is the city created by Alexander the Great, extended along the coast of the Mediterranean Sea in the north central part of the country

LUXOR
is located in Upper Egypt and has been described as the world's biggest open air museum

MARSA ALAM
situated on Egypt's Red Sea coast, many years ago was considered a small fishing village, but currently the city has grown very quickly and it is popular as a tourist destination

PORT SAID
is considered to be the third most important city in Egypt, after Cairo and Alexandria. It is a coastal city located on the shores of the Mediterranean Sea at the entrance of the Suez canal in the North
THE SYMBOLS:
It is the center of Egypt's culture and politics and it is located near some of the most famous remnants of Ancient Egypt like the Pyramids of Giza and the Sphinx
Ankh
is the symbol of eternal life. It is also considered "The Breath of Life"
Udjat
is the sound eye of Horus. It symbolizes healing and protection and it was considered an important talisman
Uraeus
is a symbol of kingship. The cobra was associated with the "eye" of the sun. It was a protector of the king, spitting out fire
Scarab
was an important symbol with the shape of a dung beetle. This beetle was associated with the divine manifestation of the early morning sun, Khepri.
It was used as an amulet with magic powers
WHEN YOU THINK ABOUT EGYPT...
Full transcript