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Jim Crow Laws

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Virginia Carpenter

on 6 November 2014

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Transcript of Jim Crow Laws

Jim Crow Laws:
Segregation and Institutionalized racism Jim Crow Laws: The laws of discrimination and segregation against African-Americans. Segregation: The separation between white and black people in any public place or facility.
EX- White only water fountain We chose this topic because we wanted to learn more about the Jim Crow Laws. We wanted to learn how they treated the African-Americans unfairly. Main Reasons Segregation and Institutionalized Racism relates to the novel. Reason one: African-American's, had separate churches from white people.
Calpurnia was bringing Jem and Scout to her church which was the "First Purchase African M.E. Church" (157) this quote proves that black and white people worshiped their gods in separate churches; even though they were both christian and believed in the same thing. Reason two: The second reason why the Jim Crow laws relate to the novel "To kill a mockingbird", is that Calpurnia is the maid for the Finch family. She got minimal pay from the Finch family, and it was the only job around town for a black woman. Reason Three: The court jury was bias toward the whites in "To Kill a Mockingbird". The Jim Crow law relates to this topic by treating the blacks unfairly in the court room. Jim Crow Jim Crow was NOT an actual person. He was a racist white man that performed a song in a black face. He acted hunched over and crippled trying to imitate a black slave picking cotton.
The song he performed is called, "Jump Jim Crow", the laws were named after Jim Crow because of this racist song. The song was so big, and well known that it was the start of a new a musical genre.
Come, listen, all you girls and boys, I'm just from Tuckahoe;
I'm going to sing a little song, My name's Jim Crow.

Chorus: Wheel about, and turn about, and do just so;

Every time I wheel about, I jump Jim Crow.

I went down to the river, I didn't mean to stay,
But there I saw so many girls, I couldn't get away.

I'm roaring on the fiddle, and down in old Virginia,
They say I play the scientific, like master Paganini,

I cut so many monkey shines, I dance the galoppade;
And when I'm done, I rest my head, on shovel, hoe or spade.

I met Miss Dina Scrub one day, I give her such a buss [kiss];
And then she turn and slap my face, and make a mighty fuss.

The other girls they begin to fight, I told them wait a bit;
I'd have them all, just one by one, as I thought fit.

I whip the lion of the west, I eat the alligator;
I put more water in my mouth, then boil ten loads of potatoes.

The way they bake the hoe cake, Virginia never tire;
They put the dough upon the foot, and stick them in the fire. How the Jim Crow Laws affected society The Jim Crow laws affected the education of Black people. Black children went to separate schools then the whites. The schools got minimal funding for staff and teachers. The schools could not interchange books between black schools and white schools, this was a Jim Crow Law. Even if a black person were to have education, it would still not be comparable to the white school board education program. Simply because you were black, it would automatically put you at the bottom of the list of people to hire. If you wanted to be a cook in a restaurant, you would have to cook for your colour only, which minimizes your opportunity for a job. Black housing had minimal appliances and furniture. The houses were very small and close together. There was few or no luxuries in the house, you were lucky enough to have a television in your house. They would usually only have one bed for an entire family to sleep in, and the washrooms were outside. Racism In the novel,"To Kill a Mockingbird"; there is a lot of racism, and hatred toward Tom Robinson and Atticus. In trial, the jury had already made up their minds about the case, because Tom Robinson is black. One night Atticus went to go sit outside the jail, to protect Tom Robinson from the racist white men in Maycomb. The racist mothers and fathers then teach their children that racism is accepted in the society. They teach their children that they're better than black people; the children then grow up and have kids and attempted to teach the same behavior. In "To Kill a Mockingbird", Cecil Jacobs was making fun of Atticus for defending an African-American. Cecil Jacobs didn't just pull those words out of thin air, his parents taught him to be racist towards African-Americans. Racism: Racism is discrimination against a specific race based on a general opinion of there race.
EX- all germans are natzies How the Jim Crow Laws relate to Racism The Jim Crow laws are the base of racism. The laws are the reason why people got away with all of this racism. These laws were not only enforced by the police, but also by the citizens. Racist people would go up to men, woman and children of the African-American race. They would stop them from taking a drink or going to the bathroom and force them to use the black facilities. Now a days its illegal to ride your bike without a helmet, if you're under eighteen years of age; but citizens don't go around enforcing it. Quote One During Jim Crow era, black churches got little or no funding from the government. When scout is in Calpunias' church, she asks Calpurnia, "How're we gonna sing if there ain't any hymn-books?" (161). This quote illustrates that Calpurnia's church doesn't receive enough funding from the government towards basic supplies. Quote Two During the Jim Crow era it was against society for a black person to feel sorry for a white person. When Tom Robinson was up at the witness stand, he told Mr. Gilmer and the jury "I felt right sorry for her she seemed to try more'n the rest of' em." (264). This quote illustrates that white people considers themselves to have a higher class and living style than the blacks; and it was an insult for a lower class African-American to feel sorry for them. Quote Three During the Jim Crow era it was against society for a white and black person to have a family, or show affection of any sort. When Atticus is stating a point to the judge, and the jury he says, "She was white and she tempted a negro, she did something that in our society is unspeakable. She kissed a black man." (272). This quote illustrates that black and white relationships were strictly forbidden and frowned upon. How the Jim Crow laws relate to Plot The Jim Crow Laws were racist segregation laws, towards African-Americans. The events in "To Kill a Mockingbird", were about the struggles through being an accused African- American, and defending one. We see Atticus's struggles to free Tom Robinson of committing a crime he didn't do. The Jim Crow laws make winning the case harder for Tom Robinson and Atticus. Most of the characters in "To Kill a Mocking bird" were racist toward African- Americans. These characters followed the Jim Crow Laws religiously. An example of that would be when, Aunt Alexandra wanted Calpurnia out of the house. She was prejudice toward Calpurnia`s ability to bring up the kids in a respectful manner. She felt that she would make a much better role model for Scout than Calpurnia ever would because she was white. How Jim Crow laws relate to the characters How the Jim Crow Laws relate to setting Alabama was a state in the deep south. The south was more racist then the north. The south was more involved with segregation, feeling they were above African-Americans. The South believed in slavery and North was against slavery. That's why there were so many different plantations in the novel, because the labor was free or cheap. Therefore, a large part of Maycomb was racist. During the Jim Crow era, there was a separate community for the African-Americans, usually outside of town. Theme The Theme in "To Kill a Mockingbird" is that everyone is equal in gods eyes. We should not be prejudiced toward black people, skin color or wealth. We shall not judge a book by its cover. We should all be born free and equal. That is what we thought the theme was in "To Kill a Mockingbird". How Jim Crow Laws affect Society
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