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Bangladesh Genocide

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by

Maddie Rasche

on 1 April 2011

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Transcript of Bangladesh Genocide

1. Classification 2. Symbolization 3. Dehumaniztion 4. Organization 5. Polarization 6. Preparation 7. Extermination 8. Denial The Atrocity of Bangladesh Response of the World and the United States The Timeline There was very little difference between the Pakistan and the Bengali people. Both groups were Muslim, both groups worked within the business of agriculture, and both groups lived harmoniously in one country until the Pakistan's differentiated themselves from the Bengali's only by their languages. The Bengalis spoke Bangla and the Pakistanis spoke Urdu. The Pakistans wanted a perfect land or as they put it, "The Land of the Pure," and the Bangla language was unexceptable in their country because it was considered impure. Urdu Bengali The Pakistan army denied anything that had to do with the genocide in Bangladesh. They said that the genocide was just a war and there was no systematic cleansing of the Bengali poeple. They used different propaganda such as using the radio to state that the genocide was just a war and nothing else. The Bengali people experienced terrible harships while the Pakistan governemnt ruled the country. The Benali's linguistic cultural identity was threatened, they were economically explited, and they were excluded from having the opportunity to have state power. These three exclusions alienated the Bengali people from the rest of the country, even though the Bengalis formed 54% of the population. The Pakistanis thought the Bengalis were a minority and had no rights. Pakistan and Bangladesh used to be one country. The country was split into two, East and West Pakistan, because India was in the middle of the two. It was difficult for both parts of the country to communicate with each other because of the distance between them. The "government" was led by the military and it was located in West Pakistan which caused great confusion and frustration. In the 1970's the people of Pakistan wanted to achieve provincial autonomy, in order to achieve this they needed to have a democratic election. The Awami League (the representative of the Bengali people of East Pakistan) won the elections by hundreds but Yahya Khan (the general of the military) would not allow this. During that time Yahya Khan became the dictator over Pakistan. Khan believed that the Bengali people were a threat to his system of government because of the Bengali nationalist movement. Kahn and his army thought that the Bengali people were nonmartial, a physically weak race, and were not interested in serving in the army. He wanted to put them in their place. With this decision, Kahn started to organize the genocide. During the genocide women were continuously raped and tortured in order to terroize and inflict racial slander to the Bengali people. The Pakistan army organized rape camps near their barracks and would repeatedly raped innocent girls and women. Many of the women that were raped were either killed or committed suicide. Yahya Kahn The Bangladesh Genocide was a very short process but was very organized. Once the Arwami League won the general election Yahya Kahn needed to do something to stop the progression of the Bengali people. The Bengali freedom fighters started to strike against Kahn during the month of March. They would repeatedly have rallies and and protests against the military of Pakistan,burn the Pakistan falg, hold up their own flag, and demand freedom. This was the turning point for Kahn. His mind was made up in destroying Bengali's.

Yahya Kahn's Plan:

1. Set a curfew that everyone had to be in their homes by 8:00 p.m.
2. On March 1, 1971, he postponed the 3 session of parlimment
3. He sent troops to East Pakistan to monitor the city.
4. Terrorize the Bengali people The West Pakistan government drove the Bengali people from society by many different things. Taking away their language
Setting a curfew
Taking away their culture in society
Using descrimination
Taking away their freedoms
Secluding them from the economy
Yahya Kahn wanted to scare and get rid of the Bengali nationalist movement. His plan was to terrorize and get rid of the "weak race" and those in the nationalist movement. He planned "Operation Searchlight," which was an operation to go out and kill and destroy as many people as they could in one night. This operation was held on March 25, 1971. This was the start of the genocide. The military were told to kill any people involved in the nationalist movement, those in authority, rape women, destroy homes, start homes on fire, and loot anything they could. East and West Pakistan Awami League "Kill three million of them and the rest will be eating out of our hands." - Yahya Kahn Number of Dead:
3 million Bengalis
26,000 Pakistan
1-1.5 million others The Pakistani's did everything in their power to exterminate the Bengali's. They did everything from destroy their villages to raping women and children. They went on mass killing sprees and entered University's, killing anyone they saw and then destroying the university itself. They went after everyone; men, children, girls, boys, whoever they could just to get rid of the Bengali's. . . . . . . . . . . 1948: Pakistan declared that Urdu was the official language 1958: The military took control over the government 1969: General Yahya Khan took over the military 1954: Democratically elected government in East Pakistan was dismissed 1970: First democratic election: Arwami League won March 1, 1971: General Yahya postponed the scheduled March 3 session of parliment March 25, 1971: "Operation Searchlight" March 26, 1971: Bangladesh declared independance from Pakistan December 12-14, 1971: The Pakistan army killed as many intelligent and powerful intellectuals December 16, 1971: Pakistan surrendered to Bangladesh There was many different responses to the Bangladesh genocide. India was one country that was supportive of Bangladesh and did everything in its power to help Bangladesh, especially by helping Bangladesh win the war against Pakistan. Since India was so for Bangladesh, India's allies were just as supportive. Those that were in favor of Pakistan were mostly Islamic countries and China. The United States had ties with China and in order to keep those ties the United States tilted towards Pakistan. Though some countries were not in favor of Bangladesh, many gave Bangladesh refugee aid and relief. The total amount of money that was given to restore Bangladesh was $1.3 billion. When Bangladesh decided to have war crime trials the rest of the world backed away from helping Bangladesh.
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