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Transcript of Bangladesh Genocide
Yahya Kahn's Plan:
1. Set a curfew that everyone had to be in their homes by 8:00 p.m.
2. On March 1, 1971, he postponed the 3 session of parlimment
3. He sent troops to East Pakistan to monitor the city.
4. Terrorize the Bengali people The West Pakistan government drove the Bengali people from society by many different things. Taking away their language
Setting a curfew
Taking away their culture in society
Taking away their freedoms
Secluding them from the economy
Yahya Kahn wanted to scare and get rid of the Bengali nationalist movement. His plan was to terrorize and get rid of the "weak race" and those in the nationalist movement. He planned "Operation Searchlight," which was an operation to go out and kill and destroy as many people as they could in one night. This operation was held on March 25, 1971. This was the start of the genocide. The military were told to kill any people involved in the nationalist movement, those in authority, rape women, destroy homes, start homes on fire, and loot anything they could. East and West Pakistan Awami League "Kill three million of them and the rest will be eating out of our hands." - Yahya Kahn Number of Dead:
3 million Bengalis
1-1.5 million others The Pakistani's did everything in their power to exterminate the Bengali's. They did everything from destroy their villages to raping women and children. They went on mass killing sprees and entered University's, killing anyone they saw and then destroying the university itself. They went after everyone; men, children, girls, boys, whoever they could just to get rid of the Bengali's. . . . . . . . . . . 1948: Pakistan declared that Urdu was the official language 1958: The military took control over the government 1969: General Yahya Khan took over the military 1954: Democratically elected government in East Pakistan was dismissed 1970: First democratic election: Arwami League won March 1, 1971: General Yahya postponed the scheduled March 3 session of parliment March 25, 1971: "Operation Searchlight" March 26, 1971: Bangladesh declared independance from Pakistan December 12-14, 1971: The Pakistan army killed as many intelligent and powerful intellectuals December 16, 1971: Pakistan surrendered to Bangladesh There was many different responses to the Bangladesh genocide. India was one country that was supportive of Bangladesh and did everything in its power to help Bangladesh, especially by helping Bangladesh win the war against Pakistan. Since India was so for Bangladesh, India's allies were just as supportive. Those that were in favor of Pakistan were mostly Islamic countries and China. The United States had ties with China and in order to keep those ties the United States tilted towards Pakistan. Though some countries were not in favor of Bangladesh, many gave Bangladesh refugee aid and relief. The total amount of money that was given to restore Bangladesh was $1.3 billion. When Bangladesh decided to have war crime trials the rest of the world backed away from helping Bangladesh.