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The Fluid Compartments of the body

HNC Animal Care - Fluid Compartments Anatomy and Physiology - Outcome 2

Chris Ditchburn

on 28 April 2011

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Transcript of The Fluid Compartments of the body

The Fluid Compartments 2 Divisions: Intracellular
Extracellular Intracellular = INSIDE the CELLS Rem: Intra = inside / within Extracellular = OUTSIDE the CELLS Rem: Extra = outside of The Intracellular fluid (ICF) is 2/3 of all the fluid in the body The Extracellular fluid (ECF)
makes up 1/3 of the Body's Fluid Cytoplasm most of the intracellular fluid is,
in fact, the cells' cytoplasm... 1/3 1/3 1/3 1/3 Where is all the extra-cellular fluid? 1/3 1/3 This bit 3 Ingredients The ECF is made up of 1/5 Plasma
4/5 Interstitial Fluid
"A bit" of Transcellular Fluid 2/3 of fluid is
inside the cells The Heart Plasma - the
fluid part of
the blood i.e. All the
blood, outside
of the cells is plasma 1/5
of the
ECF A Cell Interstitial: BETWEEN the CELLS Interstitial
space containing interstitial fluid The interstitial fluid bathes the cells providing them with Oxygen and Nutrients O 2 O 2 O 2 O 2 Glucose Glucose 4/5
of the
What's the
fluid? The Plasma is
in the circulation Transcellular Fluid A very small
amount of the
body's total fluid
Often ignored in calculations Fluid in the Eye CSF (Cerebro-Spinal Fluid) Gastro-Intestinal Fluid Pleural & Peritoneal Fluid round the
brain and
spinal cord the juices in
the stomach
and intestines the fluid lining and
lubricating the thorax
& abdomen Movement of Fluids 2 ways to move HYDROSTATIC
PRESSURE OSMOSIS Fluid moves from the
capillaries into the tissues
by hydrostatic pressure Fluid moves from the
glomerulus to Bowman's
Capsule by hydrostatic
pressure Image by
Madhero88 Fluid moves from the
tissues into the cells
by osmosis So, where's all
that fluid again? 2/3 in the Intracellular space (ICF)
1/3 in the Extracellular space (ECF) We further divide the ECF
1/5 is in the PLASMA
A tiny amount is TRANSCELLULAR Interstitial Plasma 1/3 2/3 1/5 4/5 A wee bit The END
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