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Transcript of Bible Overview
Song of Songs
Major & Minor Prophets
Enjoying God's Word
Benefits of Reading the Bible
– Keep the word before our eyes, meditate
1 John 5:3
– His commands are not a burden
– Were we created by him for him and are held together by him
2 Tim 3:16
– All scripture is God breathed, useful for teaching, rebuking, correcting and training
– Lamp for feet, light for our path
– Keep his commands that it may go well with you
– Hope comes through the reading of the Word
– Not idle words, they are your life
– Hiding God’s word in our heart that we might not sin
– Gives understanding to the simple
Effective Reading Tips
What Version Should I Read?
English Standard Version (ESV)
New International Version (NIV)
New King James Version (NKJV)
Translation Type - Word for Word and Thought for Thought
The New Revised Standard is a popular translation that follows in the traditions of the King James and Revised Standard Versions. It was written with the goal of preserving the best of the older versions while incorporating modern English.
New Revised Standard (NRS)
Translation Type - Word for Word
The ESV Bible is a relatively new Bible translation that combines word-for-word precision and accuracy with literary excellence, beauty, and readability
Translation Type - Thought for Thought and Word for Word
The NIV offers a balance between a word-for-word and thought-for-thought translation and is considered by many as a highly accurate and smooth-reading version of the Bible in modern English.
Translation Type - Word for Word
The NKJ is a modern language update of the original King James Version. It retains much of the traditional interpretation and sentence structure of the KJV.
When do you like to read?
Do you have a plan?
What is your favorite book of the Bible? Why?
What types of books do you like to read? Why?
Song of Songs
Bible Quick Facts
Approximately 1000-1200 pages
39 Books in the Old Testament
27 Books in the New Testament
Covers a period of Approximately 4000 years
Old Testament - Hebrew
New Testament - Greek
More than 40 Authors
Have a plan
Read it as a story
Look for themes
Don't get stuck
Read until you are blessed
Exodus is a historic account of God's redemption of the people of Israel
It covers about 431 years of history.
Starting from the sons of Jacob all dying in Egypt to the building of the tabernacle in the desert
It can be logically split into two major themes
Redemption (chap 1-15)
It teaches them how to:
Numbers is the story of two generations of Israel and the transition between them
This book was written as the last words of Moses to the generation of Israelites that would inherit the promised land
God's salvation to sinful man through his son Jesus Christ.
The Bible shows God's hand in world history.
It reveals the character of God.
Find a good place
Finding the time
Lack of understanding
Lack of desire
Joshua is a book of victory
It primarily deals with the conquest and division of the land
"Not one of all the Lord's good promises to the house of Israel failed"
Song of Songs
The book of Judges follows the history of the children of Israel from Joshua to Samuel
Unfortunately it highlights mostly the failures of the nation in their obedience and the punishment that results
The good news is that God still forgives Israel every time and raises up Judges to help them
Some have called this books the "interlude of love" during a volatile period in Israel's history
During a time when Israel itself is turning to rebellion, immorality and idolatry we see a woman of virtue and integrity
Ruth also shows us that Gentiles are not outside the scope of redemption
This book covers the period between the birth of Samuel and the death of Saul
It is the transition from the Age of Judges to the Age of Kings
This is the story of David's reign of king of Judah then all of Israel
It is a book of conquest, adventure, strength and weakness
1 & 2 Kings trace the history of the Kings of Israel and Judah.
Although they are separated into 2 books the narrative does not skip a beat
Solomon and the temple are major figures
The nation of Israel divides into the Kingdom of Judah and the Kingdom of Israel. The histories of both are recorded
The books of the kings are not just historical accounts. They show God's hand in what transpired
2 Kings records the decline and ultimate destruction of Israel and Judah
We also see many prophets called to speak out against the moral decline
Chronicles does not record a new period in history. It is a summation of 2 Samuel and the books of the Kings
They were written by Ezra to inform the Jews returning from exile about their history
While 2 Samuel focuses quite a bit on the failures of David. 1 Chronicles puts David and Israel in a very positive light
2 Chronicles has a much greater focus on the kingdom of Judah than the Kingdom of Israel
Much of the book is dedicated to kings who zealously reformed the nation of Judah
Unlike the books of Kings the ultimate message is of God's faithfulness rather than the failure of the children of Israel
Suffering is not the central theme but rather what Job learns from his suffering!
This is the story of the children of Israel as they are returning from exile
The focus is on restoring the temple and reforming the people so that they do not fall into the sins of their forefathers
This book is the story of how the Jews rebuilt the walls of Jerusalem
God's mighty hand is seen as having blessed those returning from exile as they accomplished this great task in such a short time
Obedient faith allowed Israel to overcome obstacles
Practical Bible Reading Tip
Ask Questions about the passage
Is there a command to obey?
Is there a promise to claim?
Is there a sin to avoid?
Is there application to make?
Is there something new about God?
This book provides a portrait of the life of the Jews who elected not to return from exile
God's hand is evident but his name is not!
The Jews are faced with a great threat but are ultimately delivered
Esther is a picture of Christ as she advocates for the salvation of her people
This is the story of Job. A rich and blessed person who endures great trials and suffering
We learn that God is sovereign and has the right to do all things
Shall we receive good from God, and shall we not receive evil?
Psalms is a collection of songs that
explore the full range of human experience
Psalms is the largest book of the Bible and was written by many authors of several centuries
David was the primary author but some psalms were written by Solomon, Moses and many others
A Proverb a day keeps foolishness away!
There is a psalm for just about every topic but a major theme is Praise
God is worthy of Praise !
Proverbs is a collection of wise sayings
Most of the book was written by Solomon
The purpose of the book is clearly spelled out in the first chapter
This book is here to help us learn wisdom and discernment
This book highlights the intense struggle for meaning and satisfaction in life
Solomon paints a rather bleak picture of life and comes to the conclusion that it is meaningless
The book is only 12 chapters and I find it to be an engaging read
The only thing that makes sense is to fear God and keep his commandments
This book is a love song full of metaphors and imagery
This book is sometimes called the Song of Solomon because of its authorship
Allegorically it pictures Israel as God's espoused bride and the church as the bride of Christ
Isaiah is like a mini snapshot of the entire Bible
The major theme of the book is Salvation
Isaiah features more prophecy about Christ than any other book
The last half of the book is rich with descriptions of God
This book is the autobiography of one of Judah's greatest prophets
The main theme of the book is judgement because the destruction of Jerusalem is looming
Despite the judgement God is seen as patient and holy
Jeremiah is not just a collection of prophetic messages
Instead you'll find a mixture of parables, sermons, historical accounts and object lessons
This book is a collection of poems that mourn the destruction of Jerusalem
A secondary theme that you can find is an acknowledgment that God is holy and that his judgment is righteous
Ezekiel was called by God to prophecy at a time when God knew the people would not listen
Ezekiel foretells the destruction of Jerusalem but also points to the restoration
This book is full of visions, signs, parables and even references to the end times
God is seen as sovereign but also faithful and glorious
The book of Daniel was an encouragement to the exiled Jews through the revelation of God's plan for Israel and the world
This is considered a book of prophecy but Daniel himself did not hold a prophetic office
This book contains a mixture of history and visions of the future
It has some of the most dramatic interventions in the Bible
Hosea is a story of one sided love and faithfulness between the prophet and his unfaithful wife
God uses the this hardship in the life of Hosea as an example to his people
Hosea ministered to the people of the northern kingdom Israel who were generally ungodly
Hosea's main message is that God is faithful even when the people are unfaithful but that God will also punish the rebellious
"Whoever is wise, let him understand these things...."
Amos was a shepherd who was called to bring a message of judgment against the nation of Israel
Amos and Hosea ministered the northern kingdom at the same time but in very different ways
The message of this book is far more of the classic fire and brimstone type prophecy
The land was enjoying relative peace and prosperity but the fall of Samaria was only a few decades away
God is seen as one who will judge the unrighteous
Joel's prophecy is primarily focused on the coming of the "Day of the Lord"
This is a warning to the people of Judah that God is bringing judgment unless they choose to obey
Joel makes many references to God's hand in natural disasters
Joel's advice to the people is that they should pray. Pray for repentance and pray for the nation that they may be spared
"Rend your hearts and not your garments. Return to the Lord your God for he is gracious and merciful..."
It is the shortest book of the Old Testament
This is a book of prophecy against the kingdom of Edom
Edom is facing judgment because they have aided the enemies of Israel
The Edomites were the descendents of Esau
There are only 21 verses
Unlike prophecies against Israel and Judah there are no rays of hope offered. Edom is to be cutoff as a nation and as a people
This is the least "prophetic" among the books of prophecy
It is really just a story of a prophet who did not want to offer God's message of repentance to an enemy nation
Unlike the other prophets Jonah actually gets a positive reaction to his message!
Through this story we see God's mighty hand over all creation and his desire for all people not just the children of Israel
Nahum also brings the word of the Lord to Ninevah...
...but his is a prophecy of destruction without another chance
Ninevah had turned back to their evil ways after the revival during Jonah's time
Ninevah was eventually destroyed in the manner prophesied by Nahum
Micah's message was brought to the people of Judah
Micah focuses on the "social sins" of the people against one another.
There is also the reminder that God will restore the people. He wants to have a right relationship with His people
Injustice, corruption and oppression were rife among the people
This book is the record of a conversation between God and the prophet
Habbakuk shows us how much the hand of God has to do with everything we see in history
God is sovereign. Nations rise and fall at his bidding
Habbakuk demonstrates a remarkable faith in God and willingness to trust him in coming hard times
"though there are no sheep in the pen and no cattle in the stalls yet I will rejoice in the Lord"
This is a classic book of prophecy
There is a message of judgment against Judah, surrounding nations and even the entire world
The focus then shifts to hope
The Lord will provide salvation and restoration
The message of Haggai is focused on stirring the people back to their task of finishing the temple
Haggai ministered during the time of Ezra when the Israelites had come back to Jerusalem
Haggai confronts spiritual complacency and selfish interests
God is seen as one who is wanting to bless but desires devotion
Like Haggai this book deals with an Israel struggling to fulfill what God had required of them
The people are not encouraged to build a building they are encouraged to build their future!
The temple is the key centerpiece and Israel is reminded of its significance
Only Isaiah contains more references to the Messiah
These collections of prophecies and visions are aimed at encouragement rather than judgment
Malachi was the last prophet before the period of silence
Israel has backslidden and are now involved in false worship, infidelity, arrogance before God and much more
Malachi is often split into three parts
The Privilege of the Nation
The Pollution of the Nation
The Promise to the Nation
The Promise of the nation is that Messiah will come
Sea of Galilee
Synagogue in Capernaum
Jerusalem in the time of Jesus
The "acts" recorded in this book are those of the apostles as they sought to fulfill the great commission
The first of the gospels was written by a Jew for the Jews
There is a focus on Jesus as the fulfillment of prophecy
There are more Old Testament references in Matthew than in any of the other gospels
As one of the twelve disciples Matther is giving an eye witness account
The arrangement of the book is more topical than chronological
Jesus is the Messiah and King!
This is the shortest, most simple and least unique of the gospels
Mark is full of events and activity
Jesus is seen as the servant redeemer
At the same time Mark records 19 different miracles clearly demonstrating the supernatural power of Jesus
Mark was closely associated with Peter and very likely had personal interaction with Jesus as well
The book of Luke is more focused on facts and chronology
Luke was a physician and historian
Luke is the most comprehensive of all the gospels
The style of Luke is warm and devotional
There are significant references to the lowly, outcast and even the emotions of Jesus
The content of this gospel is almost entirely unique from the others
Rather than a narrative of the life of Jesus this is a presentation of the Godhood of Jesus
It often reads less like a story and more like letter or sermon
John was personally very close to Jesus
There is an emphasis on believing that Jesus is the only way to eternal life
This book was also written by Luke and has a similar style to the gospel
The focus of the book is the spread of the gospel from Jerusalem to Judea and then the rest of the world
Acts is a pivotal book of transition
Mankind begins to understand the impact of the cross
Kidron Valley from the Palace of David
Romans is a letter of systematic theology written to the believers in Rome
It traces the story of the gospel from condemnation to glorification
Romans is less about the story of Jesus and more about what his death means for us
Beyond the strong doctrine there is also advice for practical Christian living
First Corinthians reveals the problems, pressures and struggles of a church called out of a pagan society
Corinth was a leading city in Greece
Paul addresses a variety of problems with the lifestyle of the Corinthian church
The basic theme of the letter is applying Christian principles to daily living
Jesus is relevant in daily life
Paul wrote this letter to express his thanksgiving to the repentant majority of the Corinthian church
Titus had been sent to Corinth to address some major issues in the church
Paul makes special mention of his spiritual credentials and authority to teach the believers
Many regard this as the most personal book of the New Testament
Paul's heart for the believers is clearly seen
The Charter of Christian Liberty!
It is a vigorous attack against the gospel of works and a defense of the gospel of faith
Freedom in Christ means freedom to produce the fruits of righteousness through a Spirit led lifestyle
Galatia was not a city specifically but rather a Roman Province in modern day central Turkey
Timothy was a Galatian
In this letter Paul is writing to encourage the Ephesian believers to take full advantage of their spiritual wealth
Our spiritual bank account includes adoption, acceptance, redemption, forgiveness, wisdom, the Holy Spirit, grace, life
...in short every spiritual blessing
Ephesians is the first of the "Prison Epistles"
Perhaps the most profound book in the New Testament
The writing style is formal but laden with rich vocabulary
Philippians is the epistle of joy and encouragement in the midst of difficult circumstances
Only in Christ is real unity and joy possible
There is a clear and simple message
With Christ as your model of humility and service, you can enjoy oneness of purpose, attitude and labor
Paul urges the Philippians to stand fast, be of one mind, rejoice always and pray about everything
This letter is one of the most Christ centered books of the Bible
Christ, the Lord of creation, is sufficient for every spiritual and practical need of the believer
Our life priorities should reflect Christ's preeminence
This epistle stresses that we are rooted in Christ and completed by Him
Unlike many other epistles Paul spends much of this letter commending this group of believers
However in the midst of this praise Paul he also voices caution and urges them to keep on going
It's only one step from abounding to abandoning
The key concept of this book is sanctification
Establishing yourself in holiness and resisting temptation
Problems had arisen in the church since Paul's first letter
False prophets had convinced the people that the Lord had already returned
Paul writes to correct this error and to encourage them to stand firm in the truth
This book contains one of only 3 major prophetic texts in the New Testament
The last 4 letters of Paul were written to people instead of churches
Timothy was a key leader in the church at Ephesus
He was also quite young and Paul saw himself as the spiritual father
The focus of the book is basically the do's and don't s of spiritual leadership
Paul focuses on good doctrine, qualifications of leadership and standing up against false teaching
This letter was the last epistle written by Paul
In many ways it is his last will and testament to his spiritual son
Paul stresses the importance of Godly living, preaching the Word and preparing for the coming difficulty for the church
An underlying focus of his letter is that the Word of God is what builds the foundation for enduring persecution
Titus was a young minister who was left on the island of Crete to organize the church
Paul shares a lot of practical wisdom regarding church organization and administration
The necessary, practical working out of salvation in the daily lives of the believers is also mentioned
This provides the balance to the focus in Galatians
This is the shortest and maybe most personal of all the letters
Paul calls for Christian brotherly love to supersede the normal slave and master relationship of the day
A slave has deserted his master and come to faith
Philemon was the master of the slave and was a friend of Paul
Acropolis at Philippi
Ruins of the Temple of Artemis
Theater at Ephesus
Temple of Artemis
Genesis is a historical book that covers more than 2000 years of history
There are approximately 1948 years from Adam to the birth of Abraham.
All of this is covered in the first 11 chapters.
Genesis is a Greek word meaning "beginning"
The rest of the book takes place over about 286 years.
Genesis keys on 4 major events and 4 key men.
Leviticus is God’s guidebook for his newly redeemed people
Exodus showed us the path of redemption that God had prepared for Israel
Leviticus shows Israel how they are to approach God
This book is more like a sermon or essay than a letter
Hebrews was written to the Jews who had become believers in Christ but were now shaky in their faith
The letter places a heavy emphasis on doctrine and shows how Christ is superior
Hebrews is key to understanding the priestly ministry and atoning work of Christ on our behalf
Traditionally the author of this book has always been thought to be James the brother of Christ
Faith is a central theme throughout the book
A main treatise of the book is that faith without works is dead
James explains how real faith brings about action
This book offers comfort and counsel to those who are suffering for Christ
Peter gives us a divine perspective on the trials and persecution that we can face
Suffering brings about Christlikeness if we respond to it properly
1 Peter talks about properly handling trouble from outside the church
2 Peter deals with trouble from inside the church
Peter also encourages believers to become strong and confident in their faith
False teachers and false teaching are the main focus
Knowledge of the truth is the proper personal response to false teaching
1 John is one of the richest and most inspiring letters in the Bible
John the disciple, now apostle, clearly has a pastors heart for the people
This letter seems to have at least 5 purposes
to promote fellowship
to promote happiness
to protect holiness
to prevent heresy
to provide hope
This letter is just 13 verses long
The intended audience of this book seems specific rather than general
John makes mention that the letter is incomplete but that he will share the rest in person
The book has two main ideas
Abide in God's Commandments
Do not abide with false teaching
This is another brief letter from John, this time it is addressed to a person named Gaius
This letter draws attention to the contrast between truth and error
John speaks joyfully about the servanthood of Gaius and commends him highly
While he condemns Diotrephes for his pride and self serving ways
Diotrephes was apparently rejecting John's authority and expelling people from the church
It is likely that the author of this book was another brother of Jesus
This letter is concerned with the threat of heretical teaching in the church
Like many other books that deal with this topic it also focuses on the proper response of the believer
We are encouraged to grow in faith in order to stand firm
Revelation could be called the consummation of all the promises God has made toward mankind
The first sentence tells us that this is a revelation of Jesus Christ
It tells of what soon must take place
The first 3 chapters are messages to 7 churches
The rest of the book deals with end time prophecy
Interpretation may be difficult but we know that God has a plan and is sovereign over all
The danger of unbelief is clearly seen
The children of Israel struggle to believe in and obey God and suffer judgment because of it
Three sermons are featured in the book to remind, guide and give hope
The first sermon (chapters 1-4) recounts the history of the nation and God's faithfulness
The second (4-26) focuses on what God expects of Israel through the giving of the law
The last sermon(27-34) tells of what God will do!