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PSYA4 - Intro to Addiction
Transcript of PSYA4 - Intro to Addiction
"Do something pleasurable, and the chances are that you want to do it again. Do it a lot and you have a habit"
A few though can turn into a problem!
Some times it is so serious we call it an addiction
All definitions agree that addiction involves
You really feel you cannot do without it
Physical Need - cutting off supply makes you ill
Increased tolerance - need more and more for the same affect
- Therefore leaves plenty of room for disagreement amoung researchers about its diagnosis, cause, effect, treatment and prevention.
Repetitive habit pattern, increasing the risk of disease and/or associated personal and social problems.
What is included in this unit?
We are going to describe and evaluate the following models (explanations) of addiction:
The biological model
The cognitive model
Social Learning model
For all the models of explanation you need to understand how the model/explanation explains the
of addictive behaviours.
Initiation: this refers to the process where individuals start to become addicted
Maintenance: This is the process whereby people continue to behave addictively even in the face of adverse consequences
Relapse: this is the process whereby individuals who have managed to give up their addictive habits start to show signs and symptoms of the behaviour again.
Knowledge and understanding of relevant theories and studies (AO1)
Analysis and evaluation of relevant theories and studies. (AO2/3)
You will also Undertake practical activities involving collection, analysis and interpretation of qualitative and quantitative data (AO3)
The Psychology of addictive behaviour
1. Models of addictive behaviour (Bio/Cog/learning - explanations for specific addictions, including smoking and gambling)
2. Factor affecting addictive behaviour (vulnerbility to addiction/Media)
3. Reducing addictive behaviour (models of prevention, types of intervention)
How many addictions can you name?
Why does someone become addicted?
Year 13 Introduction to..
The key issue with addiction is the lack of character. Addiction is a result of a weakness or moral failure in the individual. The treatment is to get people to repent then repair their moral strength.
“addictive behaviours are much more temporary and dependent on the situation we are in. People move out of addictive behaviours as their life circumstances change.”
“there is a genetic disposition towards addictive behaviour – there is evidence that show a higher incidence of certain genes in people with addictive behaviours.”
“ addiction comes from a disorder of the body such as a neurochemical imbalance – in this model the individual has little control over their behaviour “
1. To be able to recall what the term addiction means
2. To be able to identify the three stages of addiction
3. To be able to explain the three stages of addiction
1. Apply to certain addictions
1. Read the cognitive approach from P240 - 241 & TN.
D form for no Stage 2!!
Year 13 Psychology - Review of Sz
1. Discuss issues relating to the reliability and validity of classifying and diagnosing Sz (8+16)
2. Outline & evaluate two or more psychological explanations of Sz (8+16)
Review of the mark schemes & Examiners report
Essay plans for all Sz
Possible generic questions to consider
Operationalise the following variables:
Doing something in the morning or in the afternoon
Being drunk or sober
A beautiful woman or a less attractive one
A young child or an older child
Being hungry or not hungry