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My Career Day project for Social Studies Class.

Peter Rutkowski

on 2 March 2013

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Personal Introduction JOB DESCRIPTION Job Requirements Anesthesiology Job Outlook/Personal and Academic Action Plan Conclusion Bibliography General Duties
and Hours: - Interests - *One of my hobbies includes playing the piano. I play mostly classical style music and for church. Also, I run cross-country and track, as far as athletics goes. These are my main hobbies. *I have never really had a favorite subject; for the most part, I like them all equally. If I had to choose, however, I would probably choose Mathematics as my favorite subject. I enjoy all of the other subjects as well. Strengths: *I find that working with computers and easy-to-use programs such as Microsoft Publisher and Prezi is a pleasant and relatively easy task for me. For artistic talents, I am at an advanced level of classical piano (unfortunately, drawing, sculpture, and other visual arts are an entirely different story). Finally, debating various topics is something that I find energizing. *I believe my main social skill is that I am not afraid or wary of performing something in front of others, whether it be a piano work, a speech, or just participation in class discussions. *Most of the community service that I have done in the past dealt with my pianistic abilities. For example, I try to volunteer and play piano for school/church fundraisers and I have performed mini recitals for a retirement home. *My academic achievement includes a 4.0 GPA, being a part of the Math Counts team in 7th grade for DMS, and finally, being a part of the English Academic Superbowl team in 7th grade that won first place in the state.
ROLE MODELS TO EMULATE *People that I consider to be wonderful role models include parents, members of my family, other students, present and past teachers, and many other adults and younger people I know that I greatly respect. {Personal Statement of Career Goals} *After a great deal of decision-making, I finally chose to do this project on the career that I am most interested in at this stage of my life: ANESTHESIOLOGIST: *There are many reasons of why I would like to become an anesthesiologist. First of all, I think what it entails is something that I will enjoy doing (see the job description). Also, the job outlook on it is very positive, and I need a steady job so that I can support myself and a family if I have one. Further still, I do not mind having to work hard and having to go to college for a long time. This job pays quite well (over six figures!), and I would like to be able to have the means to travel and to retire at a young age. Anesthesiologists play an important
role in any surgery. They work with
other physicians and surgeons, and
are responsible for:
- pre-surgical patient assessments
- directing the anesthesia care team
- managing/alleviating patient's pain
- monitoring vital functions during
surgery Before surgery, anesthesiologists perform
pre-surgical consultation with the patient
and/or the surgical team to determine the
plan of action before, during, and after surgery.
The patient's overall health is considered to
decide on the safest way of administering
anesthesia. Next, anesthesia (pain relief) is a chief duty. Three
kinds of anesthesia are used during surgery - General, Local, and Regional. General is administered to the patient by means of a vapor or an injection, and is used to numb the entire body.
Local is given through an injection and numbs a specific body part. Thirdly, Regional anesthesia is
an injection that numbs a whole area of the body. Additionally, anesthesiologists are responsible for
monitoring the patient as the surgery is in process.
He/she watches the vital signs, including heart rate, blood pressure, temperature, and breathing. The
anesthesiologist may also have to adjust the
anesthesia during the surgery due to any changes in a patient's body. After surgery, anesthesiologists administer medicines to reverse the effects of the anesthesia and so that the patient regains consciousness. Also, they monitor patients in the recovery room. Then, they are the physicians who give the order for patients to be taken to their room. Finally, anesthesiologists manage post-operative pain with medicines. One other job of an anesthesiologist is to direct the anesthesia care team, which is a team of physicians and non-physician anesthesia providers. (Non-physicians are people such as certified nurse anesthetists, assistants, or student nurse anesthetists. The anesthesiologist may order other team members to monitor patients and/or perform other tasks; however, he/she assumes overall responsibility for patients. - Anesthesiologists work about 60 hours a week (according to both the doctor I interviewed and online). They often have to work night shifts and spend the night at the hospital. However, sometimes anesthesiologists may only have to work for a few hours a day. - THE WORK ENVIRONMENT - Tools used in this occupation:

Arterial line catheters — Intra-arterial catheters; Swan Ganz artery catheters

Cardiac output CO monitoring units or accessories — Heart rate monitors; Invasive hemodynamic pressure monitors

Electronic stethoscopes or accessories — Precordial stethoscopes; Pretracheal stethoscopes

Endotracheal or tracheotomy sets — Tracheostomy sets

Gas anesthesia apparatus — Anesthesia gas concentration monitors; Anesthesia monitors; Digital anesthesia machines; Gas anesthesia administration machines

Technology used in this occupation:

Electronic mail software — Microsoft Outlook

Internet browser software — Web browser software

Medical software — AetherPalm InfusiCalc; Electronic medical record EMR software; Medical calculator software; Skyscape 5-Minute Clinical Consult

Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel

Word processing software — Microsoft Word ANESTHESIOLOGISTS WORK MAINLY IN HOSPITALS
LOW FOR INCREASED STERILITY. The Job's Highs and Lows: HIGHS: * The average salary for an anesthesiologist, at $317,037, is well above the national average. The bottom 25% in the U.S. make $258,590 (still a great amount of money). The top 75% in the U.S. make $372,604. LOWS: Anesthesiologists have a huge deal of responsibility.
They ensure a person's vital bodily mechanisms
continue to function while administering drugs to numb or sedate the patient. Thus, there is serious liability if something goes wrong. As a result, these specialists must have a large amount of malpractice insurance. * Anesthesiologists are needed in hospitals and pain management/trauma centers in almost any location.
So, they have much flexibility, as they can live and practice nearly anywhere. Also, if one would opt to stop practicing, then he/she could find a job at a medical school as a professor fairly easily. * Unlike other physicians, there is not as much personal involvement and interaction with patients required of anesthesiologists. The only contact with patients occurs at the brief consultation before surgery. - Academic Requirements: High School - Receive very good grades across all classes. Focus on algebra, biology, chemistry, geometry, physics, trigonometry, anatomy and physiology, humanities, health occupations/medical professions education, psychology, and computer skills.

College and Beyond - Complete a pre-med. program at an accredited college/university (4 years). Also, earn a high score on the MCAT (Medical College Admissions Test), and get accepted into a school of medicine. Then, after these 4 years, do another 4 years in an anesthesiology residency (there are around 160 in the U.S.). Finally, you can opt for a 1 year fellowship to study a particular branch of anesthesiology. SOCIAL AND INTERPERSONAL:

An anesthesiologist must be able to work with patients, as they must meet with them at a consultation before surgery. Also, an anesthesiologist must be a good leader, as they have to be able to direct an anesthesiology team. OTHER REQUIREMENTS: Here are additional requirements that make an anesthesiologist ideal:

1. Have the ability to gently educate patients about procedures that will be used during surgery.
2. Have a calm and assuring demeanor.
3. Be detail-oriented and precise. - Job Outlook - The overall job outlook for anesthesiology is very good. The demand and number of physicians and surgeons will continue to grow due to an increasing and aging population that needs more specialized treatment. The need for anesthesiologists is especially high in rural and low-income areas where doctors are few.

Anesthesiology is expected to grow in the coming years (from now to the year 2021) by a high 24%, which is much higher than the national average growth percent, 14%.
High School Classes and College Major to pursue: Do well in all high school classes, especially
the following: algebra, biology, chemistry, geometry, physics, trigonometry, anatomy and physiology, humanities, health occupations/medical professions education, psychology, and computer skills.

Pursue a college major in an area like biology (many of those who want to become an anesthesiologist major in biology). Then, pursue a doctorate in anesthesiology at a medical school and at an anesthesiology residency. Perhaps volunteer at a hospital just to get a feel for what it is like to work at that environment. Perhaps participate in an extra-cirricular activity that involves biology or science to increase knowledge in that field. I AM GOING TO WORK TOWARD BECOMING AN ANESTHESIOLOGIST. This career interests me because I am interested
in science, mathematics, and in medicine in general.
Anesthesiology is the branch of medicine that does not sound exciting to me, and I like the fact that anesthesiologists do not have to deal too much with patients. I do not mind the long years of schooling, the outlook for this job is great, and the pay is excellent (300K+)! www.bls.gov
Interview with Dr. Peter O'Neil M.D. Interview with Dr. Peter O'Neil I interviewed a local anesthesiologist who works at Goshen Hospital. I asked some questions, and here is a compilation of his responses: First of all, there is more than one type of anesthesiologist. Various types do include chronic pain anesthesia, cardiac, pediatric, regional, neurotic, and more. Dr. O'Neil practices many of these kinds of anesthesiology. To be an anesthesiologist, you must be punctual, patient, cautious, intellectual, flexible, and even somewhat humorous. He became an anesthesiologist because he thought it was an interesting field, and many of his relatives were also in that profession. Dr. O'Neil said it was crucial to GET GOOD GRADES, in high school, college, and in medical school. His typical day begins with him going to the hospital at 7 am, changing into scrubs, and then visiting the first patient. He performs a physical exam and a consultation, and he forms a plan for the surgicl procedures. Dr. O'Neil then puts the plan in action and carries it through. Finally, he takes the patient to the recovery room. He said he might do this 3-4 times a day. On average, he said, he might work 60 hours/week, and at various times - at night, in the morning, etc... He loves his career because he is interested in drugs and how they work, and he enjoys helping others as well. What he dislikes about his career, on the other hand, is the fact that Medicare, Medicaid, Obamacare, and other government programs do not pay the full price for their work - they only get about 17 cents for every dollar. He hates being pushed around by the government. Finally, he offfered some advice for me: Get good grades, especially in college. Read. Remain curious about the world and way things work. Volunteer to get exposure to medicine and job shadow. THANKS FOR WATCHING! (an anesthesiology team) BIOLOGY
CLASS: 12 YEARS OF SCHOOLING = An Arterial Line Catheter Tracheostomy Set
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