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Neuroplasticity and the Growth Mindset

The beginnings of a workshop on neuroplasticity and using that knowledge to instill hope and resilience in school aged children
by

Robert Benjamin

on 18 July 2015

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Transcript of Neuroplasticity and the Growth Mindset

Fostering a growth mindset has been shown to reduce attributions of hostile intent.
(Yeager et al., 2013)*
Neuroplasticity and the Growth Mindset
What is neuroplasticity?
What is a growth mindset?
The belief that our abilities are malleable. We can get better through effort and learning.

Our brain is clay.
What can we do?
Show your mistakes and be a role model for growth!
Why is this important?
LD children are bullied more
What is a fixed mindset?
the belief in "natural talent": we are either good at something or not.

Our brain is set in stone.
Fixed Mindset Language
I'm just not a math person
Maybe physics isn't your thing
Growth Mindset Language
I'm not a good writer...yet
I'm not a great writer
You are so smart!
Neuroplasticity is the
ability of the brain to
adapt to a changing
environment.

Your brain can grow
through exercise, just
like a muscle!

image source: http://heartneystudio.com/lisaheartney/wp-content/uploads/2015/03/exercises13176.jpg
image source: http://heathen-hub.com/Stone_brain_500px_Neanderthal_117_0710_IMGP7985.jpg
image source: http://static.fjcdn.com/pictures/There+is+an+elephant+in+the+way+_d4ebf2_17552.jpg
image source: http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/answer-sheet/files/2013/03/math.jpg
image source: http://www.wpphilippines.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/06/writing-is-hard-e1330393073180.jpg

image source: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/44/Albert_Einstein_Head_Cleaned_N_Cropped.jpg
image source: http://thepoliticalcarnival.net/wp-content/uploads/2014/02/MuscleBrainORIG.jpg
image source: https://nevalalee.files.wordpress.com/2011/01/good-writing-3.jpg
You must have worked so hard!
image source: http://www.boloji.com/articlephotos/a12934.png
- Leonid Afremov
image source: http://afremov.com/image.php?type=P&id=17681
I love all the detail you put in this!
Looks like all that practice paid off!
image source: http://bloximages.chicago2.vip.townnews.com/wcfcourier.com/content/tncms/assets/v3/editorial/5/6e/56e234a2-581c-11e3-b25e-001a4bcf887a/52972290532bf.preview-620.jpg
LD children have greater difficulty processing errors
LD children's higher risk for anxiety and depression is linked to their academic struggles
LD children are at higher risk for anxiety and depression
LD children experience more stress in school
Growth mindset interventions have been shown to increase activity in error processing regions of the brain.
A growth mindset can instill hope and hope can make them more resilient.
A growth mindset can reduce subjective feelings of stress.
(Ofiesh & Mather, 2013)
(Mammarella et al., 2014)
(Ackerman et al., 2007)
(Horowitz-Kraus & Breznitz, 2014)
(Ofiesh & Mather, 2013)
(Yeager et al., 2014)
(Moser et al. 2011; Schroder et al., 2014)
Yeager, D.S., Miu, A.S., Powers, J., & Dweck, C. S. (2013). Implicit Theories of Personality and Attributions of Hostile Intent: A Meta-Analysis, an Experiment, and a Longitudinal Intervention.
Child Development, 84
(5), 1651-1667.
Key Findings:
In their meta-analysis, they found that adolescents with fixed mindsets would attribute more hostile intent of others in simulations of exclusion or hypothetical scenarios.
In their experiment, they..
(Dockterman & Blackwell, 2014)
(Dockterman & Blackwell, 2014)
Looks like your hard work paid off!
I know this is hard, way to stick with it!
That is a really well-crafted sentence!
How do you get to Carnegie Hall?
Practice. Practice. Practice.
Well, I seriously burned that chicken. I think next time I'll set the oven to a lower setting and be more patient.
Praise kids early and often, especially for persistence!
Praise effort instead of ability.
Give specific and meaningful praise.
Reinforce growth mindsets through metaphors/fables/jokes
image source: https://cdn.psychologytoday.com/files/u693/brain-exercises.jpg
Spread growth mindset throughout your school
Check out this website:
www.mindsetworks.com/
References
Ackerman, B. P., Izard, C. E., Kobak, R., Brown, E. D., Smith, C. (2007). Relation Between Reading Problems and Internalizing Behavior in School for Preadolescent Children From Economically Disadvantaged Families.
Child Development, 78
(2), 581-596.
Cozolino, L. (2010).
The neuroscience of psychotherapy: Healing the social brain.
New York, NY: W. W. Norton & Company, Inc. Chapter 2: Building and rebuilding the brain (pp. 12-31)
Dockterman, D., & Blackwell, L. (2014).
Growth mindset in context: content and culture matter too.
International Centre for Leadership in Education. Retrieved from www.leadered.com/pdf/GrowthMindset.pdf
Gunderson, E. A., Gripshover, S. J., Romero, C., Dweck, C. S., Goldin-Meadow, S., & Levine, S. (2013). Parent Praise to 1- to 3-Year-Olds Predicts Children's Motivational Frameworks 5 Years Later.
Child Development, 84
(5), 1526-1541.
Horowitz-Kraus, T. & Breznitz, Z. (2014). Can reading rate acceleration improve error monitoring and cognitive abilities underlying reading in adolescents with reading difficulties and in typical readers?
Brain Research, 1544,
1-14.
Mammarella, I. C., Ghisi, M., Bomba, M., Bottesi, G., Caviola, S., Broggi, F., & Nacinovich, R. (2014). Anxiety and Depression in Children with Nonverbal Learning Disabilities, Reading Disabilities, or Typical Development.
Journal of Learning Disabilities.
Advance online publication.
Moser, J. S., Schroder, H. S., Heeter, C., Moran, T. P., and Lee, Y. H. (2011). Mind Your Errors: Evidence for a Neural Mechanism Linking Growth Mind-Set to Adaptive Posterror Adjustments. Psychological Science, 22(12), 1484-1489.
Ofiesh, N., & Mather, N. (2013). Resilience in the child with learning disabilities. In Goldstein, S., & Brooks, R. (Eds.)
Handbook of resilience in children (2nd edition)
(pp.329-348). New York, NY: Springer.
Schroder, H. S., Moran, T. P., Donnellan, M. B., & Moser, J. S. (2014). Mindset induction effects on cognitive control: A neurobehavioral investigation. Biological Psychology, 103, 27-37
Southwick, S. M. & Charney, D. S. (2012). Resilience: the science of mastering life's greatest challenges. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.
Yeager, D. S., Johnson, R., Spitzer, B. J., Trzeniewski, K. H., Powers, J., & Dweck, C. S. (2014). The Far-Reaching Effects of Believing People Can Change: Implicit Theories of Personality Shape Stress, Health, and Achievement During Adolescence.
Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 106
(6), 867-884.
Yeager, D.S., Miu, A.S., Powers, J., & Dweck, C. S. (2013). Implicit Theories of Personality and Attributions of Hostile Intent: A Meta-Analysis, an Experiment, and a Longitudinal Intervention.
Child Development, 84
(5), 1651-1667.
(Cozolino, 2010)
(Gunderson et al., 2013)
(Olfiesh & Mather, 2013)
(Southwick & Charney, 2012)
Full transcript