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Climate

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Andrea A.

on 20 April 2013

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Transcript of Climate

"I don't really consider this a political issue, I consider it to be a moral issue." -Al Gore Taking Action to Limit Climate Change Ontario taking action on climate change The Kyoto Protocol What Canadian businesses and industries can do Ontario is responding to climate change in two distinct ways: Ontario is taking action to reduce the production of greenhouse gases and changing the way the citizens do things so we can adapt to our already changing world. Ontario will be trying to reduce green house gas emissions by: Phasing out coal - Ontario was the first jurisdiction in North America with a regulation in place to phase out coal-fired electricity. Supporting Green Power - A $150 million investment toward a bundle of green energy programs. A large amount of Ontario’s electricity now comes from emissions-free sources like wind, water, solar, bio gas and nuclear. Protecting Green Spaces - Ontario is protecting the boreal forest in the north, planting 50 million trees in southern Ontario by 2020 and encouraging Ontarians to eat fresh, locally-grown foods. Producing Energy There are some specific actions that can be done in Canada to reduce our emissions of greenhouse gases. They are as followed: Transportation Industries Building and contracting Agriculture Waste Management Forests The Kyoto Protocol was adopted in Kyoto, Japan, on December 11th, 1997 and entered into force on 16 February 2005. The Kyoto Protocol is an international agreement linked to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. Under the Treaty, countries must meet their targets primarily through national measures. However, the Kyoto Protocol offers them an additional means of meeting their targets by way of three market-based mechanisms. The mechanisms help stimulate green investment and help Parties meet their emission targets in a cost-effective way. Red= No longer member of Kyoto protocol.
Green= Countries who agree to Kyoto protocol
Brown=Member of Kyoto protocol, but does not give its consent.
This is as of December 2012 The Kyoto mechanisms are:
Emissions trading – known as “the carbon market" 
Clean development mechanism (CDM)
Joint implementation (JI). The major feature of the Kyoto Protocol is that it sets binding targets for 37 industrialized countries and the European community for reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions .These amount to an average of five per cent against 1990 levels over the five-year period 2008-2012. Graphs showing the distribution of registered projects by UNFCCC How the Canadian government plans to take action "The warnings about global warming have been extremely clear for a long time. We are facing a global climate crisis. It is deepening. We are entering a period of consequences." -Al Gore, speech at National Sierra Club Convention, Sept. 9, 2005 How are we taking action? Carbon Footprint Carbon footprint is the amount of carbon dioxide emitted due to the consuming of the fossil fuels by people. According to Canada’s one tonne challenge, every Canadian produces 5 tonnes of green house gases every year. Ways to reduce your carbon footprint: To help reduce pollution in transportation, if your destination isn’t far away, walk, use a bike. For energy, reduce your home heating and electricity use. More energy efficient appliances. One way to reduce your carbon footprint is to choose foods that are organic and low on the food chain Composting organic waste and recycling will greatly help reduce the greenhouse gas emissions. For more information visit: http://www.takepart.com/an-inconvenient-truth/action http://www.climatechange.gc.ca/default.asp?lang=En&n=E18C8F2D-1 http://www.savetheearth.org/ http://www.wwf.ca/ Proposed regulations to improve fuel efficiency and reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions of small vehicles


These proposed regulations are an important part of the Government of Canada's overall climate change strategy, which aims to reduce GHG emissions by 17% from 2005 levels by 2020. Improve fuel efficiency At today’s gas prices, a Canadian driving a model year 2025 vehicle would pay, on average, around $900 less per year compared to driving today’s new vehicles. Expected to reduce GHG’s by 162 mega tonnes. Strict United States regulations and thus provides significant environmental and economic benefits and preserves the competitiveness of Canadian vehicle manufacturers within the highly integrated North American auto industry. Technologically advanced vehicles such as electric vehicles and plug-in hybrids
Fast-Start Financing is developed countries funding developing countries so they can reduce emissions and adapt to climate change. Canada has committed 1.2 billion dollars toward Fast-Start Financing for the years 2010-2013. Canada’s support mainly focuses on three areas: adaptation, clean energy and forests and agriculture.
An example of Canada’s funding for adaptation is:
Funding Recipient/Project: Haiti - Local Governance for Risk and Disaster ManagementCanada's Contribution: $4.5 million Targeted Country/Region: HaitiFunding Period: 2010/2011
Canada provided fast-start financing to Haiti to help communities more effectively respond to the negative impacts of climate change, and to reduce vulnerability to natural disasters through the rehabilitation and the protection of watersheds, the promotion of sustainable management of agriculture and forestry resources, and the promotion of water conservation.
In February 2012, Canada, along with Bangladesh, Ghana, Mexico, Sweden, the United States, and the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), launched the Climate and Clean Air Coalition (CCAC).
The Coalition has identified five areas to take immediate action:
-Reducing black carbon emissions from heavy duty diesel vehicles and engines;
-Reducing SLCPs and other pollutants from brick production;
-Reducing SLCPs from the waste management sector;
-Alternative technology and standards promotion for HFCs;
-Accelerating methane and black carbon reductions from oil and gas production An example of Canada’s funding for clean energy is:
Funding Recipient/Project: Mexico/Colombia - Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Action (NAMA) in the Oil & Gas Sector in Collaboration with the Petroleum Technology Alliance Canada (PTAC)
Canada's Contribution: $3 million
Funding Period: 2011/12 and 2012/13
Targeted Country/Region: Mexico and Colombia. This initiative provides technical and financial support to Mexico and Colombia for the development and implementation of mitigation actions in the oil and gas sector through capacity building, feasibility studies and pilot projects. Once implemented, greenhouse gas emissions from the housing sector will be significantly
An example of Canada’s funding for Forests & Agriculture is:
Funding Recipient/Project: Congo Basin Forest Fund - Protecting the Congo Basin Forest
Canada's Contribution: $20 million
Funding Period: 2011/12
Targeted Country/Region: Central Africa
Project Description: The Congo Basin in Central Africa is home to one-quarter of the world's tropical forests. This vast area is critical for regional and global ecological services as it acts as a carbon sink and catchment basin. The Congo Basin countries are the home to nearly 100 million people, of which some of the world's poorest people, many of whom depend on the forest for their livelihoods. So sustainable management of the Congo Basin is key to improving living conditions while lowering the impact on the local and global environment. Thank you for listening Clean Energy Fast-Start Financing Adaptation Forest & Agriculture Climate and Clean Air Coalition (CCAC) The green club in St. Augustine does environmentally healthy actives and gain points for doing so. We have “The Monitors off Program,” to reduce energy usage. For every 1000 monitors turned off you can save up to 80,000 dollars in energy. Just by picking up a piece of garbage and throwing it into a trash can, can help. The eco-schools goal is to get every school in Ontario to be eco-friendly. Although St. Augustine was one of the last schools in Ontario to get involved with eco-schools, it does not mean we are not contributing to saving energy and trying to keep our earth green. We can help by doing the following:
bring litterless lunches to school
plant trees and flowers around your school
recommend custodians to use eco friendly cleaning chemicals such as, “GreenWorks”
compost or introduce a composting program
-turn lights off and monitors when not in use
-pick up garbage from the ground and throw it out in the nearest trash can Organizations working to stop global warming Lots of organizations are working to help combat global warming. Some organizations work to try and get governments to pass new legislature to stop global warming as a country, while others like GreenPeace work to combat global warming at the local level by scheduling cleanup days and working with factories to lower emissions. Examples of these organizations include: David Suzuki, EcoSchool Design and GreenPeace http://www.stopglobalwarming.org/
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