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Jean Dubuffet

3D Investigation _ Tracy Kim

Tracy Kim

on 10 March 2011

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Transcript of Jean Dubuffet

Jean Dubuffet Born in Le Havre on July 31, 1901.
In 1918, he went to Paris and studied at the Académie Julian but soon gave up his study.
He was inspired by Dufy, Leger, and Hans Prinzhorn's psychopathic art book.
Took over his father's business - selling wines - in 1924.
He temporarily returned to painting in 1933, producing puppets and masks. However, his creativity remained only for 5 years.
Finally in 1942 he decided to devote himself to painting due to a passion for primitive and naive art forms.
In 1945 Dubuffet started his first portrait drawing of Jean Paulhan, which led him to draw anaother portrait of Paul L'Eautaud, then eventually into a series work.
He composed ranges of paintings from 1940s' archetypical figures to unrestrained outbursts of gestural brushstrokes.
Died in Paris on May 12, 1985. Citation

http://www.contemporaryartdaily.com/2008/11/jean-dubuffet-at-pace-wildenstein/ Biography Citation 2D works 3D works The Window, 1965 Canine, 1966 Dubuffet began the Hourloupe cycle in 1962. In the beginning, he drew the cycle in composed of drawings and paintings, Le Triomphateur, 1973 however, soon Dubuffet wanted his drawings to get a greater "corporality."
Therefore, he transformed the flattened images into three-dimension as if his "drawings [were] extend and expand in space."

Dubuffet's both two-dimension works and three-dimention works are characterized with Hourloupe cycle, whch have three predominae colors: red, white, and blue with sinous or curvy black lines.
Dubuffet's spontaneous, natural shapes and curves are shown in both of his two-dimentional and three-dimentional works. And yet, only difference is their space (positive and negative space). Tour aux Récits, 1973-2000 "Le Dandy"
15 feet
Location: Wells Fargo Center, 333 S. Grand Avenue, Bunker Hill, Los Angeles.

All most all of Dubuffet's sculpture series are full of organic and abstract shapes. In fact, Le Dandy is one of the sculptures that is closest to his two-dimentional drawings. Compared to "Monument with Standing Beast," "Le Dandy" is thinner (or flatter) when it is seen from a different angle. With that said, since it is a flat sculpture with few pieces, it has not much of negative spaces but only around the sculpture. "Monument au Phantome"
20 feet
Location: 1100 Louisiana Street, Downtown Houston

This work is similar to "Monument with Standing Beast" in a way that they both have a lot of curvey shapes with thick black outlines and negative spaces, which blend in well with shadows of the positive spaces, attract people to the center of the sculpture.

But the major difference is that "Monument au Phantome" does not have any sharp or intense impression like "Monument with Standing Beast" does. Even from many different views, any aggressiveness is found.
Addition to that, "Monument au Phantome" is more colorful then the other. Exhibition Title:
Monumental Sculpture from the Hourloupe Cycle "Monument with Standing Beast"
By Jean Dubuffet
29 feet
Location: James R Thompson Center Plaza.

"Monument with Standing Beast" is comprised of four elements; a standing animal, a tree, a portal, and an architectural form.
Dubuffet demonstrate these shapes of elements in very theoratical way. There are mixture of short and tall smooth shapes but at the same time, because of the pointy tips of the tall parts, the sculpture gives a sharp impression from a different view.
Positive spaces are dominant in this sculpture. More importantly, positive spaces that are seen through the negative spaces, give a mysterious mood of the sculpture. And also the shades harmonized with negative spaces are making the sculpture more attractive. "Milord la Chamarre"
("My Lord of the Fancy Vest," also called "The Mummer")
24-feet high (base height 10'2")
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, south side of Market Street between 15th and 16th, facing northwest.

This sculpture is unique because Dubuffet hardly used stainless steel. And yet, he unified his works by using black epoxy paint with black outlines.
It is interesting the absence of negative spaces is hard to detact. In other words, positive spaces are dominant over the negative spaces for thie piece.
Three Men Walking II
Metropolitan Museum of Art,
Bronze; H. 30-1/8, W. 13, D. 12-3/4 inches (76.5 x 33 x 32.4 cm.) Alberto Giacometti Giacometti's works are very different from Dubuffet's.
First of all, Dubuffet uses epoxy resin or painted polystyrene for his sculptures while Giacometti uses bronze for most of his works.
Since the materials are different, the works' spaces and the mood that conveys are different. Dubuffet's works have smooth and soothing mood due to the organic shapes. Giacometti's, on the other hand, conveys gloomy and depressing mood due to thin and rough surface of the bronze sculptures. Similarities Differences Exhibition Title:
Monumental Sculpture from the Hourloupe Cycle Jean Dubuffet vs Giacometti and Dubuffet successfully created sculpture both conceptually and stylistically. They both tested and experimented to used fragile materials, such as plaster or glass.

Both Giacomettie and Dubuffet resemble similar drawing style, which consisted of continuous lines that swirl around the subjects. They convey abstract concepts through their sculptures.
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