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Karl Marx / Animal Farm
Transcript of Karl Marx / Animal Farm
George Orwell, the author of Animal Farm, was a democratic socialist. He did not entirely agree with the idea of Marxist society although he respected Karl Marx.
In 1954 Home Vision Entertainment released an animated movie based off of George Orwell's novel "Animal Farm"
Who Was Karl Marx?
Karl Marx was a German scholar born in Trier, Germany. He was also a philosopher, economist, social scientist, sociologist, historian, journalist, and revolutionary socialist. Karl Marx invented communism also known as Marxism. He felt people were treated unequally and were misunderstood. He believed there were no classes and therefore everyone was equal in his mind.
Who Was Old Major?
A prize-winning boar whose vision of a socialist economy serves as the inspiration for the Rebellion of Mr. Jones' Manor Farm.
Old major felt animals were being mistreated and after a speech, he was able to spark rebellion among them.
The Old Major was a symbol. He represented Karl Marx.
Old Majors dream was a simplified version of the communist manifesto published by both Karl Marx and Fredrick Engels in 1848
Orwell created the character
Old Major as a symbol to represent Karl Marx.
Orwell had a great deal of respect for Marx. He appreciated Marx's power of speech and how he used it evoke and inspire people. The way that Orwell presents old major in the book gives an insight into his political feelings, and agreements with Marx. Marx's beliefs were ........ some of these points are clearly stated in the book. This shows how Orwell appreciated Marx's perspective and valued his beliefs.
1) Oppressed by the Russian Empire before the Russian Revolution
2) Karl Marx was widely recognized by his knowledge and philosophies
3) Marx wrote the "Communist Manifesto" which recorded his principals and theories of abolishing the class system.
4) Marx's "Communist Manifest" is convinced to be what Communism is based on. The idea of equality motivated Stalin and Lenin to start the Russian Revolution, which overpowered the Russian Empire.
5) However Karl Marx did not live to see the Russian Revolution that took place in 1917. He was then buried in Highgate Cemetery, North London.
6) After the Russian Revolution, Karl Marx's theories were distorted by Stalin, the Soviet dictator. He manipulated the people of the Soviet Union with violence and cruelty.
1) Oppressed by Mr Jones before the rebellion of the animals on Manor Farm
2) Old Major was a 'highly respected' boar by all the animals in the farm.
3) Old Major expressed his initial idea for all animals to rule and live freely through his speech in the 'big barn'.
4) Animalism convinced the animals that they are being oppressed by humans, and roared with their "wildest excitement" . Major's speech then inspired Snowball and Napoleon to initiate the rebellion against Mr Jones.
5) Old Major died 'three nights later' without having the chance to witness the animal's revolution. The animals buried his body at 'the foot of the orchard'.
6) After the animal's revolution against Mr Jones, Napoleon took charge of the Animal Farm. He abandoned the initial ideas that Old Major proposed, and corrupt the principles of Animalism.
1) The abolition of the property/ownership of land.
2) Income tax to be graded to income – the more an individual earned, the more they paid. The less you earned, the less you paid.
3) Abolition of all rights of inheritance.
4) The confiscation of all property of immigrants and rebels.
5) The centralisation of all credit into the hands of the state by means of a national bank with state capital and an exclusive economy.
6) Centralisation of all means of communication and transport into the hands of the state.
7) The extension of factories and the instrument of production owned by the state. Bringing into cultivation all land not being used that could be and an improvement in the fertility of the soil.
8) The equal obligation of all to work and the establishment of an industrial and agricultural armies.
9) The combination of agriculture and manufacturing industries with the gradual abolition of the distinction between town and country by the more equable distribution of the population over the country.
10) Free education for all children in public schools. The abolition of child labor in factories; an educated child would be better for society in the long term, than a child not educated.
Orwell and Marx's