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After the Persian Wars

This prezitation shows students what happened in Greece after the Persian Wars.

Erin Daniels

on 24 May 2010

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Transcript of After the Persian Wars

After the Persian War Age of Pericles By 460 B.C., Pericles was the strongest leader in Athens. He had three goals for Athens:
1. Strengthen Democracy
a. Paid people in public office, so poor
could hold office
b. Direct Democracy - "all" citizens
could propose and votes directly on
2. Expand Athens
a. Delian League - a league formed by
Greek city-states for protection
3. Beautify Athens
a. Rebuild the city
i. The Acropolis
ii. The Parthenon Peloponnesian War As Athens grew more powerful, tension grew with Sparta. In 431 B.C., they started a 27-year war that weakened Greece.

1. Fear of Athens becoming too powerful
2. Athenian navy was too large
3. Athenians moving into other city-states
4. Sparta didn't like and created rival league called the Peloponnesian League

In 421 B.C., they signed a truce and agreed to stop fighting. Athens finally surrendered to Sparta in 404 B.C.

Cities and crops were destroyed
Thousands died
Weak and defenseless against outside invaders, like King Phillip of Macedon
Greek City-states Conquered Because the Peloponnesian War weakened Greece, King Phillip of Macedonia decided to invade and conquer Greece.
Professional army
Used horses
New battle formations
New weapons - catapult
In 338 B.C., Phillip conquered all the city-states and became a dictator - no more democracy. In 336 B.C., his son, who would be called Alexander the Great, takes over. He conquers:
Egypt - he even becomes pharaoh

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