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The Eight Stages of Genocide - The Rwanda Genocide
Transcript of The Eight Stages of Genocide - The Rwanda Genocide
Belgium colonists believed that the Tutsi were natural rulers
the Tutsi were put into positions of authority
the Tutsi were considered superior because they were taller, "white looking"; more European like distinguished by appearance
Tutsi had lighter skin, longer noses, were taller
Hutu were darker skinned with broad noses
given identification cards stating which race they were Arusha Accords (Arusha Peace Agreement) passed; government positions to both Hutu and Tutsi
April 6, 1994, Rwandan president Juvenal Habyarimona's plane was shot down, all in it were killed
this event triggered the Hutu to begin their killing spree of the Tutsi (their political opponents) 6. Preparation Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF) and Habyarimana government were preparing for war as the Arusha Accords were being passed
armed forces being prepared
planning to kill opposing political leaders, including "moderate" Hutu
Habyarimana delayed passing the Arusha Peace Agreement, to allow more time for preparation the Tutsi people dehumanized by the Hutu
women and girls were raped
denied higher education, land ownership, positions in government
anti-Tutsi propaganda; radio and newspapers
referred to as cockroaches, snakes and trees Hutu set up road blocks, those identified as Tutsi were killed
Hutu militias worked in shifts to machete the Tutsi
places of refuge were targeted; churches, schools, stadiums, hospitals 7. Extermination 8. Denial instead of a genocide, it was referred to as the civil war
an American lawyer, Peter Erlinder, was arrested for denying the Rwanda Genocide began within hours of the president's plane being shot down
Tutsi were killed with machetes, grenades, bats
places of refuge, such as hospitals, churches, schools, stadiums, were targeted
estimate number of deaths from 500 000 to 1 000 000; 20% of the total population
Hutu set out to murder all of the Tutsi, regardless of age, sex, etc.
moderate Hutus were also targeted