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Identity and Self-Efficacy

KIN 247: Athletic identity & the 4 sources of efficacy

Sean Mullen

on 7 September 2012

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Transcript of Identity and Self-Efficacy

photo credit Nasa / Goddard Space Flight Center / Reto Stöckli Dr. Sean Mullen Identity & Self-Efficacy Facilitate actual mastery experiences
performance accomplishments
Follow up skill demonstrations with physical practice
vicarious + performance accomplishments
Information provided must be credible
verbal persuasion
Redefine fear or anxiety as readiness
emotional arousal Strategies to Enhance Self-Efficacy Hundreds of studies examining the SE - PA relationship. Among the findings:
SE influenced by personal qualities, prior experience, and social support
Performance accomplishments a major source of information, vicarious sources for new skills
SE and SE to overcome barriers
SE predicts early sport and exercise behavior but not always associated with adherence
High SE facilitates effective goal setting Self-efficacy Research 1. Performance accomplishments (mastery experiences)
individual must feel responsible for success
2. Vicarious experiences
individual must view model as similar
3. Verbal persuasion
conversation must be considered credible
4. Emotional arousal
interpret arousal as readiness vs. fear Sources of Efficacy Information Athletic identity (Brewer et al., 1993).
Based on Markus’ views on identity.
An exclusive identity as an athlete can predispose an athlete to emotional difficulties.
Exerciser identity (Kendzierski, 1994; Whaley, 2003)
Those schematic for exercise more likely to exercise and to have strategies to help them continue exercising.
Age and experience may influence these identities. Physical Selves: Identities The self is dynamic, constantly interacting and changing as it regulates behavior.
The self is multifaceted; that is, we all have multiple selves or schemas for behavior (e.g., golfer, daughter, student).
The self is social (both dependent and independent). Discrepancies between a self and cultural standards can be problematic. The Dynamic Self
(Markus & Wurf, 1987) Given requisite skills and adequate incentives:
SE ---> determinant of performance

Self efficacy influences:
Choice of activities
Effort expended (level and strength)
Persistence at task

Self efficacy is specific but may generalize Underlying
Assumptions The strength of a person’s belief or conviction that he or she can execute the behavior needed for successful performance
= situation-specific self-confidence
Conceptual model:
Person ---> Behavior ---> Performance
efficacy outcome
expectation expectation Self-efficacy Theory
(Bandura, 1977, 1986) Global
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