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Karen Evans

on 4 April 2011

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Transcript of Bluegrass

Bluegrass In the 1940s a Kentucky musician named Bill Monroe formed a band which developed its own distinctive sound. By mixing elements of Appalachian mountain music with blues, Irish, Jazz, swing and other musical styles, the group soon had a special flavor and an intense, hard-driving feel that was unmistakable. It became known as bluegrass, after the name of the band, Bill Monroe and the Bluegrass Boys. Mode A melodic mode is a series of tones as they are arranged in a scale. Old-Timey The term "Old-Time" fiddling can carry lots of meanings and implies many of the features of traditional fiddling in general, such as playing by ear, improvising, using "nonclassical" playing positions, and playing the repertoire of tunes handed down informally through the generations. Kickoff Lick Shuffle Chopping Tag Break Backup The rhythmic introduction to a fiddle tune, usually a measure or two in length, that sets its tempo and key A lick is a musician's term for a distinctive rhythmic or melodic idea, perhaps an ornamentation, used in improvisation. A shuffle is a repetitive, rhythmic bowing pattern. Using the bow as a percussive tool on the offbeats. A one-or two-bar ending that frequently signals the completion of a fiddle tune or a set of tunes. In traditional fiddling, a backup part is an accompanying musical line, rather than the main melody. It may be primarily rhythmic or harmonic, or a combination of both. A backup part often includes counterpoint. A break is a solo variation, usually improvised, based on the basic melodic, harmonic and rhythmic ideas of a tune. Terms

Jesse Cartwright Andrew Dambrauskas Karen Evans Jake Towe Paul Black Bethany Walters The Mixolydian mode is popular in modern bluegrass. Origins Bill Monroe William Smith Monroe (September 13, 1911–September 9, 1996) was a musician that helped create the genre of music called bluegrass. He played the mandolin in a band called the “Blue Grass Boys.” The name of this band also named the genre of music they played, Bluegrass. He was born in Kentucky but moved to Indiana in 1929 and formed his first band with his brothers Charlie and Birch. They called this band the Monroe brothers but it was not until 1938, along with many changes in the members of his band, did he create the Blue Grass Boys. He played for over sixty years as a band leader, instrumentalist, composer, and singer. He is often called the father of bluegrass. Instruments Fiddle Bowed or plucked instrument with four strings: E, A, D, and G. Part of the
chordophone family. Mandolin Plucked instrument with four sets of doubled strings: E, E, A, A, D, D, and G, G. Hollow wooden body with a fretted fingerboard. A descendent of the lute family. Harmonica The harmonica, also called harp, blues harp, french harp, and mouth organ, is a free reed wind instrument. It is played by blowing air into it or drawing air out by placing lips over individual holes (reed chambers) or multiple holes. Banjo Plucked instrument with either four or five strings. Five stringed banjos mostly used in Bluegrass music typically have the tuning: G, D, G, B, D. Bluegrass Traditional Acoustic Guitar String Bass Bowed or plucked instrument with four strings: G, D, A, and E. Member of the chordophone family. (Includes all of the traditional, plus...) Piano The piano is a musical instrument which is played by means of a keyboard. The word piano is a shortened form of the word pianoforte,
which is derived from the original Italian name for the instrument, clavicembalo col piano e forte (literally harpsichord with soft and loud).
This refers to the instrument's responsiveness to keyboard touch, which allows the pianist to produce notes at different dynamic levels
by controlling the speed with which the hammers hit the strings. Drums The drum is a member of the percussion group of music instruments, technically classified
as a membranous. Drums consist of at least one membrane, called a drumhead or drum skin,
that is stretched over a shell and struck, either directly with the player's hands, or with a drumstick,
to produce sound. Modern Harmonic Progression Traditional Most common form of bluegrass music: I-IV-V-I 12 Bar Blues Progression: I-IV-I-V-I Evolved Bluegrass More complex chord progressions Includes use of diminished and V7 chords, III, vi, and ii, and V7 substituted for V. Learning by Ear Experience of playing/hearing the music Trade off of melodies Looking at positions of hands on other instruments Forms Plucked instrument that has a hollow body and six strings: E, A, D, G, B, and E. Part of the chordophone family. Finger-picked, or played with a hard pick. Electric Instruments An electric musical instrument is one in which the use of electric devices determines or affects the sound produced by an instrument. Most electric musical instruments are electric versions of chordophones (including pianos, guitars and violins). Vocals Timbre Very natural vocals requires genuine emotional attachment, raw natural voice more participation from ordinary people meant to complement the folksy, natural instrumentation Community Participation Features harmony in up to four parts Intense vocal harmony encourages more participation Voices Tenor voice (usually the highest voice) often dissonant or modal Usually accompanied by a baritone on the bottom
Voice between the baritone and tenor carries melody
Example: I-ii-vi-IV-V-I
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