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Angola (global voices)

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Madison Kay

on 18 May 2010

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Transcript of Angola (global voices)

Recent Events Basic Facts petroleum, diamonds, iron ore, phosphates, copper, feldspar, gold, bauxite, uranium

Natural Resources Capital: Luanda Southern Africa, bordering the South Atlantic Ocean, between Namibia and Democratic Republic of the Congo Location Angola Population
12,799,293 (July 2009 est.)
according to the CIA Factbook AKA: Republic of Angola,
Republica de Angola
Formerly known as: People's Republic of Angola Culture Ovimbundu (37 percent of the population) North Mbundu/Kimbundu (25 percent)
Bakongo (13 percent) Ethnic Groups http://www.theglobeandmail.com/video/new-hospital-no-staff/article1526993/ Language: Portuguese and Umbundu Religion: Mostly Christianity but some traditional African religions Main force behind the UNITA rebel army during Angola's civil war Language: Kimbundu

This was banned from being taught in schools under Portuguese rule which led to this language being used less often amongst the educated

Religion: Traditional Religion; Christianity

"2002 June - UN appeals for aid for thousands of refugees heading home after the ceasefire.

2003 June - Unita - now a political party - elects Isaias Samakuva as its new leader.

2005 June - Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao visits, promises to extend more than $2 billion in new credit, in addition to a $3 billion credit line Beijing has already given Luanda.

2008 September - First parliamentary elections for 16 years. " History-Timeline Government Corruption Substandard Medical Care and Infrastructure 2006 billions of government dollars not accounted for Violence Continues In 2010 when Angola hosted the African Nations Cup a bus carrying Togo football team was attacked by Cabinda separatists. Hugely Profitable Oil Production Language: Kikongo

Religion: Christianity, animism

Bakongo or Kongo means "hunter" Percentages courtesy of Culture Grams
2005 March-May - Marburg virus, which is deadlier than Ebola, kills more than 300 people, most of them in the north.
2009 State oil firm Sonangol signs a deal to produce oil in Iraq
2004 September - Oil production reaches one million barrels per day. "1483 - Portuguese arrive.

17th and 18th centuries - Angola becomes a major Portuguese trading arena for slaves. Between 1580 and 1680 a million plus are shipped to Brazil.

1836 - Slave trade officially abolished by the Portuguese government. "
"1956 - The early beginnings of the socialist guerrilla independence movement, the People's Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA), based in northern Congo. .

1961 - Forced labor abolished after revolts on coffee plantations leave 50,000 dead. The fight for independence is bolstered.

1974 - Revolution in Portugal, colonial empire collapses. 1975 - Angola gains independence but power struggle ensues between MPLA, backed by Cuba, and the FNLA plus Unita, backed by South Africa and the USA. " "1975-2002 - Civil War
Up to 300,000 people died during the war
Jonas Savimbi's Unita movement took up arms against political rivals after independence
Deals in 1991 and 1994 failed to bring lasting peace
Savimbi's death in 2002 gave way to the demobilization of Unita fighters and a cease fire
This peace agreement was reached without outside mediation" Timeline and pictures courtesy of BBC News (Timeline Abbreviated Slightly)

http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/africa/country_profiles/1839740.stm Civil War Colonization Independence and unrest Post war reconstruction
Full transcript