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The Nature of Listening
Transcript of The Nature of Listening
1. I copy my friend’s lecture notes because I can’t decipher mine when I refer back to them.
WHAT WE LEARNED
It is to provide understanding and support.
An average individual spends 45% to 50% of their waking hours listening.
TYPES OF LISTENING
REMEMBER THE THREE PROCESSES IN LISTENING:
To make things short; As you see someone and they exclaim your name, the sound that they make set off your eardrums, making the three small bones vibrate. the vibrations then travel into your auditory nerve. And the movement of their lips are received by your optical nerve
If you answered most of the questions with a no, then you are making the most out of your listening experiences. I you answered all or most with Yes, then you have lost or most likely to lose much in terms of money, health, safety, good will, and even interpersonal relationships!
4. I forget my teacher’s instructions even before I get home to school.
Write down yes or no if you agree with the following statements
WHAT IS LISTENING?
THE NATURE OF...
This type of listening is to enjoy the listening situation.
It is when we evaluate messages.
The purpose here is to gather Information.
The third process involves reacting. Once the brain decodes the incoming impulses, the listener responds by further thought or by a feeling-tone or emotional state. This inner reaction may be accompanied by overt behaviour such as a smile, frown, blush, yawn, a look of doubt, laughter, applause, restlessness and so on. The response could also be vocal.
The same goes when another person speaks with you, if you both speak the same language, both of you would be able to understand and give meanings to the stimuli you give or receive to one another. What one says can only be understood by another who speaks the same language, if not, additional forms of communication are required.
DECODING THE STIMULI
THE PROCESSES INVOLVED IN LISTENING
“when the sound waves impinge upon the ears of the listener, they set the eardrums into vibrations by means of the relaying action of the three small bones in the middle ear, the movements of the eardrums excite into ‘vibration’ the fluids within the inner ear. In turn, the movement of the liquids stimulates the filaments of the auditory nerve trunks. The resultant neural impulses speed along the nerve trunks to the brain of the listener. Similarly, the light waves that strike the listener are converted into nerve impulses, and are conducted into nerve impulses, and are conducted by the optic nerve to the brain.”
Some refer to this as hearing, but the process involves more than just that.
RECEIVING THE STIMULI
Listening is often confused with hearing. Unlike hearing which is a biological phenomenon, listening is Psychological. It requires contextual contemplation or understanding of the perceived sounds.
This goes to show how important listening is in our lives
The communication process usually involves two or more people. One is usually the speaker and the other the listener. In interpersonal situations, the participants may take turns as speaker and listener. In these interactions, three processes are involved
It is the process in which the brain of the listener decodes the series of nerve impulses it receives via the auditory and optic nerves, which is then translated into meaningful language symbols and then into thought. If both the listener and the speaker share a relatively similar community of language experiences, the listener is able to attach those symbols meanings to those intended by the speaker.
RECEIVING THE STIMULI
DECODING THE STIMULI
REACTING OR FEEDING BACK
According to research, we only remember 25% of the messages we listen to.
Now, why is the percentage so LOW?
It is because we encounter
BARRIERS TO EFFECTIVE LISTENING.
Length and Complexity
THE NATURE OF THE LISTENING PROCESS
THE TYPES OF LISTENING
THE BARRIERS TO EFFECTIVE LISTENING
2. My friends always succeed in convincing me to participate in activities I don’t care about.
3. I’d go crazy if I have to listen to everything my mother has to say.
5. Traveling salesmen always convince me to buy their wares even if I don’t need them.
6. I walk out of the guidance counselor's office still confused about my problem.
8. Even after several explanations of the procedure for CPR, I still can’t do it.
9. I ask my friend how to do the homework because I did not understand the Teacher’s instructions.
There are four types of listening:
It is when we lend a sympathetic ear or when we let people cry on our shoulder.
Care and sensitivity are important with this kind of listening.
Empathizing with the speaker will get better chances of making an appropriate response.
It is when you ask another person give you directions to a mall you don’t know or watching a demonstration on how to use a new appliance and listening to a class lecture.
It is when we hear commercials from the tv or radio and decide whether to buy them or not.
Good Examples would be listening to songs, watching a TV show or just having a good chat with friends.
Ineffective Listening Habits