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Transcript of Spain
The conventional long
form: Kingdom of Spain.
The conventional short
The local short form:
España. Type of Government Parliamentary Monarchy CAPITAL Madrid ADMINISTRATIVE
DIVISION It has 19 autonomous
comunities Andalucia, Aragon, Asturias,
Castilla La Mancha, Castilla Leon,
Extremadura,Galicia, La Rioja, Madrid
Melilla, Murcia, Navarra, Pais Vasco,
National Day 12 of October
It is famous because
is the day when Cristobal
Colon found what is now
America. Spain Currency On 1 January 1999, the European Monetary Union introduced the euro as a common currency to be used by the financial institutions of member countries; on 1 January 2002, the euro became currency for everyday transactions with the member countries Spain´s flag Flag Description Spain Geography Location Southwestern Europe, surrounded by
the Mediterranean Sea, the North Atlantic Ocean,
and the Pyrenees Mountains, southwest
of France. 40 00 N,
4 00 W Geographic coordinates Area total: 504,782 sq km
Paella Tortilla de Patatas La Tortilla española,
and La Paella are
typical food from Spain.
Spain Religion Tipical food of Spain Spain Population Spain has more than
44 million inhabitants.
From 0-14: 14,5%
From 15-64: 67,4%
65 and over: 18,1% Bibliography:
The mony power
from lowest to highest
is: 1 cent, 2 cent, 5 cent
10 cent, 20 cent, 50 cent
1 euro, 2 euros, 5 euros, 10 euros,
20 euros, 50 euros, 100 euros, 200
euros and 500 euros. Spain imports:
293 billion $ in 2009
Machinery and equipment, chemicals, fuels, foodstuffs and consumer goods. The Spanish flag has
three horizontal lines
two red, and one yellow.
Catholic: Spain imports and exports.
In Spain there are 4 different
languages: Spanish, Gallego,
Catalan and Euskera. The
oficial language is Spanish, spoken by 74%. Catalan (17%), Gallego (7%), Euskera (2%) are official regionally.
In Spain there is no
official religion, you
are free to chose
your own religion.
However 94% of the population is Catholic
Spain there are 19
communities, as you
know, and here up,
are the 19 different
typical clothes. Spain typical clothes a Andalucia Aragon Asturias Cantabria Castilla La Mancha Castilla Leon Cataluña Ceuta Comunidad Valencina Extrmadura Galicia Islas Baleares Islas Canarias La Rioja La Rioja Madrid Melilla Murcia Navarra Pais Vasco The History of
Spain People migrated to Spain from Europe, Africa and the Mediterranean since the early days. In the first century B.C. the Romans conquered Spain, that soon became mostly Christian. The Romans were followed by the Vandals and the Visigoths, Germanic people from Europe. The Visigoth rulers fought among themselves and in 711 A.D. Muslims from Africa invaded Spain. Since then until 1492 the Christian kingdoms in Northern Spain fought the Muslims and spread the Catholic religion.
During the XVI and XVII centuries Spain explored and conquered America. Enriched by silver and gold from America, Spain grew more powerful.
n the early XIX century most of America became independent from Spain.
In the First and Second world war Spain didnt participed. In 1936 Spain had a civil war. The victorious General Franco ruled as a dictator until his death in 1975. Soon after, Spain began to transform itself into a modern, industrial and democratic European nation.
Traditions of Spain Spain is a really old
country and has a lot of
traditions. Three examples are
Fallas, in Valencia
Semana Santa, in Sevilla
and San Fermin, in Pamplona. Spain Economy Spain Telecomunications Spains transportation Spains Sports and Recreation In Spain there is a lot of
Sports, but we are really good
in Soccer and in Basketball.
The Recreation are, Bullfighting,
go to cinema, go to walk and go to
Culture and Comunication
215 billion $ in 2009
Machinery, motor vehicles, foodstuffs,
pharmaceuticals, medicines, other consumer
goods Main commercial partners:
Germany (10% exports, 14% imports)
France (18% exports, 11% imports)
Portugal (8% exports)
Italy (8% exports, 7% imports)
UK (6% exports, 4% imports)
USA (4% exports) Telephones:
Main lines in use: 20 millions (2008)
Mobile-cellular: 49 millions (2008)
Radio broadcast stations:
TV broadcast stations:
hosts: 3,5 million
users: 25 million TRANSPORTATION
Railways: 15.288 Km
Roadways: 681.224 Km
Main ports: Algeciras, Barcelona, Bilbao,
Cartagena, Huelva, Tarragona, Valencia, Vigo. Timeline (1100 BC) Southern Iberia colonized by Phonecians
(228 BC) Carthaginians occupy southern Iberia
(218-220 BC) Iberian Peninsula is taken over by Romans.
(74) Roman citizenship given to inhabitants of Iberia
(237) Carthage invades the Iberian Peninsula
(711) Iberia invaded by Muslim army
(913) Christians set up capital in Leon after northern Spain territories are retaken
(1013) Spain separated into small kingdoms
(1137) Kingdom of Aragon formed
(1160-63) Muslim sect now controls Al-Andalus
(1248) Fernando III of Castille takes Seville
(1469) Ferdinand of Aragon and Isabella of Castile marry, bringing much needed stability
(1478) The Catholic Spanish Inquisition begins
(1492) Granada captured, Moors defeated and Christopher Columbus began his voyages of discovery
(1702-14) War of Spanish Succession. Bourbon dynasty accepts Spanish throne
(1898) Spanish-American five-month War; Spain losses Cuba.
(1931) Spain becomes a Republic
(1936-39) Francisco Franco forces victorious in Spanish Civil War; dictatorship established
(1973) Basque nationalists assassinate Prime Minister Admiral Luis Carrero Blanco in Madrid
(1975) Franco dies, Juan Carlos de Borbon is declared king. Spain becomes a constitutional monarchy
(1977) Democratic elections held
(1978) Spain's new constitution establishes a parliamentary monarchy
(1992) Barcelona hosts Summer Olympic games; Seville hosts Expo 92
(1995) Spain joins European Community
(1996) Jose Maria Aznar becomes Prime Minister
(2002) All currency replaced by the Euro
(2004) Islamic terrorists attack the Atocha train station in Madrid with bombs; 191 people killed and hundreds injured. ( papa )
(2004) Zapatero elected Prime Minister, Spanish troops leave Iraq
Family Structure Spain weather The weather in Spain The family structure in
Spain used to be very
multiple family patterns
Marriages per 1,000 people: 4,24
Divorces per 1,000 people:2,4
Children per woman:1,46
Children born outside marriage: 28,38%
People living alone:more than 3,000,000
Spain was the third country in the world to
establish the homosexual marriage in 2005,
since then there has been more than 15,000 weddings. Natural Resources Although soils need
careful irrigation and
cultivaltion, they are
countries most valuable
natural resource with
nearly a thir of the land
available for cultivation.
soils cover the central
plateu, and red Mediterranean
soil cover the southern are
and the northeastern coastal
The country also has many
minerals resources, including
hard and brown coal, small
petroleum and natural gas
deposit, iron ore, uranium,
mercury, pyrites, flourspar,
gypsum, zinc, lead, tungsten,
copper and potash. kids life Pre School from age 3 until 5 is voluntary.
Primary School 6 until 11 and Secondary school until 16 are mandatory.
The official school year calendar generally runs from mid September until the end of June.
There are many school holidays in Spain,Easter and Christmas
are holidays in the whole country but other breaks are often linked to regional and local saints days or a specific Fiesta.
Timetable: There are two types of school timetable, depending on the local Education Authority's policy:
Option 1. This used to be the norm; school started at 9am then a split day allowing for a minimum of two hour lunch break. Then back to school until 5pm.
Option 2. Now adopted by the majority of secondary schools commence school at 9am, a short break in the middle of the day and finish at 2pm
Fashion in Spain
Agatha Rui De La Prada Adolfo Domingez Custo Zara Mango Victorio y Luchino Did you know Did you know that
a lot of people walk hundreds of
miles to get to Santiago De Compostela
that is in Galicia? They call it El Camino De
Or........ That in Spain we celebrate the Reyes