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Participant Oriented Approach

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Summer Parisi

on 2 October 2013

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Transcript of Participant Oriented Approach

Participant Oriented Approach
Summer Parisi

Strengths of the Participant-Oriented Approach
1. Validity
Overview of Approach
Many different models, but all include stakeholders.
Historical Context
Robert Stake
Published two books in the 1980's - made a huge impact on evaluation.
More philosophical than Stake's approaches.
New criteria: credibility, transferability, dependability, confirmability.
Egon Guba & Yvonna Lincoln
Weaknesses of the Participant-Oriented Approach
1. Biases and Decreased Credibility
Example of an Assessment
"Improving Use of Learning Technologies in Higher Education Through Participant Oriented Evaluations" by David Williams.
Brigham Young University - major evaluation of 11 online courses for over 450 students.
Central Administrators
Director of Instructional Design
Faculty that taught 11 online courses
Students enrolled in the online courses
Department Chairs
Stakeholders
1967
1970's
1967
Theorists were not focused on what was really happening in programs that were being evaluated.
The Result...
New evaluation approaches arose.
Evaluation practitioners relied on traditional methods to determine whether program goals were met.
Early Years
Revolutionary in how evaluators thought about assessment.
Focus: Portraying judgments of participants.
Developed the Countenance Framework & the Responsive Evaluation.
Pre-1967
Countenance Framework
Responsive Evaluation
2. Increased Time Commitments and Costs
3. Feasibility
2. Organizational Learning
3. Increased Understanding
Four major characteristics:
Direct & active participant involvement.
Participant ownership.
Professional evaluator present.
Evaluators have an understanding of the evaluation process.
Involvement of program staff ≠ Participative evaluation.
Qualitative methods ≠ Participative evaluation.
Definition of Participant-Oriented Evaluation Approach
Defined by Jean King in the Encyclopedia of Evaluation.
Definition means that the evaluation actively involves the stakeholders with the evaluation.
Naturalistic Evaluation & Stakeholder Participation
Participatory Evaluation Today
Present Day Evaluations
Three main characteristics that differentiate participatory approaches:
1. Control over the evaluation or technical decision-making process
2. Stakeholder selection
3. Depth of participation
The stakeholders were heavily involved in this assessment from the beginning, middle, to the end.
Level of Involvement?
How well the courses were implemented
How well the students participated
How well the faculty felt about teaching online
What should be done to enhance future online courses
What did it measure?
Participatory Approaches & Contexts
References
Fitzpatrick, J. L., Sanders, J. R., & Worthen, B. R.
(2011). Program evaluation: alternative approaches and practical guidelines. (4 ed., pp. 189-230). Upper Saddle River, N.J.: Pearson Education.

Williams, D. D. (2002). Improving use of learning
technologies in higher education through participant oriented evaluations. Educational Technology & Society, 5(3),
Full transcript