Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

Make your likes visible on Facebook?

Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.

No, thanks

the migration of the Scots (1830-1939)

No description
by

Andrew Parker

on 28 September 2016

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of the migration of the Scots (1830-1939)

the migration of the Scots (1830-1939)
Scotland map
the Geography of Scotland: add in key features to your map
"Pull factors" are positive things about a new place that make you wish to go there
Pull factors included:
higher wages in e.g. England, USA
opportunities in the army of the Empire.
the industries of Glasgow- factory work, weaving, shipbuilding etc.
opportunities for skilled workers; weavers in Canada, stonemasons in USA.
opportunities for literate men: administrators in the Empire, shipping clerks.
Merchant navy- many Scots were engineers.
At different times during our period, Scots got help to leave:
the Highlands and Islands Emigration Society helped people emigrate from e.g. Skye.
Barnardos helped orphan children leave for e.g. Canada.
Individual landlords moved crofters to the coasts, or to new countries with paid passages.
Agents from the Empire gave talks on new places.
Young women sometimes got free or cheap passage as they were needed as domestic servants and also as new wives for lonely workers.

Let's look at "push" factors first:
A push factor is a negative reason for a person to want from one place to another.
Ask yourself: "what might cause a person to be dissatisfied with where he or she lives?"
Scots found different challenges at different times, which made them leave.
Here are a few:
Famine (like the 1840s potato famine affecting the highlands)
Unemployment: traditional industries, at times, went into decline.
The harshness of country life.
Technological change: over our period, there was a big change in farming technology which meant...
Poverty: life in rural areas especially, was hard and pay was often low.
opportunities...
you will need detail on:
precisely what pushed people out of certain areas.
which people were able to go and why?
e.g. stonemasons from Aberdeenshire could double their wages building new cities and towns in the USA.
Be as precise as you can.
simple definitions:
migration simply means to move
to another place.
emigration means to leave a place.
immigration means to arrive in a new place.

now, take away some of the technology and scientific advances we have made since our era.
Highlands
Southern
Uplands
Central belt
Issues:
potato blight- 1840s
decline in traditional industries
poverty
evictions/clearances
local artesans can't compete...

rural poverty
low wages
long hours
new farm machinery
to USA, Canada
to India, NZ, Australia and more...
to England
decline in weaving
Sutherland Clearances
poverty
assisted emigration
low wages, sheep,
sporting estates
army- NZ
sheep farming
trading/shipping
trade, shipping
the army, civil service
trade, missionary work
the army, civil service
weaving, skilled work,
bakers, farming
stonemasons, traders,
farming
adventure!
Full transcript