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Eastern Europe and Germany

Ad, Heather, Kelly

Aditya Nellore

on 8 March 2010

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Transcript of Eastern Europe and Germany

Eastern Europe and Germany Summary of Text Book Notes In 1945 strong disagreements between United States and the Soviet Union started to develop about the future of East Europe and Germany. The US wanted to influence eastern European governments to have democratic elections. Ultimately the elections would create a government that would be friendly towards the U.S.
Wanted to occupy Germany so that they could rebuild them as a trading partner in exchange for reparations Germany owes the United States. The US then pressured the Soviets into opening East Europe. They cut off the Lend Lease program and refused to make loans to the Soviet Union. Ended shipments of industrial materials from their German zones to the Soviet Union The Soviet Union, with 27 million people dead from WWII, wanted to use eastern Europe to protect them from any future invasion.
The Soviet Union also wanted to use the reparations from Germany to help the Soviet's suffering economy. Stalin then organized Communist parties in Eastern Europe and Germany so that they would take over their countries in 1943
U.S. - Soviet Disagreements Over Eastern Europe Truman and Stalin Assertive Leaders
Policy differences were a factor in conflict between US and Soviet Union Harry Truman led US while Joseph Stalin led Russia in 1945. Their personalities clashed While President Roosevelt tried to be cooperative with Stalin, Truman became president and wanted to "get tough" with the Soviets. Stalin was very suspicious of the nations of the West. He was also very greedy of political power Atomic bomb then threatened postwar relationships Politic fallout in US-Soviet relations echoed atomic fallout in Japan. It was claimed that bomb was used because Jap. resistance would prolong war and increase Allied casualties. US possession of atom bomb strengthened Truman's resolve, but made Soviet Union more suspicious and stubborn. Cold War Escalates After Potsdam, Soviet interests in Iran were blocked by US so they could strengthen their own interests Anti-Communist elements in Romania, Poland, and Bulgaria were suppressed by Soviet Union They wanted to tighten the grip of Communist parties Soviet Union then began working for control of Czechoslovakia and Hungary... this was where elections were held Stalin hen called for increases in production of strategic materials (preperation for future threats) Churchill said "iron curtain" fell which divided Moscow controlled Eastern Europe from "free" Western Europe Stalin though this was call for war against the Soviet Union Stalin then began to approve campaigns against the Western and cultural influences Why Exactly Did the US Use the Bomb against Japan? - Source Works Cited http://www.class.uh.edu/history/cox/1302album/slides/harry-truman.jpg
http://www.skilluminati.com/img/hiroshima.jpg http://www.essortment.com/all/presidenttruman_rywp.htm This article basically summarizes different opinions about why President Harry Truman dropped the bomb. It also questions whether or not there were better ways to make Japan surrender.
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