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Myths, Legends, and Other Stories

Lucci homework!
by

Kajal Ravani

on 23 March 2010

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Transcript of Myths, Legends, and Other Stories

Myths vs. Legends Puck and Cupid A myth gives a religious explanation for something: how the world or a particular custom began Myths A legend is a story which is told as if it were a historical event; it is not an explanation of a phenomena Diana Cupid, or Eros, is present in Greek and Roman Mythology
Created by Aphrodite, goddess of love,' gives him arrows that can make people fall in and out of love
Usually follows the orders of Aphrodite, but can act of own volition also
Known to be mischevious, especially when committing revenge

Legends Jesus and Hamlet Amleth Connections? Puck is mischevious; he is responsible for many minor annoyances to humans
Takes orders from Oberon, who parallels Aphrodite, and acts on his own
Puck controls love potion and antidote, given by Oberon

Flower of this purple dye,
Hit with Cupid's archery,
Sink in apple of his eye.
When his love he doth espy,
Let her shine as gloriously
As the Venus of the sky.
When thou wak'st, if she be by,
Beg of her for remedy" (3.2.102-109)
Cupid? Who's that? Modern Day People enjoy idea that love is out of human control
Mischevious fairies are entertaining, especially when controlling love lives
Cupid movie in 1997
Cupid TV show on ABC
Elizabethan WOrld Peolple of Elizabethan times were familiar with Greek/Roman mythology
Because Cupid was so prevalent in both mythologies and made an explanation for love, a complex phenomena, simple and magical
Educated/rich could appreciate the myth connection
Uneducated/peasant could appreciate entertainment value of mischevious fairy Jesus's Sparrows "Are not two sparrows sold for a penny? And not one of them will fall to the ground apart from you Father. But even the hairs on your head are all numbered. Fear not, therefore; you are of more value than many sparrows" (Matthew 10:29-31) Although sparrow may seem insignificant, God still recognizes it
humans should not fear about being forgotten by God; they are worth more than many sparrows Connections? Hamlet about to fight brother-in-law, Laertes
Laertes wants revenge, Hamlet murdered father and caused sister, Ophelia, to go mad and commit suicide
Before duel, Hamlet talks to confidante, Horatio, about pains in his heart
Horatio urges him not to fight "Not a whit, we defy augury. There is a special providence in the fall of a sparrow" -Hamlet (Shakespeare 5.2.219-220) Hamlet recognizes he must accept fate and fight Laertes
Recognizes that he will not be forgotten and that God will lead him to carry out his destiny Elizabethan World Bible was recently retranslated
People were aware of verses
Christianity was prominent religion during Elizabethan Age Modern Day Sparrow Story - The Gospel for Today Written by David Rhodes
Narrated by a sparrow
Places Jesus and disciples in modern day cities in which violence and war are present and poor/weak are ignored
Explores how he would react and how insignificant people of lesser classes are made to look
Explains that people's fates are determined by God and that every human being is of great value Elizabethan WOrld Myth explanation Modern Day Modern Day Elizabethan World Connections? Legend Explanation Diana is the Roman goddes of the hunt, woodland animals, and the moon.
She is said to be the Virgin goddess and looks over all women and virgins.
Once when she was young she asked Zeus, said to be her father, for six things. Two of them being to remain chaste forever and never to be confined by marriage. She also asked for hunting tools and a silver bow, which later became her symbol.
Despite the fact she was a virgin, she became the goddess of childbirth. In A Midsummer's Nights Dream:

Hippolyta states... "And then the moon, like to a silver bow new bent in Heaven" (1.1 10-11)
Here she references Diana, the goddess of the moon with her symbol
Thesues refers to Hermia becoming a nun when he tells her that she will either marry Demetrious or..."Or on Diana's alter to protest for aye austerity and sinle life."(1.1 89-90)
There are other allusions in "Much Ado About Nothing", "The Merchant of Venice", and "As You Like It." They are all mainly allusions to her chasity.

Diana now represents Commerce in articheture. (A constant hunt for advantage and profits.)
At Princess Diana’s funeral, her brother connected the goddess to his sister, calling her “the most hunted person of the modern age.”
There is also a branch of witchcraft named after her, called Dianic Wicca, that preaches feminism.
This is a legend written by Saxo Grammaticus in around the 13th century.
It is the story of Amleth, the son of the Governor of Denmark. Amleth’s uncle, Feng, murdered Amleth’s father out of jealousy and wanted to kill Amleth as well.
Though, Amleth’s sharp, cunning ways got him out of the murder attempt and ended up killing Feng in a duel.
He ended up getting killed by his father’s successor. The story of Hamlet coincides with the legend, right until he kills his uncle and avenges his father’s murder. Connections? An Elizabethan audience would be very familiar with Helen. She was prominent in Roman mythology and had a similar persona in Greek myth, called Artemis. The audience would recognize this legend because the author, Saxo Grammaticus, was a very influential writer. This legend is still alive today through its prominence in stories in other countries. This includes stories in Latin America, Scandinavia, Britain, and Ireland.
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