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Biotechnology Timeline (1950s-2010s)

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Makenzie Doherty

on 13 January 2015

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Transcript of Biotechnology Timeline (1950s-2010s)

1960
1970
1990
1950
1980
Biotechnology Timeline (1950s-2010s)
1951
Transfer of marrow into irradiated mice shows that marrow, life spleen, is regenerative.
Egon Lorenz created an experiment to test whether marrow could regenerate in the blood system.
This experiment sets the foundation for bone marrow transplants.
French scientists discover mRNA.
1961
Scientists understand genetic code for the first time.
1974
The U.S. National Institutes of Health forms a recombinant DNA Advisory Committee. The Committee oversaw recombinant genetic research.
In Japan the first vaccine for the chicken pox was developed.
1972
DNA ligase, which links DNA fragments together, is used for the first time.
The DNA composition of humans is discovered to be 99 percent similar to that of chimpanzees and gorillas.
The purified enzyme reverse transcriptase is first used to synthesize complementary DNA from purified messenger RNA in a test tube.
1980
First application of gene therapy in human patients.
Martin Cline does this after doing experiments on mouse blood marrow.
very controversial.
1988
Congress begins to fund the Human Genome Project, which is an attempt at mapping and sequencing the human genetic code.
1958
Dr. Arthur Kornberg of Washington University in St. Louis makes DNA in a test tube for the first time. The first automatic protein sequencer, the Moore-Stein amino acid analyzer, is developed.
2000
2010
1990
Human Genome Project is formally launched.
Initiated by the US Department of Energy.
Started to determine the sequence of chemical base pairs which make up DNA, and to identify and map all the genes in the human genome.
1994
First separation of cancer stem cells from the majority of cells in a cancer
2001
Science and Nature magazines publish the human genome sequence, making it possible for scientists all over the world to begin researching new treatments for diseases that have genetic origins, such as cancer, heart disease, Parkinson's and Alzheimer's.
2006
Chemists in Japan make the first artificial DNA molecule.
2011
The human genome is able to be sequenced for 2,000 dollars in less than one week.
The FDA approves the first cord blood therapy to be used in hematopoietic stem cell transplants.
2010
FDA approves the first genetic based medicine for osteoporosis.
Harvard researchers created the "Lung on a Chip"
1960
1963
Independent groups from USA, China, and Germany synthesize insulin.
Full transcript