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Multicultural Career Counseling
Lindsey Mitchellon 15 September 2011
Transcript of Multicultural Career Counseling
Multicultural Approach to
Career Counseling and Advocacy Know the client discussion As counselors, we don’t want to make an uninformed judgment about the culture of an individual. Know cultural affiliation Why is this important? (cc) image by nuonsolarteam on Flickr Know your client...
...Know how to help your client Communication Style and Establishing the Relationship The Selection of Culturally Appropriate Interventions The Establishment of Culturally Appropriate Goals Facilitating the Decision-Making Process •"When clients have different social values, their expectations about the process and the goal itself are likely to conflict."
The career counselor becomes translator of social values, mediator, and peacemaker to help clients search for goals.
• - Fouad and Byars-Winston found that:
"Racial and ethnic group members aspired to have the same occupations as white individuals, but they were more inclined to perceive barriers that would keep them from realizing their aspirations." •What does a career counseling goal look like?
• - It has observable outcomes
• - Specific
• - Includes a timeframe for attainment
(as written in terms of client's
• - Realistic, achievable
• - Written
• - Included in intervention plan - Decision aids: Balance sheet/Decision making grid
- Computer assistance programs- O*Net Online, Discover,
Achievement Pattern Profiler
- Homework Assignments:
- Consult with workers in the field
- Visit job sites
- Job Shadowing
- Videos that model skills Advocacy The Identification of Career Issues •
• Have the client think of
a [routine] activity
• Have them pinpoint
the enjoyable and not enjoyable
• Have them recognize a pattern analysis → reflects interests, values, personal style, and find themes Assessment Devices: Achievement profiling
• Identify an individual’s achievement over a specific period of time
• What were the: goals, skills/abilities used, interactions, emotions
This is a skills identification process or even understanding self Lifeline
This is a chart from the present to the future
They also map the ups/downs
of their job and educational lives
Label the emotions and circumstances
that led to the ups and downs • All assessment devices help the client in being able to recognize their skills, values, and self in being able to better pinpoint what could be best The Implementation and Evaluation of the Interventions Used (cc) image by jantik on Flickr There are 8 steps in the
Values-Based Multicultural Counseling model... 1st step Finished 2nd step Spark Last step Start (cc) image by nuonsolarteam on Flickr Step One: Step two: Counselors must consider the need
to alter communcation style to one
that is acceptable to whom you are speaking. Values are the basis on which we judge our own performance as well as our appraisal of others.
They are also the primary basis for goal setting. There are five
basic cultural values:
Importance of self control
Relationship to Nature
Step Three The FIRST step in facilitating
career decision making is to determine
WHO will make the decision. The next step is to determine
the decision maker's EXPECTATIONS
of the counselor....and the counselor's
expectations of the family. Step four Step five Step six Step seven A bunch of big words to say...
where the rubber meets the road
...as in any other major decision or transition, a support system increases the likelihood of success Counselors must teach skills needed to succeed BEYOND the assessment process Follow up should include both an evaluation of client actions/success as well as the quality of the counselor's work Step Eight Three Levels:
Direct Advocacy by Counselor
on behalf of client
Lobbying/Legal action S Squarely facing the client
O Open Posture
L Forward Lean
E Eye contact--Direct
(FE) Facial Expression Role Play 1. Do you believe that you are limited by your cultural/ethnic background? If yes, what is the basis of this belief? Have you limited your occupational choices based on this belief? For example, have you only considered occupations that are traditionally entered by people of your racial/ethnic background?
2. Has your gender limited the occupational choices you have considered? If yes, how? Are these expectations related to planning for marriage? What nontraditional careers have you considered?
3. Has your sexual orientation entered into your career planning? If yes, how?
4. Do you have a chronic mental health problem? IF yes, how has this problem influenced your thinking about jobs?
5. Have you ever been diagnosed with a mental or physical disability? If yes, how has this diagnosis influenced your thinking about your career?
6. Are you free to pursue occupations anywhere in North America? If no, why not?
7. Have you limited your occupational choices because of concerns about being able to afford the educational requirements needed for a job?