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3.2.5 Routine Screening

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Connor Christman

on 17 March 2014

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Transcript of 3.2.5 Routine Screening

3.2.5 Routine Screening
By: Connor Christman and MaCayla Green

Recommended at age 40 and should continue as long as woman is healthy.
Tests for Colorectal cancer and Polyps.
Pap Smear
A pap test is a cervical exam in which a tool is used to gently remove cells from the cervix to be examined.
PSA Blood Test
Starting at age 50, men should get this test done.

Factors that decrease your PSA levels include:
5-alpha reductase inhibitors
Herbal Mixtures
Statins (Cholesterol-lowering drug)
Thiazide Diuretics (Water pill used for hypertension)
Should begin at age 50 for both men and women.
Yearly mammograms are recommended after age 40.
Exam takes about 30 minutes but patients are usually given medicine to help them relax and sleep during the procedure.
Test should be done once every 10 years.
Mammograms are X-ray pictures of the breast that are used to check for breast cancer in women.
Allows doctor to look inside the entire colon and rectum.
Pap tests should begin at age 21 and be done every three years through age 29.
The higher your PSA levels are, the more at risk you are for developing prostate cancer.
Women age 30-65 should co-test every 5 years.
Factors that increase your PSA levels include:
An enlarged Prostate
Older Age
Prostatitis (Infection of Prostate Gland)
Riding a bicycle
Certain Urologic Procedures (Digital Rectal Exams)
Certain Medicines (Male hormones like testosterone)
Women over age 65 with normal screenings shouldn't be tested unless (for any age) they have a history of cervical pre-cancer in which case they should be tested for 20 more years.
Screening mammograms are if there are no signs or symptoms. Diagnostic is a mammogram used after there is a lump already found.
CT Scan
CT scans show a detailed cross-sectional image of the body.
Typically you're asked to drink a contrast solution to better help show body structures.
CT scans can show a more detailed image of tumors in the lungs that may cause lung cancer as well as its size, shape, and position.
Should get checked if you're: 55-74, have or used to have a 30pack/year smoking habit and have quit within the last 15 years or not quit at all. Even if you're in good health.
Endometrial Biopsy
When a woman reaches menopause she should know the signs and symptoms of endometrial cancer.
There are no early detection tests at the time but women should get yearly endometrial biopsies based on their history.
Women should also look into getting regular pelvic exams and pap tests.
Women at increased risk due to: increasing age, late menopause, never giving birth, infertility, obesity, diabetes, high blood pressure, estrogen treatment, or tamoxifen therapy or women you have lynch syndrome should have yearly endometrial biopsies starting at age 35.
PSA Blood Test Continued...
Full transcript