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Confucianism and the Art of Chinese Management

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li jingxin

on 7 October 2013

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Transcript of Confucianism and the Art of Chinese Management

Confucianism and the Art of Chinese Management
Introduction
« Culture is more often a source of conflict then of synergy. » G.Hofstede
« Today’s behavior is yesterday’s culture »

Arguments of the text
The cultural gap between the east and the west
Chinese style of management
Critical analysis
In Confucian system, people are basically moral and good???
Movie
Group Members
Li jingxin
Froehlicher
Lily
Shi Kaiju
Guitard
Ludivine
Introduction
Confucianism => Values => Culture => Behavior

Deep implantation in Chinese society
-Aspires to harmonize the society
-Impact in chinese management
Confucianism shocks abroad by the radically different way to treat individuals and its value within a group
« China is probably an exception to all principles » - Bertrand RUSSELL

Confucianism in the business World
Opposite of contemporary capitalism

-Individual achievement
-Personal motivation to suceed
-Competitiveness

All those differences can generates misunderstandings W\E
-Differences in priorities or ways to do things
Understanding Confucianism = understanding chinese management

Confucius
“Though Confucius did not author Chinese culture, he was its
supreme editor”. -Smith
“He is probably the greatest and most influential
thinker in Chinese history”. -Jordan
“The dominant
figure of East Asia. No-one can understand China, Korea and
Japan without the influence of the teacher of ten thousand generations”. -Berthrong
The Confucianism influenced Chinese lifestyle and mindset
Confucianism evolved since its inception through several phases ,but the ethical heart of the Confucian way has been a consistent stabilizing force throughout Chinese history despite challenges and modifications to its basic philosophy. (Hsun Tzu and Mencius)
The Confucianism has spread to Korea and Japan during the first millennium AD.
The Confucianism is important in Chinese culture
Jen : benevolence, humaneness, and love; diligent, unselfish, and sympathetic
Chun Tzu : The superior man ;
the superior man thinks of others, the small man thinks of himself; the superior man accepts his lot calmly, the small man complains about everything
Li : The ways things should be done and the rituals associated with good manners( the civilized man vs the rude barbarian)
Te: the foundation of government
that rulers should merit the cooperation of their subjects by demonstrating respect for people and a sincere devotion to the common good
Wen: “The Arts of Peace” defined societal priorities and
where energies should be expended.
Five principles
Different opinions about people’s nature
Menci (372BC~289BC)
people are basically moral and good
Different opinions about people’s nature
Kao Tzu
people can not be consider as good or bad
Different opinions about people’s nature
Xuncius(313BC~238BC)
people are basically bad

Confucianism is developing over 2000 years.
Arguments
Leadership Style
Paternalistic Structure maintained through family-owned businesses
« Iron Rice Bowl » (Te and Jen)
Highly centralized decision-making
apparatuses
High worker commitment (Yi)
Interpersonal Relations
Importance of harmony and stable hierarchies
Conflict Avoidance: Importance of « face »
Importance of interpersonal relations
West accuses Chinese of « crony capitalism, nepotism and unfair preferences »
Guanxi: kinship, geography and political
connections

Li: Respect of wisdom and seniority

importance of age in hierarchy

Individual Values
Poker-face stoicism
Trust over legal contracts and recourse
Dedication to excellence
Persistence and patience
Chiku Nailo: Efficiency-oriented
Reliability, trustworthiness and loyalty
Management Styles
West/China: Mutually influence each other
Legal frameworks are replacing social customs and business deals based on personal trust
Y approach
Short-term: China will remain quintessentially Confucian
Western managers will benefit from cultural knowledge (also Buddhism and Taoism)

Long-term: Chinese business culture will probably evolve towards a more Western one
Thank You!!!
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