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Anne Boykin and Schoenhofer

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lady arlaine felix

on 7 September 2013

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Transcript of Anne Boykin and Schoenhofer

Anne Boykin and Savina Schoenhofer
Nursing as Caring : A Model of Transforming Practice
METAPARADIGMS
HISTORY
CRITICS
DEFINITION OF TERMINOLOGIES
grew up in Kaukauna,Wisconsin
the eldest of six children
1966,graduated from Alverno College in Milwaukee, Wisconsin
received her Master's Degree from Emory University in Atlanta, Georgia, and her Doctorate from Vanderbilt University in Nashville, Tennessee.
married to Steve Staudenmeyer, and they have four children
Dean and Professor of the Christine E. Lynn College of nursing at Florida Atlantic University.
Director of the Christine E. Lynn Center for caring
her book, Living a Caring-Based Program (1994)
(co-authored with Schoenhofer), Nursing as Caring: A Model for Transforming Practice (1993-2001)
Lady Arlaine G. Felix, RN
Anne Boykin
1944 - present
Savina Schoenhofer
1940 - present
born in Kansas.
the second child and the eldest daughter in a family of nine children
initial nursing study was completed at Wichita State University
completed a PhD in educational foundation and administration at Kansas State University in 1993
She has daughter, Carrie, and a grand-daughter, Emma
NURSING
- nurturing persons living caring and growing in caring

HEALTH
- a well-being state of a person.

PERSON
- illuminated as living grounded in caring.

ENVIRONMENT
- defines situationally to any context that is influenced by the client.

Personhood
- is the universal human call.

Caring
- is the altruistic active
expression of love and the intentional and embodied recognition of value and connectedness.
Caring between
- the loving relation into which nurse and nursed enter and co-created by living the intention to care.

Knowing self and other as caring
- gaining self awareness of how you care.
Growing in caring
- developing your caring capacity is a lifelong process. every situation and season is an opportunity for growth.

Grounded in caring
- making caring the essence of your personhood.
ASSUMPTIONS
APPLICATION
To Nursing Practice
: The focus of nursing ... is person as living in caring and growing in care. Nursing practice has been influenced by this idea.
To Nursing Administration
: Nursing profession has sub specialties and administration is one of the area. All activities under nursing administration are concerned for creating, maintaining and supporting an environment which calls for nursing.
To Nursing Education
: In teaching nursing, teachers guide students to know, appreciate and celebrate both self and others as caring persons.
To Nursing Research & Development
: The caring theory influenced nursing researcher and developer to explore and illuminate the patterns of caring personality.
1.persons are caring by virtue of their humanness
2. persons live their caring moment to moment
3. persons are whole or complete in the moment
4. personhood is living life grounded in caring
5. personhood is enhanced through participating in nurturing relationships with caring others
6. nursing is both a discipline and a profession
Caring Theory is a grand nursing theory that can be used as a framework to guide nursing practice.
The focus on caring abilities of a nurse is a primary strength which was given emphasis on the theory of Nursing as Caring.
The assumptions presented by Boykin and Schoenhofer sounds analytical and acceptable. In addition, concepts and explanations are concise and easily understandable.
Development of emotional attachment to patients might be a weakness of this theory.
This theory can be used not only by nurses but by everyone who cares.
As a grand theory of Nursing as Caring, another major strength is it can be used with any other theory regardless of time and place.
The elements that make a holistic individual whole and complete were not enumerated.
There are limited explanations regarding the concepts of a person, man, environment and nursing.
The incompatibility of nursing process to this theory may be considered a limitation since all of us are using the nursing process in our profession.
Theory is highly applicable, useful and much effective if used together with other theories.
HISTORY OF THE THEORY

Theoretical sources:
Boykin and Schoenhofer's Nursing as Caring began when they both recognized the importance and human necessity continuing to develop ideas toward a comprehensive conceptual framework.
They both conceptualize the focus of nursing as "nurturing persons living, caring and growing in caring".
Their theory is grounded in caring that led Boykin and Schoenhofer to conceptualize the focus of nursing as caring.
thank you for listening!
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